14

This is in the Ramo (O.C. 585:2) to blow specifically on the right side of the mouth. The Magain Avraham says this is based on the verse (Zecharia 3:1) והשטן עומד על ימינו - the Satan stands on his right side.


11

The Talmud (RH 34) records: שמע תשע תקיעות בתשע שעות ביום יצא מט' בני אדם כאחד [לא יצא] תקיעה מזה ותרועה מזה יצא If he heard 9 blasts at 9 hours of the day, he fulfilled his obligation. [If he heard them] from 9 people at once, he did not fulfill his obligation, [but if] there was a Tekia from this [person] and [then] a Terua from this [person] he does ...


11

It has been used 11 times so far since the enactment of the fixed calendar in 4119. It was used in 4179, 4257, 4504, 4602, 4849, 5096, 5194, 5441, 5519, 5688, and 5766. The next time it will be used is 6013 if we still have a fixed calendar then. You can read about this exceedingly rare Dechiya and its history here.


11

I once wondered about this and found an answer at Ohr Somayach. They say that Hallel is said with joy and that our focus on judgement precludes this. They cite Rosh Hashanah 32b: אמרו מלאכי השרת לפני הקב"ה רבש"ע מפני מה אין ישראל אומרים שירה לפניך בר"ה וביום הכפורים אמר להם אפשר מלך יושב על כסא דין וספרי חיים וספרי מתים פתוחין לפניו וישראל ...


9

1) The Maharil explains that the apple is connected with "חקל תפוחים קדישין"; when Yaakov came to get the brochos from Yitzchok, he had the smell of an apple orchard upon his clothing. Besides for the Kabbilistic meanings, (according to one opinion) this episode happened on Rosh Hashana (GR”A O.C. 583:8) 2) There are three types of benefit derived from an ...


9

From my experience as a kosher Chef. This is quite an endeavour but not impossible. One lambs head will not provide much meat but enough for all to taste. Here is one with usage of Moroccan spices/ Sephardic flavours which go nicely with lamb and garnished with glazed apples appropriate for the holiday. For the head; 1 whole lambs head brain removed.( note ...


9

There seems to be no known source for feeding the fish at Tashlich. As already noted, those who mention it then to be opposed to it. But the fact is that it is mentioned - and its origins seem to be almost as old as the Minhag of Tashlich. Regarding feeding the fish at Tashlich we could learn from the Aruch HaShulchan's opinion regarding feeding the birds ...


9

The Shibbolei HaLeket (286) quotes his brother R. Binyamin as asking this question about Rosh HaShana and Yom HaKippurim. He quotes his brother's answer that the Talmud (Rosh Hashanah 11a) states that on Rosh HaShana the slave labour of the Jews ended in Egypt. ותירץ בראש השנה נמי ראוי לומר זכר ליציאת מצרים לפי מה ששנינו בראש השנה תניא ר' אליעזר אומר......


8

Taamei HaMinhagim 706 says it is done for Kabalistic reasons. In the notes, he mentions in the name of the Imrei Noam that the Gematria of the word "Tapuach" (the Hebrew word for apple) is the same as the Gematria of "S'e Akeida" - so we eat the apple to recall the Akeida (Binding of Isaac).


8

They would take out a separate Sefer Torah and read the curses, in addition to the standard weekly parshah. Source: I heard it directly from a well-known rav, who based it on the Rambam Hil. Tefillah, 13:1-2.


8

As for Rosh Hashana, Rav Saadiah lists 10 reasons for blowing shofar. They are: Coronations of kings are announced by trumpet blasts. The shofar is the coronation blast of Hashem's rulership. (So think about accepting Hashem as king) The Shofar is a wake up call to examine our actions. (So think about if your behavior has been appropriate.) The Shofar ...


8

This was birkat kohanim, the priestly blessing, which (in the diaspora, at least for Ashkenazim) is done only on the high holy days and festivals. In Israel it is done at each morning service (where a minyan is present). This is a reflection of a temple practice. I have been taught that one reason our kohanim take their shoes off is because they did in ...


8

This priority is given in the Yerushalmi Sukkah 4:1: ר' סימון מפקד לאילין דמחשבין יהבון דעתכון דלא תעבדין לא תקיעתה בשבת ולא ערבתא בשבתא ואין אדחקון עבדון תקיעתה ולא תעבדון ערבתא R' Simon ordered those who calculate [the calendar rules], "See to it that you don't let the blowing of the Shofar be on Shabbos, or the [beating of the] Arava on Shabbos. If ...


8

This is stated by the B'nei Yissakhar (Maamarei Hodesh Tishrei Maamar 3 - Yom Teruah Derush 3): וכן יש לפרש יום תרועה, לשון ריעות וחיבור, התחלת מעשה לקרב ולהגיש החיבור פנים בפנים, הוא יהיה לכם, הכל תלוי במעשיכם Similarly one can explain "a day of teruah", as an meaning 'friendliness' and 'connection', the beginning of the act to connect to God ...


8

Taame Haminhagim ("Likutim" (in the back), 183), in my own free translation: The reason for the custom that we make Passover matzas round is according to what Rabbi Saadia and Maimonides wrote, that people at one time believed in multiple gods…. To keep Jews far from such fools' beliefs, they imposed then upon themselves to make all their breads ...


7

The reason that we keep 2 days on all festivals outside of Israel is because originally it was a doubt whether the new month had been declared, and word did not reach far enough for them to know by the middle of the month. Even once the calendar was set, they maintained the minhag of their predecessors (Beitza 4b). The Ba'al HaMe'or to Beitza 5a explains ...


7

Rosh Hashanah 16a: Rav Yosef said: Like whom do we hold that we pray nowadays for the sick and ailing? Like whom? Like Rabbi Yosi! [who says that "a person is judged every day"] And if you'd rather, I'll answer per Rabbi Yitzchak, who said that "crying out is good for a person, whether before or after the verdict." Trans. mine, except ...


7

For the first one: there's an Aramaic term עללתא, meaning "crop" or "harvest" (see Talmud, Nedarim 55a, and Targum Onkelos to Vayikra 25:3). Could be that the Akkadian cognate, if there is one, had an aleph instead of an ayin. (In fact, according to Wikipedia, Akkadian lacked an ayin sound.) For the second: the Aramaic word for "spy&...


6

The Haftorah is very moving and probably hold the record for the most Jewish songs from one Haftorah! It especially relates to the Rosh Hashanah theme of Zichronos ("Memories"). First, (verses 1-13), the Haftorah discusses God bringing the redemption, which may connect to the theme of Zichronos, as it involves God "remembering" the Jews. ...


6

Both the Aruch HaShulchan and the Kitzur Yalkut Yosef forbid adults to blow the Shofar after one has fulfilled one's obligation, with the exception of blowing for somebody else or if one isn't sure one fulfilled the mitzva. ערוך השולחן - אורח חיים סימן תקצו - מנהג התקיעות לאחר התפילה ב וכתב רבינו הרמ''א דלאחר שיצאו בזה – אין לתקוע עוד בחנם. אבל קטן, ...


6

Luach Hahalachos Uminhagim - 5771 page 30 - note 13 says this is based on the Chayai Adam 139:5 & Elef Hamagain 40 Chayai Adam 139:5 says that one should say תכתב ותחתם לאלתר לחיים טובים Elef Hamagain 40 says one should add Ulishilom


6

Yannai has a phrase in one of his kerovot for Rosh Hashanah (Zulai's ed., p. 321) that goes: וירצה בעם בו תרועת מלך In N. Bronznick's book on Yannai's liturgy (Piyyutei Yannai - Biurim U'pirushim, pg. 388) the author is most certain that Yannai was hinting at this double entendre of "רעות"; friendship/closeness between God and His people. In the ...


6

This is mentioned in the Sefer Minhagim of Maharil (Hilchos Shofar # 13). The reason given there is that it lets people know that the set of shofar blasts has been completed: אמר מהר"י סג"ל דלהכי מאריכין בתקיעה אחרונה ונקראת תקיעה גדולה למען ישמעו העם וידעו שסיימו הקולות ויאמרו אשרי העם יודעי תרועה Additionally, this very question was asked to R. Chaim ...


5

I saw an article where Rabbi Israel Chait addresses your question for Bnei Noach. I thought you might like his comments. Here is the link for the article on Mesora.org Noachide: What is appropriate behavior for Noahides on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur? I want to be very careful not to transgress by doing more than is permitted, not creating festivals for ...


5

The nearest answer I can find refers to the prayers that Noahides can say on or before Rosh Hashonoh from “asknoah.org” The suggested prayers contain a section from “Unesaneh Tokef”, “V’Khol Ma’aminin”, Psalm 24, and some prayers from from the booklet "Prayers, Blessings, Principles of Faith, and Divine Service for Noahides (5th Edition, pub. 20’13 by Ask ...


5

The Piskei Tshuvos 581:3 brings in the footnotes from the Aruch Hashulchan seif 12 that one should not blow at night the whole month of elul even to practice because we don't do hissarirus at night.He also brings the Igros Moshe 4:21 that when the Rama said that there are those who blow shofar at night he meant after mincha or places who daven maariv during ...


5

The grammatical function of the mapiq (which can occur with an alef as well as a he) is to indicate that the letter is a consonant. (The alternative is that the letter is mater lectionis indicating a particular vowel.) Whether a he-mapiq indicates possessive is a matter of context. The Divine name yod-he, for instance, is always spelled with a mapiq, ...


5

The Sefer HaMinhagim of R' Yitzchak Tyrnau notes that all three words have the same gematria of 136; this is to remind us that all three aspects are equally important (Hagahos haMinhagim Aseres Y'mei Teshuvah). The Chasam Sofer notes that these three elements were employed by the people of Ninveh in their efforts to achieve divine pardon, and this set the ...


5

The Talmud in Rosh Hashanah (20A) explains that Yom Kippur shouldn't fall out on the day before or after Shabbat, since two consecutive Shabbat-like days could be problematic. If Rosh Hashanah were to fall out on Friday, Yom Kippur would fall out on sunday. Two reasons are given (see the gemara there for a discussion of these two reasons): If someone dies ...


5

There is specific symbolism in the apple. It also can't be discounted that apples are harvested around Rosh Hashana time so they are a readily available and relatively inexpensive fruit at that time.


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