12

There is a piece in the Tshuvas HaRashba in siman 418 which denigrates the belief in gilgulim. It is a response from the Chachmei Luniel to the Rashba, proving that they don't believe in any nonjewish ideas. See there ד.ה. ומתועלותיה בסוד הנפש. One of the points they raise why it is an unjewish belief is because judgement and punishment is a fundamental ...


7

I'm not claiming to give a full answer; I did learn about this topic, but I don't remember the specific example. However, there is one answer which works in general. In Judaism, the concept of gilgulim/reincarnation is that a person can come back into this world in order to fix up, or accomplish something, which wasn't done properly in a previous life. If ...


5

This concept is explored in the Arizal's Sha'ar HaGilgulim 1:10 (An English translation is available by here) The Chabad website gives a nice overview here and then continues into the follow section 1:11 here. Some highlights are as follows: Know, that if a person merits obtaining his Nefesh, Ruach, and Neshama, and then blemishes them through sin, he will ...


5

Just to clarify -- if one wronged another person, then one must apologize to them as part of teshuva. Consensual behavior, however, would not require their apology. The answer is yes -- teshuva works. Rav Moshe Feinstein has a couple of responsa starting OC4:117 about teshuva for various intimate acts; the common theme to them is "yes it was a sin; you ...


5

See here as a translation from the Arizal: Cain and Abel also damaged [reality]. [Not only Cain but also] Abel "gazed and damaged". According to the Sages, when Abel offered his sacrifice to G-d, he gazed upon the Divine Presence and therefore became incurred the death penalty (which is why it was divine providence that Cain killed him). Gazing ...


4

It has been quoted in the name of The Great Rebbe Moshe Tetelbaum of Uhel, Author of YISMACH MOSHE, that he said he remembered the different gilgulim (incarnations) which he had been in in his past lives. He is quoted to have said that in his first gilgul he lived as one of the sheep in the flock of Yaakov Avinu, and that he added that and once Yaakov had ...


4

It depends what Midrash you’re reading. On the one hand we have the Gemara, Shabbos 30b: דכתיב (קהלת א, ג) מה יתרון לאדם בכל עמלו שיעמול תחת השמש ואמרי דבי ר' ינאי תחת השמש הוא דאין לו קודם שמש יש לו As it’s written (Koheles 1:3): “What benefit is there to a person in all of his labor which he works under the sun?” And the academy of R’ Yannai said: ...


3

As others, I don't know what the Arizal is referring to. But Kli Yakar says that Kain was the first who made the sacrifice. Hevel envied him and made a sacrifice too. As a hint to this, he brings a posuk from Kohelet 4:4 וראיתי אני את כל עמל ואת כל כשרון המעשה כי היא קנאת איש מרעהו גם זה הבל ורעות רוח


2

Yes, there are others who have said this before the CA and after him. Of recent poskim/kabbalists Ben Ish Chai echoed as follows (1st year, p. Ki Tisa): והנה הדבר הזה יפלא: משה בחיר ה' מה עון ומה חטאת יש בידו שהכניס עצמו בכללם באומרו לעוננו ולחטאתנו, ואולם הדבר מובן על פי מה שכתב רבינו האר"י ז"ל בשער הכונות דמלבד מה שנענש האדם על חטאיו, עוד נענש על חבירו ...


2

Rav Moshe David Wali (18th century) writes in the ספר הליקוטים page 26 (חלק א'‏): ועוד לו המשכה פרטית מן הפרטית בין בתלמוד בין במעשה שבא לו סיוע מנשמותיהן של צדיקים ושל חכמים, ואם הוא מעיין בספר פלוני יבוא לו סיוע להבין ולהשכיל מנשמתו של פלוני שחיבר אותו. וכל שכן אם הוא יכוין בכך בעת לימודו, ואפילו במאמר אחד בלבד יבוא לו סיוע להבינו מבעל המאמר עצמו, [...


2

While it's true that some animals, plants ... are gilgulim of people, that does not mean that all are. Reincarnation is usually because a soul has to fix something it did or did not do but for whatever reason can't go to gehinom or needs to be done in the physical world. Most souls however either throughout the course of their life completed what they ...


2

According to the Arizal (cited, e.g. here), the name אדם - Adam, includes the acronym: א=אדם; ד= דוד; מ=משיח (or, speculatively perhaps מנחם=מ), representing his three gilgulim. This is understood to mean that Adam's potential role in history, upon failing by the original sin, was taken over historically by David. Upon David's failure, the role passes onto ...


1

Kol israel yesh lahem heilek leoilom habo! All Jews have a portion in the world to come (vias haMoshaich). When it is written that there are those who don’t it means that those who don’t will also be resurrected and be in oilom habo, but they will be last to come to life. That would be considered as a punishment since everyone else will see that they came ...


1

As mentioned in this answer according to the Arizal, one of the reasons for the daily blessing of not being made a heathen is that each night a person returns his soul to the creator and it[sic] possible that this soul be switched into another body or state of being. ...each day ... a person awakes to find himself in this particular configuration of body ...


1

This answer is assuming the reincarnation of the OP is not rival of the dead, as clarified in the comments, but is referring to what is commonly called Gilgul Neshamos. As I mention in my answer to this Mi Yodea question, the wise men of Luniel mention this idea to the Rashba, written in his responsa 418. Rashba did not argue against their logic, but he ...


1

I don't know what the Arizal is referring to. However, the Chida (in his פני דוד) cites Chaim Abulafia's עץ חיים that הבל instigated the whole affair: אמרו ז״ל ויקם קין שביקש הבל להורגו ונתגבר קין וקם עליו והרגו ז"א אי הבל אחי־ היה לך להצי׳ עצמך בא׳ מאיבריו ואיך הרגתו השיב לא ידעתי כלו' לא יכילנא ליה השומר אחי וכי יכולתי לשמרו והרגתיו. ועוד תי׳ אנכי הוא ...


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