8

The Yerushalmi (Eiruvin 5:1, 31a) states that Elijah was טירונין לנביאים. The Korban Ha-Eidah defines this as גדול שבנביאים, and cites the Aruch who explains that this means he was the authority of the prophets (ענין שררה--see also here). [The P'nei Moshe, however, seems to understand the word as related to "tyro," i.e., a beginner.] It would seem that R. ...


8

See the introduction to R' Ya'akov Emden's siddur (bottom of the page). R' Emden is continuing from his discussion of the persistent survival of the Jewish people through great adversity and the appropriate conclusions to draw from this regarding HaShem's involvement in the world and His care for the Jewish people: By the life of my soul! When I ...


5

You are incorrect to say Rav Emden wrote a scathing polemic against the Zohar. You can read Mitpachas Sefarim yourself here. See his opening line: הנה כל עצם ספר הזוהר, קדוש הוא כעצם השמים לטוהר He believed the work to be holy and didn't seemed bothered about who actually authored it: כי קדוש הוא הספר ומחברו, יהיה מי שיהיה.  What he writes is ...


4

There were many proofs put forth that Rav Yonasan Eibeshitz zt"l was a Sabbatean, published in sefarim such as Sefat Emet (anonymous, often attributed to Rav Yaakov Emden, but recently published materials suggest Nechemiah Reischer, a disenchanted R' Eibeshitz enthusiast who became an admirer of R' Emden). One such proof, as described in this article by ...


1

Looks like the translator skipped from p. 87 line 8 of Kahana ('שקילא טיבותך כו) until p. 91 line 5 (כי הוא ראה אותם). Might have been accidentally, might have been on purpose (as @Oliver said), since some of the material in between (on pages 88-89) are accusations against R' Yonasan Eibeschutz.


1

R. Kook z"l writes in a responsum (Orah Mishpat OH: 148) that one may not create a new pronunciation and that one must continue to use the pronunciation inherited from one's forefathers. קבלתי מכתבו ע"ד שאלת ההברה, ואשיב לו שיאמר להם בשמי שמצד הדין אסור לשנות יותר המבטא שקבלנו מאבותינו הקדושים. בכל עניני קדושה ותפילה, ואקוה שישמעו לדברי. ואם ח"ו יתעקשו ...


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