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In Mishnah Makkot 1:10 there is a famous passage where, after discussing the laws of witnesses, the Rabbis debate how often the Sanhedrin should order the capital punishment. A Sanhedrin that would execute somebody once every seven years would be considered a violent Beit Din. Rabbi Elazar Ben Azariah says: "Once every 70 years." Rabbi Tarfon and ...


10

Nachmanides (in his commentary on Genesis) and others posit that we have much to learn from the actions of, especially, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in Genesis. In his introduction to 32:4, he writes: This section was written to inform us that God helped His servant and saved him from the power of someone stronger than he, sending His agent and saving him. ...


10

The idea behind a kickback is generally to steal from a third party. For example Reuven is a buyer from XYZ corp, Shimon is a salesman for ABC inc. Shimon wants to sell widgets to XYZ corp so he comes to Reuven and tries to convince him to have XYZ corp buy them for $100 a piece. Reuven says XYZ corp will pay $120 a piece but I want you to give me (Reuven ...


8

A complicated subject. See this post from bein din l'din blog. In some cases it's wisest not to mix in; Rosh is famous for saying that if you insert yourself into a fight between A & B, eventually A & B will forget whatever was going on between them, and together fight you.


5

R Ken Spiro has a wonderful book on this topic: Worldperfect, the Jewish impact on civilization (a similar book by a non-Jewish author is The gifts of the Jews: how a tribe of desert nomads changed the way everyone thinks and feels by Thomas Cahill). In Worldperfect, R Spiro brings dozens of examples or counter-examples of how the Jews were significantly ...


5

In all the cases specified there is no Lifnei Iver. The Gemara (Avodah Zarah 14a) says: Said Abaye; We should be particular not to [place a stumbling-block] before [the blind] but we need not be so particular as to avoid placing it before one who may place it before the blind. The simple explanation of this Gemara is that Lifnei Iver does not apply when ...


5

Shortly before the first Gulf War, an article appeared in the Journal of Halacha and Contemporary Society discussing halachic views towards US intervention in this case. It included, among other things, the possibility that just as if Fred was drowning or surrounded by bandits, Ernie should try and rescue him, so too if Country A is being threatened then ...


5

Yes, Halacha and the Torah deal with ethics at the national level. Some Rabbis, such as Rav Kook and ilk, even argue that halacha is mostly concerned with the ethics at a national level. They focus on the Klal and the Tzibur as the main ethical imperative, using individuals as the mechanism to achieve that moral dimension. The Torah, and Jewish history ...


4

Rav Ovadia Yosef originally supported the Oslo Accords due to pikuach nefesh - Rabin and his generals told him it would save lives. Later on after seeing the results - over 3000 Jews murdered and thousands more maimed - he changed his position.


4

It really depends on the question and severity of the issue at hand ie. Shaas hadchak, money considerations, mental health. But generally, big questions such as medical issues, end of life issues etc. should asked to a world expert on that particular topic. Like medical issues should be asked to a rav who is competent in those issues and has good medical ...


3

Chazal set up a publicly funded school system around the first century of the common era (Bava Basra 21:1). They strongly condemned any city that did not fund a school for its children (Eicha Rabba Petichta 2). Publicly funded schools were not set up in any major culture till the eighteenth century. Many countries did not have public education through the ...


2

Rabbi Jonathan Sacks response: Antisemitism: What it is and how to deal with it. To summarize the parts that kinda address this question: Assimilation will not succeed in curbing antisemitism; do not ever define ourselves as the hated people; do be candid about the evil of antisemites; and advertise antisemitism as hatred of everyone different and thus a ...


1

This may not be 100% analogous, but we do see a case of 2 natural enemies uniting against a common foe. Ice and Fire united in order to bring the plague of hail upon the Egyptians. From Rashi (Shemot 9:24) quoting the Tanchumah: flaming within the hail: [This was] a miracle within a miracle. The fire and hail intermingled. Although hail is water, to ...


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