6

Maimonides did call him a madman. See the translation of his Epistle to Yemen here (3rd paragraph) or here on Sefaria (search for "madman"). To summarize the historical background (brought here) About the year 1168, the Jews of Yemen were confronted with a three-pronged agonizing problem. A fanatical Moslem cleric became the ruler of this distant, ...


5

The Ibn Ezra groups all three as afflictions of the heart. The Netziv in his Ha'amek Davar writes: בשגעון. קלקול הדעת שלא תתבונן להיות נשמר מאוה״ע Madness - The ruining of the mind such that it does not understand how to be safe/protected from the nations of the world. The Ba'al HaTurim notes that it means not just madness in the literal sense but rather ...


4

Firstly, I wish you strength to get through this ordeal. I am certain that Hashem knows your intentions are good and He only gives tests to those who He knows can pass them. There is quite a dearth of material online that can help provide an effective approach to dealing with this situation. I have taken a couple of these and tried to weave them into an ...


3

The only real "definition" I could find (and my understanding of it) is that the term refers to a lacking of mental faculties, when someone is missing the (self)awareness that makes someone human.


2

As far as how to maintain kavanah, that is tricky to answer. It would be easy to throw out some cliches and sources as advice but OCD is not an easy thing and to downplay it is not right. What might help is to know that there are many sources who say that the reward for a mitzvah is weighed by the amount of effort is needed to do it. Here is one such source. ...


2

As per your comment above about - "whether there is validity to using substances that increase the accuracy of a person's sense of reality & functioning,‎ eg anxiety medication for someone anxious,‎ or caffeine for someone not able to function.‎" It writes in the Mishnah Berurah 89:22 the following: וטיי"א וקאפ"ע מותר לשתותו קודם ...


1

Rabbi Zelig Pliskin in his book Gateway to Happiness deals with this issue at length and brings dozens of sources in Ch. 6. The tl;dr version is that every human being is created in the image of G-d and thus has very great potential. Just by being born one's value is tremendous. One should be proud of one's accomplishments. Prided used to spur one to do good ...


1

It would appear that Judaism believes it is possible for a person to be not-OK (a rasha) and it is also possible for a person to be very OK (a tzadik). However, importantly, that which makes you not-OK is morally perverse behaviour (a rash) and that which makes you very OK is exemplary moral behaviour (a tzadik) - not "accomplishments".


1

I recently found this book I didnt read it going to try to get it soon but it looks very good. It is written by Nafatali Horowitz who comes from a yeshivish background but is curretly a managing director at JP Morgan. The book is basically practical Mussar for the 21st century. Artscroll Link https://www.artscroll.com/Books/9781422627464.html . On the ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible