11 votes
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Was there ever a Talmudic tractate on Avot?

According to the Mevo to Oz VeHadar's Maseches Avos Otzar Midrashei Chazal, p. 5, since Avos wasn't written on any specific mitzvah, Chazal never had their usual debates or discussions which are found ...
robev's user avatar
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10 votes

What does Avot 6:6 mean when it invokes redemption?

The Maharal in Or Chadash on Megilas Esther explains that Hashem performs miracles in order to create a Kiddush Hashem. However, if the person involved in the rescue will take the credit then there is ...
HaLeiVi's user avatar
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10 votes
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What does Avot 6:6 mean when it invokes redemption?

In general, גאולה (redemption) seems to mean restoring something to its proper place, as in: returning an enslaved person to his family/home, or likewise, returning an ancestral property to its ...
Loewian's user avatar
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10 votes
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Mouth of the donkey ("פִי הָאָתוֹן"): how can the Rambam seem to contradict the mishnah in Pirkei Avos?

Like Rambam, Ralbag also maintains that this incident did not occur in real life, and he explicitly discusses the view of the Sages: והנה דעת רבותינו ז”ל הוא שזה הענין היה כפשוטו ולזה אמרו שפי ...
Alex's user avatar
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8 votes
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Yose b. Yoezer and Yose b. Yohanan received from them. Who does "them" refer to?

Rabbeinu Yonah writes that the 'them' is Shimon HaTzaddik and Antigonos. Before they studied under Antigonos they studied under Shimon HaTzaddik. It could also mean the Men of the Great Assembly (...
Russell's user avatar
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7 votes
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What are the 10 utterances in Pirkei Avot 5:1

Chazal give a listing of the ten utterances is given in Bereishit Rabba 17:1, together with what to swap out. ויאמר ה' אלהים לא טוב היות תנינן: ‏ בעשרה מאמרות נברא העולם, ואלו הן: ‏ ...
josh waxman's user avatar
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7 votes

Shammai - receive everyone with a pleasant countenance

This discrepancy is addressed in the footnotes of the collected lectures of the Lubavitcher Rebbe. Likutei Sichos Vol. 17 p. 114 note 37 ועד"ז יש לבאר במאמר שמאי אבות פ"א מט"ו הוי מקבל את כל האדם ...
Alex's user avatar
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7 votes

Which of the *Zugos* were in charge during the Chanukah story?

Adding to what @Schmerel wrote, the Chanukah story probably took place during the time of Yose ben Yoezer & Yose ben Yochanan and possibly also during the time of their students, Yehoshua ben ...
Harel13's user avatar
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6 votes

Is it permissible for a woman to learn Pirkei Avot & Shulchan Aruch?

Rav Moshe Feinstein zt"l in Igros Moshe, YD III, siman 87 (top left column) famously said that girls can learn pirkei avos: משום שהוא עניני מוסר והנהגות טובות יש ללמדם בהסבר לעוררן לאהבת תורה ...
Dov's user avatar
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Why does אבות cite Gen. 9, not Gen. 1, for נברא בצלם?

It seems to me that the key is "חִבָּה יְתֵרָה נוֹדַעַת לוֹ שֶׁנִּבְרָא בְצֶלֶם" In Bereishit 9, G-d is directly commanding mankind not to kill people, because they were created in the image of G-d. ...
Menachem's user avatar
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6 votes

Answer to question in first chapter of Tanya

Chapter 13 He explains that one should see them self "כרשע" as having the capacity for sin and should never let their guard down. But not actually as a rasha.
mroll's user avatar
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6 votes
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Why does the Mishna say "שְׂנָא אֶת הָרַבָּנוּת"?

The simple answer is that רַבָּנוּת doesn't mean "the rabbinate." The Israeli rabbinate of today is called רַבָּנוּת, but it didn't exist in antiquity. The closest thing to an official body of rabbis ...
b a's user avatar
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6 votes
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Are we supposed to know which transgressions are light or severe?

Bartenura in Yoma explains (based on the gemara to this mishnah) that ‘light’ commandments here means all positive mitzvot as well as negative mitzvot which are able to be subsequently ‘fixed’ (lav ...
Joel K's user avatar
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6 votes
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What does "נגללים" mean about the tablets?

So there are a few sources that point to the fact that one of the miracles of the luchos were that they could be rolled up (as per your assumption). Firstly, there is an intriguing פסוק in שיר השירים ...
Dov's user avatar
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5 votes

Why honor someone who teaches one thing? Say dayo lihyos k'Achisofel!

The Midrash Shmuel in his commentary there raises the possibility (but acknowledges that it is forced) that this Beraisa follows the opinion of R. Tarfon who allows a kal vachomer even when it is &...
Alex's user avatar
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5 votes

Rabbi "shopping"

See this Mishna Chala 5, 7: יִשְׂרָאֵל שֶׁהָיוּ אֲרִיסִין לְנָכְרִים בְּסוּרְיָא, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מְחַיֵּב פֵּרוֹתֵיהֶם בַּמַּעַשְׂרוֹת וּבַשְּׁבִיעִית, וְרַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל פּוֹטֵר. רַבָּן ...
kouty's user avatar
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5 votes

What does Avot 6:6 mean when it invokes redemption?

Based on R' Samson Raphael Hirsch's commentary on Shemot 6:2-5 and his citation there of Isaiah 52:6, I'd like to suggest that the ultimate Redemption can be identified with attribution of God as the ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
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5 votes

What does Avot 6:6 mean when it invokes redemption?

Tora T'mima to Ester 2:22 (note 44) explains that the intent is obvious: From anything said in the name of its sayer, it's possible that over time some honorable matter will come about that one ...
msh210's user avatar
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5 votes

Who is the author of the 5th parek of pirkei avot?

R. David Zvi Hoffman has a fascinating monograph called HaMishnah HaRishonah uFelugta deTannai, in which he traces the development of various mishnayot, from their earliest forms to what we have today....
Joel K's user avatar
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Why does Hillel's teachings change to Aramaic in Ethics of the Fathers?

SEE TOSFOS YOM_TOV on this mishnah HERE. והא דאמר בלשון תרגום עיין סוף מכילתין: - See my comments on 5:22 for why this mishna uses Aramaic. He sends to his comments HERE הפוך בה והפוך בה וכו' ...
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5 votes
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Pirkei Avos- how does a sieve retain the fine flour?

Bartenura explains that the desired fine flour is actually coarser than the unwanted dust-like particles which are removed via the sifting process. (The bran is removed prior to this stage.)
Joel K's user avatar
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5 votes

Who are the Elders in the beginning of Avot

See mefarshim, e.g. Yachin: הן השופטים שאחר יהושע:‏ The elders: The judges after Yehoshua. שעלי השופט האחרון מסר לשמואל ראש הנביאים.‏ Eli (Hakohen), the last judge, transmitted to Shmuel, the first ...
kouty's user avatar
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5 votes
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If Elozor ben Aruch's teaching includes all the others why is he not the בּוֹר סוּד? Avos 2(8 &9)

Elozor ben Aruch's teaching includes all that the others said; so he should be the בּוֹר סוּד This statement is the source of your misunderstanding. A בּוֹר סוּד is one who regurgitates without ...
chessprogrammer's user avatar
5 votes
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Why does Rabbi Akiva in Avos 3:14 quote Genesis 9:6 and not Genesis 1:27?

In the Yachin UVoaz commentary it writes: שאמר הקב"ה כן לנח, וגלה לו יקרת האדם, וזה מעיד על גודל החבה, עד שמודיעו שמחבבו כל כך, [משא"כ הנך קראי דבראשית שנאמר נעשה אדם בצלמינו וכו', כי בצלם ...
Dov's user avatar
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5 votes

Uknei Lecha Chaveir- let the pen be your chavrusa

The Kav Hayashar, ch. 53 already wrote along those lines: "קנה לך חבר כמשמעו וגם רמז על הקולמוס יהיה לך חבר שתכתוב מה שתחדש..." Translation: "Keneh Lecha Chaver, in the plainest ...
Harel13's user avatar
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4 votes
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The 5th Commandment - Who should be financially supported first - children or parents?

His children. The Gemara shortly after the one you quoted makes note that one is not obligated to actively spend money in order to fulfill their chiyuv of kibbud av v'eim, and in the event that they ...
DonielF's user avatar
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4 votes

What are the different "versions" of Pirkei Avot?

(Leaving Pirkei deRabbi Eliezer to one side as I know little about it, but I believe, as other commenters have noted, that it is not related to Pirkei Avot.) The first 5 chapters of Pirkei Avot are ...
Joel K's user avatar
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4 votes
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Pirkei Avot 5:17 - Defining controversies for the sake of Heaven

The Tosfot Yom Tov here explains this very precisely in name of the Midrash Shmuel, itself in name of the R.I. Lirma: לא הזכיר צד שני של מחלוקת שהם משה ואהרון כמו שזכר בחלוקה ראשונה שני הצדדים לפי ...
kouty's user avatar
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4 votes
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Does the rule in Pirkei Avot 3:2 apply to evil governments?

Rav Chanania lived during the time of the Roman Empire and it was referred to as "the Evil Empire". In spite of that, the point that he was making was that any government no matter how tyrannical ...
sabbahillel's user avatar
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4 votes

Pursue shalom versus distance from wicked

When the person is intentionally wicked, there is no obligation to be concerned about keeping him away from aveiros. see Shach on YD 151:7 & biur Halacha (on mishna berurah) 608:2. And thus one ...
RibbisRabbiAndMore's user avatar

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