This question assumes that the Rishonim or Acharonim grappled with this question. Most were not aware of contemporary sources omitting this miracle, such that they would ask the question and answer it.
If you want, instead, a defense of the existence of the oil miracle, here are two.
That "II Maccabees is, as is well known, an abridgement of a five-book ...
The mefarshim on this portion of Navi (Targum, Rashi, Radak, etc.) explain that the man who died was actually Ovadiah (see Melachim Aleph 18). He was the man who kept 100 true prophets alive during their persecution by Jezebel. He hid them in 2 caves. He also provided for all of their physical needs. The cost of secretly supporting them, not only risked ...
Wikipedia brings the following quote from Rabbi Maimon, father of the Rambam:
"אין להקל בשום מנהג ואפילו מנהג קל. ויתחייב כל נכון לו עשות משתה ושמחה ומאכל, לפרסם הנס שעשה השם יתברך עמנו באותם הימים. ופשט המנהג לעשות סופגנין, בערבי אלספינג, והם הצפחיות בדבש, ובתרגום: האיסקריטין, והוא מנהג הקדמונים משום שהם קלויים בשמן, זכר לברכתו"
Aruch HaShulchan 265:12 & 265:13 discusses this. From what I understand the Gemara is talking about placing a bowl of water under the candle where it would be prohibited even from Erev Shabbos, however oil with water in a glass is no issue.
Orach Chaim 265:4 says that so long one has no intention that it is being done to extinguish the flame sooner it ...
They used a half of a lug of oil in each candle every night, in order that it would last through the longest night of the year (Menachos 88b). A lug is 6 egg volumes. An egg volume is disputed, but it's accepted to be either around 57 (R' Chaim Naeh) or 100 (Chazon Ish) mL.
So the volume per candle was about 172 or 294 mL, or about 1200 or 2050 mL total.
Logically, you've got to consider the reasons things are considered kitniyos: the item is used to make some kind of flour, the item is grown among chometz species, the item was historically confused with chometz in storage or preparation -- and sometimes, there's just a longstanding minhag that the item is kitniyos.
Sesame is considered kitniyos by every ...
הרואה שמן זית בחלום יצפה למאור תורה שנאמר (שמות כז, כ) ויקחו אליך שמן זית זך
ברכות נז א
Slightly less explicitly, since olive oil was directly associated with light back then:
אמר רב יהודה אורה זו תורה וכן הוא אומר (משלי ו, כג) כי נר מצוה ותורה אור
See also: http://wikivort.co.il/view.php?vort=1563
According to Shemirat Shabbat K'Hilchato as cited here, there is a leniency regarding oil, which is how Wikipedia describes this product:
Regarding applying hair cream on Shabbat, Shemirat Shabbat Kehilkhatah
writes that one may be lenient and apply hair oil, but only in small
quantities so that one should not come to squeeze it out of the hair.
CANOLA OIL from the Orthodox Union.
Canola oil, which is a form of rapeseed oil, should be considered kitniyot.
The Star-K (Baltimore Va'ad Hakashrus also lists Canola Oil in its list of Kitniyos
CRC goes into the details as to why rapeseed oil (Canola oil) is considered kitniyos (based on Maharsham I:183 that it was used in Europe). Note that the CRC ...
R Binyanim Tabadi was asked this question by someone who ate one spoon of olive oil every day, enjoyed it and wanted to know whether to make a blessing in light of the gemara you quote. He answered as follows (see here for the full Hebrew response - second question on the right)
There is a dispute amongst rishonim on the proper blessing. The Rambam ...
שלא יסוך זר בשמן המשחה - שלא למשח בשמן המשחה שעשה משה אלא כהנים לבד. שנאמר (שמות ל לב) על בשר אדם לא ייסך. ונתבאר בכתוב שמי שמשח (שנמשח) בו במזיד, חיב כרת, שנאמר (שם לג) ואשר יתן ממנו על זר ונכרת. ואם נמשח בו בשוגג, חיב חטאת קבועה. כלומר, שאין חלוק בו בין הדל והעשיר אלא דבר קבוע הוא לכל.
To not rub a foreigner (layman) with anointing oil: To ...
The Malbim mentions it.
,כי אם אסוך שמן: ופי' חכמינו זכרונם לברכה שעובדיה היה מדליק תמיד שמן לבני הנביאים אשר בלילה לא יכבה נרם, ראוי שיהיה נס בשמן:
Interestingly enough, he quotes "Chazal" but I see nobody else mentioning it.
People have told me soaking it in ammonia also works. I soaked my oil glasses in ammonia for a couple of days and it worked pretty well. I did keep it outside while I was soaking it because of the smell and because I have little kids around.
The Sefer Shalal Rav brings many answers such as that rule only applying while the Mizbeach was functional.
Another very clever answer he brings (which seems to me to be the best one) is that Rav holds (See top of Pesachim 17a-רב משקי בית מטבחיא תני, אבל משקי בי מדבחיא מטמא with Rashi D"H Midi Hu- משקה המטבחים דם ומים אבל משקה מדבחיא היין והשמן שהם משקה ...
According to the Beis Yosef in siman 671 they needed to go through the tahara process of para aduma which took seven days and one more for the oil making. He also brings the Ran who says the oil refinery was 4 days travel away. Four there, four back, there's eight days for you.
Don't forget that they were fresh from fighting a war. They had to purify themselves from the tum'as meis. They also had to make sure that everything was done in taharah.
Also the pressing had to be only the first squeezing (without pressure) of the olives. It is not quite as simple as it seems.
Rabbbi Michael Taubes in a YU shiur “Berachot on Worldly Pleasures” quotes the Ramban (Chidushei HaRamban to Berachot Chapter 8, s.v. nireh li) who writes that the benefit has to be from something which enters into the body; this is why no berachah, he says, is recited over things like a cool, refreshing shower, a nice hot bath or a pleasant breeze, even ...
The olive oil we get in the store is not really pure olive oil, as such it has nothing to do with that Gemara. Our "pure extra virgin olive oil" is roughly 30% real olive oil, the rest is made up of other cheaper oils or processed to change the natural taste of the oil.
See here and here for starters, but this seems to be a well documented fact.
In fact, ...
Rambam (Hilchot Megillah u'Chanukah, ch 3) states that we celebrate the military victory and the re-institution of Jewish sovereignty in Israel. We celebrate for 8 days because the oil burned that long.
Another answer is offered by Netziv (Shemos 25:6), who says that these specific things are mentioned here because they need to be specially purchased and are very expensive:
ובזה נתיישב הא שמונה הכתוב ״שמן למאור בשמים לשמן המשחה ולקטורת הסמים״ בכלל מעשה המשכן יותר מחיטים לסולת המנחות או בהמות לקרבן תמידים, וכן מפורש במעשה המשכן שעשה בצלאל את לחם הפנים, וא״...
Rabbi Eliezer Melamed "peninei Halakha:Pesach
6. Kitniyot That Never Touched Water and Kitniyot Oils
We are not stricter with kitniyot than we are with the five cereal grains, so whatever is acceptable regarding these grains is kosher for kitniyot, too. Thus, kitniyot that have not come into contact with water, or that have come into contact with water but ...
The following is the suggested explanation of Professor David Berger as to why the miracle is not mentioned in either Book of Maccabees or Al Hanissim. (Here is a link to the article on Hirhurim but I think it originally appeared elsewhere, though I can't find it at the moment.)
This question has disturbed many religious Jews. In 1969, a student at Yeshiva ...
Note that in I Shmuel 10:1
וַיִּקַּח שְׁמוּאֵל אֶת פַּךְ הַשֶּׁמֶן וַיִּצֹק עַל רֹאשׁוֹ
וַיִּשָּׁקֵהוּ וַיֹּאמֶר הֲלוֹא כִּי מְשָׁחֲךָ יְהֹוָה עַל נַחֲלָתוֹ
And Samuel took the vial of oil, and poured it on his head, and kissed
him. And he said, "Indeed, the Lord has anointed you to be a ruler
over His inheritance.
This implies ...
Because Mohiach ben Yosef will be anointed/assigned to war [of Gog uMagog] (as one is said to be in Rashi's comment to Dt 20:2).
That is stated in Bet Hamidrash 6:96 (seven lines from the bottom):
...אף לעתיד לבא משוח מלחמה עתיד לעמוד מיוסף, ומשוח העומד מיהודה קשה
ממנו, שנאמר (זכריה י') וגברתי את בית יהודה .