16

Yes, several subsequent Jewish authorities criticized Maimonides, either for his general approach or for specific statements. A few examples: Nachmanides in his commentary to Genesis 18:1 criticizes Maimmonides's non-literal interpretations of certain Biblical incidents: But such words contradict Scripture. It is forbidden to listen to them, all the more ...


11

By way of background, I am a Karaite Jew (from an actual Karaite family). I run a Karaite Jewish blog (ABlueThread.com); and I actually have an entire article on this topic. See my post here: http://wp.me/p43Sek-sm And here is an explanatory video: http://youtu.be/gARsacJ5oWs?t=2m To Summarize: Karaites require completely cutting of all four signs (two ...


9

According to the appendix of Karaite Judaism and Historical Understanding by Fred Astren, they echo the idea of a train of tradition from Moses through to the rabbis. This is their chain Moses received the Torah from Sinai, and transmitted it to Joshua, and Joshua to the elders, and the elders to the prophets. The prophets transmitted it to the men of the ...


7

I believe that the work you are referring to is Chizuk Emunah, "Faith Strengthened" by Isaac Troki, it is my recollection that this was relatively well received in traditional circles as well.


7

The simplest answer would probably be that they only reject the specific Oral Torah of Rabbinic Judaism; they don't reject interpretation altogether. This is essentially what R. David Ibn Zimra writes in his responsum about Karaite Torah scrolls: Shu"t Radvaz 2:774 ואני שאלתי את פי הגדול שבהם והוא בקי בכ"ד ספרים על עניינים הרבה שאינם מפורשים בתורה ...


7

See Rabbi Samson Refael Hirsch, in his Nineteen Letters, letter 18. He criticizes the rational approach of Maimonides, but without mentioning him by name: he sought to reconcile Judaism with the difficulties which confronted it from without, instead of developing it creatively from within, for all the good and the evil which bless and afflict the heritage ...


7

Well, I have time now to gather together the sources. As I said, the answer is, somewhat humorously, "machloket" (dispute), which just goes to show you that Karaites, in the end, are Jews like any other sort of Jew... :D Here's what Rabbi Bernard Revel wrote on the matter in his book "The Karaite Halaka": "The question of the origin ...


6

Rashbam has an interpretation that appears to be the same as a Karaite interpretation. The verse in Exodus 13:9 states: וְהָיָה לְךָ לְאוֹת עַל יָדְךָ וּלְזִכָּרוֹן בֵּין עֵינֶיךָ לְמַעַן תִּהְיֶה תּוֹרַת ה' בְּפִיךָ כִּי בְּיָד חֲזָקָה הוֹצִאֲךָ יְהוָה מִמִּצְרָיִם And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thy hand, and for a memorial ...


5

They do. You can see in the Karaite Jews of America website that they celebrate Purim on a similar date (though in Adar I in leap years).


5

Traditionally Karaites have not celebrated Hanukkah. (sources). In modern times, assimilation being what it is, there are undoubtedly some who do, but it's not on the Karaite calendar. The Karaites had two main objections: The Rabbis did not have the authority to establish a holiday (Purim is different, you can read about the karaite take on that here). ...


5

Having grown up in Egypt till I was forced out at age 18, I can offer a personal perspective. There was a large Karaite community there, with its own parallel institutions and synagogues. They were harassed, expropriated, jailed and expelled by the regime, same as the rest of us Jews. Their feelings for Israel were as strong as ours. They went to the ...


5

Karaites do indeed believe in the coming of the Messiah. In 15th-century Turkey, their Sage Eliahu ben Moshe Bashyazi laid down ten "principles of faith" which look remarkably like the Rambam's 13 principles, the ikkarim. The tenth is: God does not despise those living in exile. On the contrary, He desires to purify them through their sufferings, and ...


5

I am a Karaite Jew (studied in and raised in the Karaite tradition). No, historically, the Karaites had no concept of the 39 melachot. In short, melacha is a word that is not defined in the Torah. The general karaite view is that words that are not defined are common words and are words that were known at the time of the torah. So, melacha - being a "...


5

[I apologize that the answer came out so long. It's a complex subject in my opinion, and so a lot of ground needed to be covered]. I have been thinking about this question for several days now. I was trying to decide whether the answer should be a really easy one, for the impracticality of the halacha of early Karaites (which, for this exact reason, is not ...


4

In As it is Written: A Brief Case for Karaism we have the following description of shechitah: To attempt to prove the existence of the Oral Law the students of the Talmud often quote Deuteronomy 12:21, which states, "...then you shall kill of your herd and your flock, which YHWH has given you, as I have commanded you..." The Rabbis claim that the phrase "...


4

Rav Moshe in his Igros Moshe Even Haezer 2:17 writes one cannothat pray in a conservative temple and one shouldn't even attendo a wedding that takes place there. The karites are kofrim in regards to the oral Torah see the Rambam in hilchos Tshuvah (however,see Hilchos Mamarim 3:3 where he considers them tinok shinisbos). In his tshuvos he writes that ...


4

Well, it depends who you ask. Rabbi Avraham de Cologna wrote a kuntress about Karaites, called "Kara Ha'gever". In it, he explains about the history and beliefs of the Karaites. According to him, the Karaites are the spiritual descendants of the Sadducees: "...ומאז יצאו אלה כתות הארורות של מינים, ויקראו בארץ מצרים ובקוסטאנדינא ובקרימאה ובליטא ...


4

Simply - this is the sign that the Pharisees were the ones with the correct tradition of the Torah. HaShem promised in our precious Torah that he would maintain the covenant he made with the forefathers with those that would listen to his laws, observing them and performing them. The Pharisees and their adherents did so, so they were preserved. The others ...


4

Rabbi Yaakov Emden was so incensed by what was written in the Moreh Nevuchim that he refused to believe the Rambam wrote it. He says anyone who claims Rambam wrote it is a liar. In particular he points out Rambam's innovative ideas mixed with non jewish theology about the miracles mentioned in Torah and Neviim and the Merkava. אך לבעל ספר מורה נבוכים לא ...


4

I am a Karaite jew (from a Karaite family, raised in a Karaite community). I just posted a video introducing the Karaite liturgy and how it is composed. You can watch it here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jrR6THBLhSA To answer your specific questions - yes, the modern siddur does have certain rabbinic influences. The reason for that is that the compiler ...


4

From this image on the website of the World Karaite Organization, it seems that each side has two cords: one white and one blue. Based on this video, it looks like each cord is made up of four strings, much like the rabbinical tzitzit. For more info on the subject and process: http://www.theancientsblue.com/tying-tzitziot.html https://yehuditrose.com/seeing-...


3

HebrewBooks has a very old copy online.


3

As I commented, this happens all the time. A good resource that mentions more of these occurrences (including when Chazal may agree with Karaite interpretations) is Rabbi Josh Waxman's Parshablog. Here is an example from last week, where Ibn Ezra agrees with the Karaites against other mefarshim (and Chazal) in interpreting what לזנות בית אביה (Devarim 22:...


3

It's difficult to know, since there are few historical sources on the topic. However, it's possible that the answer lies to some extent on the dependence of the Sadducees on the temple, and their popularity primarily among the upper classes. This would mean that after the Roman destruction of the temple, those involved with the temple as well as the formerly ...


3

Rashi (Megillah 3a) quotes his rabbi that the way of the Talmud is to make rhetorical suggestions in order to clarify things more. The context is the Talmud proposing multiple suggestions and rejecting them for the same reason. Once it knows the reason it known that the proposals cannot actually be true. Rather the purpose is pedagogical; using the process ...


3

Samaritans are not Jews. R Yosef Eisen at chabad.org explains why When the Assyrians exiled the Ten Tribes, the conquerors brought in a foreign people called Cutheans to populate the vacated territory. These people were idol-worshipers, and G‑d sent lions to decimate them. Out of fear of the lions, the Cutheans converted to Judaism, but the ...


3

The Hebrew word translated as "read" here is "קָ֣רָא" which doesn't only mean "read." In fact, if you look throughout the entire Tanakh, it about 95% of the time doesn't mean "read" but instead "called" or "proclaimed": https://biblehub.com/hebrew/kara_7121.htm Therefore, here it should be translated as (paraphrased) "there was not a word of all that Moses ...


3

It seems according to the Radvaz 1:73 that a man who wants to marry a Jewish woman who was previously a karaite and now accepts all the derabbanans is allowed. He held that their(karaites) kiddushin is not a kiddushin at all and the problem of mamzerut does not apply. He ends off saying that in Egypt they had a mass conversion of Karaites and they were ...


3

There are different groups of Karaites, and the general rule is that all opinions are accepted and are subject to equal scrutiny. To quote from Karaite Korner's FAQ section: https://www.karaite-korner.org/karaite_faq.shtml "If you interpret the Bible then don't you have your own Oral Law? No. An Oral Law would imply that we claim that a given set of ...


3

Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan has numerous book geared toward Kiruv. One of them has something to say about the Oral law. See "The Handbook of Jewish Thought" (Vol. 1). This author had a gift in explaining torah topics in all categories. As far as learning torah with the student, Pirkey Avos is very popular in kiruv as it is an easy read and you can use it as ...


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