13

The Rama rules in OC 558 that the prohibitions on wine and meat remain in force for only the night of 11 Av. The Mishna Berura (sk 4) notes that this is meant to be specific, and the other prohibitions do not apply immediately following the fast.


12

Aruch HaShulchan Orach Chayyim 551:11 (writing at the end of the nineteenth century CE) notes that two or three generations prior to his time the custom had changed (amongst the Jews of Lita) such that people wore shabbat clothes on Shabbat Chazon. He suggests that the reason for this change is that shabbat clothes had become noticeably different from ...


9

Aruch HaShulchan 551:11 ודע שאצלינו יש שנים או שלושה דורות שאין נוהגין כמנהג הזה בשבת חזון, אלא לובשין כל בגדי שבת. וגדולי הדור שהיו אז הנהיגו כן, באמרם שזהו כמראים אבילות בשבת בפרהסיא. It is important to note that for the past two or three generations we have not been following this minhag [of wearing weekday clothing] on Shabbos Chazon, ...


8

I was taught as a child to wear several sets of clothing one after another for a short period of time in the days prior to 1 Av, and I've encountered others who follow the same advice, though the time varies (half-hour, 1 hour, 2 hours). As I grew older and became responsible for my own time and personal hygiene, I began running into a problem of not having ...


8

Rabbi B'tzal'el Stern (B'tzel Hachochma volume 4 number 100) was asked whether a minor's siyum exempts an adult from taanis b'choros. He cites the Rambam (Hilchos Korban Pesach 5:7) as saying that someone who became an adult between Pesach and Pesach sheni need not offer the korban pesach sheni. The explanation of this Rambam is that, because the Torah says ...


7

The Aruch HaShulchan in OH 551:25 writes, after quoting the Ramo in the question: ומובן ממילא דבעיר גדולה שיש בה תמיד כמה חולאים וכמה יולדות, והרבה חלושי הבריאות – לא שייך להצניע הסכין "And it is understood automatically that in a big city where there always many sick people and many women who have given birth and many weak people -- it is not relevant to ...


7

Today's HalachaText said that clothing should be worn for at least 30 minutes. I asked them for a source and they said this number came from Rav Elyashiv Ztl. שוב מצאתי I was looking for something else in Rabbi Simcha Bunim Cohen's Laws of the Three Weeks, and found that he quotes Rav YS Elyashiv there as saying a half an hour (page 85); in a footnote he ...


7

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 551:17 says: טוב ליזהר מלומר שהחיינו בין המצרים על פרי או על מלבוש אבל על פדיון הבן אומר ולא יחמיץ המצוה It is good to avoid saying Shehechianu in the three weeks on a fruit or clothing, but on a Pidyon HaBen he says it and doesn't postpone the Mitzvah. The Magein Avraham (s.v. ולא יחמץ המצוה) quotes the Maharil as saying ...


7

Rabbi Shlomo Wahrman z"l in 1981 in his sefer She'erit Yosef vol. 2:4 answers in the affirmative, that a man may eat meat and drink wine at such a siyum.


7

The Birkei Yosef 551/6 brings those that permit it to be eaten. However, the Magen Avraham 551/26, Prei Megadim 551/26, Derech Hachaim 9, Mishneh Berurah 551/56 and the Aruch Hashulchan 551/24, write that it may not be eaten. I don't know about the minhag of the Sefradim.


6

Sefer HaToda'ah, authored by R' Eliyahu Ki Tov says in (part 2, page 374): ‫וכבר נתפשט המגהג שלא לאכול אפילו תבשיל שנתבשל‬ ‫בו בשר. אבל מותר לאכול תבשיל שיתבשל בקדרה של בשר.‬‏ The custom to not eat even a cooked item that has been cooked with meat has already become popular. But it is permissible to eat a cooked item that was cooked in a meat ...


6

The Shulchan Aruch (551:4) rules regarding both the case of Tisha b'Av on Saturday and Tisha b'Av on Sunday that there is no mourning period and some say (Yesh Omrim) that there is mourning the entire preceding week. Generally when the Shulchan Aruch quotes two opinions and only the latter is prefaced by 'some say', the halacha follows the former opinion (...


6

It seems that both reasons are applicable. See Rama in Shulchan Aruch 551:16 which says that bathing for pleasure is prohibited. See Shulchan Aruch 551:1 and 551:18 which says that when the month of av comes in the more one should be careful and then says later on that certain parts of the day are more dangerous(see Mishna Brurah on 551:18). The Medrash ...


6

Rabbi Daniel Neustat quotes the Yad Efrayim 551:31 and Divrei Yatziv 2:238 as permitting meat for a Seudas Bar Mitzvah on the day of the Bar Mitvzah. However, for this and all Seudas Mitzvah dispensations, if it is during the week that Tisha B'av falls out, only a minyan plus close relatives may partake of the meat and wine (Mishnah Berurah 551:77). Sha'ar ...


6

Rav Eliyashiv (Ashrei Ha'ish 69:12) held that a katan who makes a siyum and makes a celebratory meal is not considered a seudas mitzvah which would permit one to have meat and wine.


6

The Aruch Hashulchan 551:28 writes: ודע שיש שמניחים הסיום מסכת על ימים אלו, כדי לאכול בשר. ודבר מכוער הוא, דאף על גב דבמועד קטן (ט א) מוכח דמותר לשייר מקצת הגמר לסיום מצוה, כדאיתא שם בבניין בית המקדש עיין שם, מכל מקום להניח לכתחילה בשביל אכילת בשר – לא נאה ולא יאה.‏ ויש שלומדים לכתחלה מסכת כדי לעשות סיום בימים אלו, ודבר זה אפשר, כדי לעשות ...


5

Supplementing, not supplanting, SethJ's good answer, I've known people to put their clothes on the floor and tread on them. Note, however, that I do not know about the halachic status of this action (whether it suffices for these purposes).


5

The book שערי נחמה (page נ"ה section ט) says the following verses are the ones which are read in regular (non-sad) trop, according to the custom of the yeshivot (the ashkenazi ones, I assume) in Eretz Yisrael: verse 1 verses 16 to 19 verses 24 to 27 All other verses are read in sad trop.


5

R. Yitzchak Abadi discusses this in a responsum: Ohr Yitzchak 1:219 ואגב דעסקינן ברחיצה לא אוכל להתאפק מלהעיר על מנהג של הרבה אנשים אשר לא מתרחצים מר"ח אב עד העשירי בו וחושבים שלרחוץ הוא איסור גמור וגורמים בזה לנזקי שכנים וחלול ה' העולה על כולנה כי למרבה הצער בימים אלה החום גובר והזיעה מתרבה והריח נודף וא"א לעמוד גם מחוץ לד' אמותיהם ולפעמים מתכנסים ...


5

1) No R' Shlomo Aviner takes a strict approach and writes unequivocally that the answer is no (#17 from the top). סטנדאפ בבין המצרים ש: מותר ללכת למופע סטנדאפ? Standup during the 3 weeks: Q: Is one allowed to go to a standup show? ת: ודאי אסור. אסור כל השנה בגלל מושב ליצים. ע"ז יח ב. קל וחומר בין המצרים A: Definitely forbidden. [Going ...


5

The Rama writes meat and wine by a seudas mitzvah davka and the food can only be eaten in the room of the siyum(Mishna Brurah 551:75).It seems that meat and wine are the only exception and it only applies during the seudah,not the rest of the day. It should be noted that planning a siyum to davka come out during the nine days is not so pashut,even though ...


5

These questions are dealt with here: The Shulchan Aruch (OC 551:9) writes that one mustn’t eat meat or drink wine during the nine days. The Rema (OC 551:10) adds that if one has a seudas mitzva during this time then one may partake of wine and meat as such celebrations are incomplete without them. This includes Shabbos meals, a bris seuda, a pidyon haben, ...


5

If you see the Mishna Brurah in Siman 552 he writes that's from the din of gemara,but regarding minhag its assur from Rosh Chodesh


5

The source for those who begin one verse earlier is the Eishel Abraham of Butatach (Siman 138) who explains that this is because the custom is to chant the verse "Eicha Esa Levadi" in the same tune as Megillas Eicha and it is therefore considered a "tochecha" (reproach) and we do not begin an Aliyah negatively. See also the Likutey Maharich (3:52:1) who ...


5

The Shaarei Teshuva (OC 556) quotes those who require the ill person to recite Havadala "right away after Shabbat", though as Rav Ovadia Yosef (Yechavveh Daat 3:40) explains while citing many sources, this means as soon as they need to eat NOT right away on Saturday night if they can last until later in the day. This is indeed how Rav Yosef rules.


5

In all likelihood this is not allowed. See shulchan aruch siman 551 siff 7. The Shulchan Aruch mentions an that one is not allowed to be misaken ( you'll soon see why I'm not translating this) new clothes or shoes from rosh chodesh Av. The Ramma adds that we allow non Jewish workers to be misaken the items during the nine days so that they will be ready ...


5

The Shulhan Arukh (OH 551:4) writes that one may cut hair and launder immediately following the fast, but it is a good custom to avoid meat and wine on the 10th (558:1). R. Yitshak Yosef writes in Yalkut Yosef (OH: Od M'minhagei Yom Tish'a B'av 4-5) that it is a proper custom to refrain from meat and wine the night of the 10th of Av (i.e. the night ...


5

The Aruch HaShulchan here writes negatively about intentionally planning a siyum during the Nine Days for the sole purpose of eating meat. A siyum in a hotel/restaurant is discussed in Rav Shmuel Kamenetsky's Kovetz Halachos [below]. He finds it halachically difficult to explain this practice, however once people do this, one should not object.


4

The Kaf Hachaim OC 551 sk 152, following the psak of Maran, notes the common custom among Sephardim is not to have any qualms about drinking wine at Havdalah during the nine days.


4

An oral ruling of Rabbi Moshe Feinstein (recorded in Moadei Yeshurun pg 131 paragraph 8) states: One who extends the observance of Shabbos by accepting it earlier on Friday or keeping it longer Saturday night, may eat meat and drink wine or grape juice during the extended period. The footnote there (#62) references the oral ruling as well as one of Rabbi ...


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