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"Not in Heaven" means that Halachic decisions are not given by Heaven. If a prophet claims a prophecy dictating a Halachic decision we would not accept his prophecy. If his prophetic instructions are anything else then it would be binding on the Sanhedrin as much as on anyone else.


To determine wether one is a prophet we must first define our terms. What exactly is a prophet? In essence, prophecy is solely based on the acquired intellect. Prophecy, according to the Rambam is specified by intelligence. Knowledge is key and is, therefore, the pre-request for prophecy. This includes the investigation into metaphysics, philosophy, and ...


This is elaborated in Mishneh Torah, Hilchot Yesodei HaTorah, Chapters 7 and 8. The primary idea is that the Prophet is of outstanding character and meets all the pre-requisites listed by Rambam. Interestingly enough, Rambam mentions that if a Prophet is sent to communicate to someone or a group, it is the intended recipient who is to judge the veracity of ...

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