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"Not in Heaven" means that Halachic decisions are not given by Heaven. If a prophet claims a prophecy dictating a Halachic decision we would not accept his prophecy. If his prophetic instructions are anything else then it would be binding on the Sanhedrin as much as on anyone else.


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To determine wether one is a prophet we must first define our terms. What exactly is a prophet? In essence, prophecy is solely based on the acquired intellect. Prophecy, according to the Rambam is specified by intelligence. Knowledge is key and is, therefore, the pre-request for prophecy. This includes the investigation into metaphysics, philosophy, and ...


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This is elaborated in Mishneh Torah, Hilchot Yesodei HaTorah, Chapters 7 and 8. The primary idea is that the Prophet is of outstanding character and meets all the pre-requisites listed by Rambam. Interestingly enough, Rambam mentions that if a Prophet is sent to communicate to someone or a group, it is the intended recipient who is to judge the veracity of ...


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