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11

The Rambam writes that the death of the High Priest distracts the mourners from seeking vengeance on the possible killer in the city of refuge: The chance of returning from the exile depends on the death of [the high-priest], the most honoured of men, and the friend of all Israel. By his death the relative of the slain person becomes reconciled; for it is a ...


5

No, goodness no. Rambam finishes Ch. 15 of Laws of High Courts and their Punishments with the complete list of sins that theoretically warrant the death penalty, and it's not on there. Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, Igros Moshe OC4:117 (addressing "Mr. ABC"), says its punishment is less than kares, which itself is less than court-conducted capital punishment. "As ...


4

TLDR: No. Rambam, Hil. Retzichah 1:2-3 writes: מִצְוָה בְּיַד גּוֹאֵל הַדָּם [לַהֲרֹג אֶת הָרוֹצֵחַ] שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (במדבר לה יט) "גֹּאֵל הַדָּם הוּא יָמִית אֶת הָרֹצֵחַ". וְכָל הָרָאוּי לִירֻשָּׁה הוּא גּוֹאֵל הַדָּם. לֹא רָצָה גּוֹאֵל הַדָּם אוֹ שֶׁלֹּא הָיָה יָכוֹל לַהֲמִיתוֹ אוֹ שֶׁאֵין לוֹ גּוֹאֵל דָּם בֵּית דִּין מְמִיתִין אֶת הָרוֹצֵחַ בְּסַיִף: ...


3

Here are some relevant sources on the topic. It's a start for an answer. Hopefully I'll find more as time progresses. Nishmas Avraham IV 425:1:30 by Rabbi Dr. Avraham Sofer Avraham (1935-) brings a responsum from the Tzitz Eliezer XX 2:4 by Rav Eliezer Waldenberg (1915-2006) regarding a woman who has quadruplets, and the doctors determine that if they don't ...


3

You should note that the previous verses give the halacha of both the intentional murderer and the accidental murderer. The pesukim also give the halacha that one cannot attempt to pardon a murderer (intentional or accidental) from the appropriate punishment. Ms'ei 35:31-32 31 You shall not accept ransom for the life of a murderer, who is guilty of ...


2

What you're saying is theoretically true, but there's no contradiction. It's not so much a mistranslation as an incomplete one. Direct translation minus the explanation can be misleading. First off, remember that even a negligent murderer can be killed, by the "blood redeemers" i.e. members of the victims family, as a result of his crime. He is given the ...


1

When gedalai was told that someone was planing o killing him, Gedalia ignored it. He said oy, Lashon Hara, But it was letoelet. Many men died because of Gedalia's foolish actions. The people who died are considered to be on his head. That is why the passuk says these men who gedalia killed.{rashi, Mtzudat david}


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