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13

He stays in his Ir Miklat, in all cases even to save a life, as the Rambam explains in Hilchot Rotzeach uShmirat Nefesh 7:8 A person who was exiled to a city of refuge should never leave his city of refuge, not even to perform a mitzvah or to deliver testimony - neither testimony involving monetary matters, nor testimony involving a capital case. He ...


8

Mishna Sanhedrin 8.6 [A thief] who comes through a tunnel [into one's house] is judged on the basis of his end. If he came through a tunnel and broke a jug: if he has blood-guilt, he is liable; if he does not have blood-guilt, he is exempt. Rambam comment הבא במחתרת נדון על שם סופו היה בא כו': וכן הבא במחתרת ידוע הוא שכונתו שאם יעמוד בעל הבית להציל ...


4

TLDR: No. Rambam, Hil. Retzichah 1:2-3 writes: מִצְוָה בְּיַד גּוֹאֵל הַדָּם [לַהֲרֹג אֶת הָרוֹצֵחַ] שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (במדבר לה יט) "גֹּאֵל הַדָּם הוּא יָמִית אֶת הָרֹצֵחַ". וְכָל הָרָאוּי לִירֻשָּׁה הוּא גּוֹאֵל הַדָּם. לֹא רָצָה גּוֹאֵל הַדָּם אוֹ שֶׁלֹּא הָיָה יָכוֹל לַהֲמִיתוֹ אוֹ שֶׁאֵין לוֹ גּוֹאֵל דָּם בֵּית דִּין מְמִיתִין אֶת הָרוֹצֵחַ בְּסַיִף: ...


4

The definition you present for svara is incorrect; it is not arguable. Mahartz Chayus (Mavo Hatalmud, Ch. 4) states and proves that svara has the same status as the aforementioned methods. Therefore, the svara presented in the Talmud cannot be argued upon as you propose and wouldn't leave any room for questioning (ie we have an explicit source). עוד יש ...


2

The svara is explained in several tosfotim in Shas, e.g. in Yevamot 53b, explaining the Gemara in Sanhedrin. When one of two men would be killed anyways, and the one of them has a choice to make a criminal act to kill the second man or to do nothing and be killed, we have a svara. His own life isn't more valuable than the life of the second man. So, to make ...


2

Rashi, Radak and Metzudat David to Hoshea' 1:4 all explain that Yehu was supposed to wipe out Achav and his house due to their sins of idolatory. Once Yehu and his descendants also began to serve idols, G-d no longer treated Yehu's killing of Achav's house as a meritorious act, but instead as shedding innocent blood. Malbim has a slightly different ...


2

You read Midrash Tanchuma (Buber edition) Vayikra 28,1 which says the King of Moav killed Dovid's parents and brothers except Elihu his brother. ויסע משם אברהם. כתיב רעך ורע אביך וגו' (משלי כז י), זה חנון בן נחש מלך בני עמון, שנאמר ויהי אחרי כן וימת (נחש) מלך בני עמון וגו' (ש"ב י א), ויאמר דוד אעשה חסד עם חנון בן נחש וגו' (שם שם ב), אמר ר' ברכיה בשם ר' ...


1

Rambam, Hil. Yesodei HaTorah 5:5: וְכֵן אִם אָמְרוּ לָהֶם עוֹבְדֵי כּוֹכָבִים תְּנוּ לָנוּ אֶחָד מִכֶּם וְנַהַרְגֶּנּוּ וְאִם לָאו נַהֲרֹג כֻּלְּכֶם. יֵהָרְגוּ כֻּלָּם וְאַל יִמְסְרוּ לָהֶם נֶפֶשׁ אַחַת מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל. וְאִם יִחֲדוּהוּ לָהֶם וְאָמְרוּ תְּנוּ לָנוּ פְּלוֹנִי אוֹ נַהֲרֹג אֶת כֻּלְּכֶם. אִם הָיָה מְחֻיָּב מִיתָה כְּשֶׁבַע בֶּן בִּכְרִי ...


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