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17 votes

Is there a teaching that states, those who work deserve to be paid?

Wages must be paid to an employee, and paid on time: Vayikra 19:13: לֹֽא־תַעֲשֹׁ֥ק אֶת־רֵֽעֲךָ֖ וְלֹ֣א תִגְזֹ֑ל לֹֽא־תָלִ֞ין פְּעֻלַּ֥ת שָׂכִ֛יר אִתְּךָ֖ עַד־בֹּֽקֶר׃ You shall not defraud your ...
Joel K's user avatar
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13 votes

If shemittah passed, is it still honorable to repay a debt?

Mishnah Shevi'it 10:9: הַמַּחֲזִיר חוֹב בַּשְּׁבִיעִית, רוּחַ חֲכָמִים נוֹחָה מִמֶּנּוּ. One who repays his debts after the seventh year, the sages are pleased with him.
Joel K's user avatar
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12 votes

Who is rich in matters of courtship?

See the Talmud’s elaboration on 49b: על מנת שאני עשיר אין אומרים כרבי אלעזר בן חרסום וכרבי אלעזר בן עזריה אלא כל שבני עירו מכבדים אותו מפני עושרו ‘On condition that I am wealthy,’ we do not say, ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 49.5k
10 votes

Is there a source for not counting your money?

On the verse (Ex. 30:12) כִּ֣י תִשָּׂ֞א אֶת־רֹ֥אשׁ בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֘ל לִפְקֻדֵיהֶם֒ וְנָ֨תְנ֜וּ אִ֣ישׁ כֹּ֧פֶר נַפְשׁ֛וֹ לַיהוָ֖ה בִּפְקֹ֣ד אֹתָ֑ם וְלֹא־יִהְיֶ֥ה בָהֶ֛ם נֶ֖גֶף בִּפְקֹ֥ד אֹתָֽם׃ ...
Oliver's user avatar
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10 votes
Accepted

What happens to the debts after Shmitat Ksafim?

Summary The answers to both of your questions (1. Does shemitat kesafim annul the loan, or merely forbid the lender from claiming? and 2. Does shemitat kesafim happen automatically?) would appear to ...
Joel K's user avatar
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9 votes
Accepted

How come the Rambam forbids picking up money found in the street?

The Taz in CM 262/6 asks your question. He gives two answers: The Rambam is talking about where we know he did not despair, such as when we heard him say something to indicate he thought it was in ...
פרי זהב's user avatar
8 votes

Is there a source for not counting your money?

The Gemoro Bovo Metzia 42a has a passage that is reminiscent of your question. R. Isaac also said: A blessing is found only in what is hidden from the eye,5 for it is written, "The Lord shall ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

Does wealth cause spiritual difficulties?

Both wealth and poverty are tests and pose different difficulties. שָׁ֤וְא ׀ וּֽדְבַר־כָּזָ֡ב הַרְחֵ֬ק מִמֶּ֗נִּי רֵ֣אשׁ וָ֭עֹשֶׁר אַל־תִּֽתֶּן־לִ֑י הַ֝טְרִיפֵ֗נִי לֶ֣חֶם חֻקִּֽי׃ פֶּ֥ן ...
b a's user avatar
  • 24.8k
8 votes
Accepted

Talents during the time of Achasverous

Jewish Encyclopedia writes a heavy talent was 60 kilograms, a light talent 30 kilograms, and there's an opinion (very bottom) it is 20 kilograms. 10,000 talents would then be between 200-600 tons of ...
mbloch's user avatar
  • 52.8k
8 votes
Accepted

Using a siddur to Daven from in a seforim store

No. One who borrows an item without permission from the owner is conidered a gazlan (שואל שלא מדעת גזלן), and like all cases of stealing, must return the item (והשיב את הגזילה אשר גזל). He is not ...
chortkov2's user avatar
  • 9,547
8 votes

Do the Sources include any halacha on insurance companies?

Two beraitot quoted in Bava Kamma 116b discuss forms of mutual insurance: רשאין החמרין להתנות שכל מי שיאבד לו חמורו יעמיד לו חמור אחר בכוסיא אין מעמידין שלא בכוסיא מעמידין לו ואם אמר תנו לי ואני ...
Joel K's user avatar
  • 43.7k
7 votes

Status of Paper Money as Currency

Chatam Sofer Yoreh De'ah 134 writes pretty definitively that paper money is considered money for virtually all purposes: אבל גדר המטבע הוא שגזר המלך עליו שתצא ומי שממאן מלמכר וליקח באותו המטבע ...
Joel K's user avatar
  • 43.7k
7 votes

Jewish view on how does one become rich?

A few Talmudic sources (which are open to interpretation): BM (59a): (וא"ר) חלבו לעולם יהא אדם זהיר בכבוד אשתו שאין ברכה מצויה בתוך ביתו של אדם אלא בשביל אשתו שנאמר (בראשית יב, טז) ולאברם הטיב ...
Oliver's user avatar
  • 12k
7 votes
Accepted

Which region took the majority of wealth?

According to this post in the forum of Otzar Hachochmah, the Media version is the result of censorship and it should actually be Rome. And indeed, you can see the original version in the first printed ...
Harel13's user avatar
  • 25.8k
6 votes

Status of Paper Money as Currency

Rav Asher Weiss has a teshuvah about use of paper money for pidyon ha-ben. The basis for the question is that the Gemara (Bechoros 51a) states that one may not use shtaros for pidyon ha-ben because ...
wfb's user avatar
  • 14.5k
6 votes

Can a beis din rule in a case where they're biased?

Shulchan Arukh CM 7:12 כל דבר שיש לדיין בו צד הנאה אינו יכול לדון עליו Any matter that the judge has some benefit from, he is not allowed to judge it.
Double AA's user avatar
  • 99.5k
6 votes

Jewish view on how does one become rich?

This is discussed directly in the Talmud: Shabbos 119a בעא מיניה רבי מר' ישמעאל ברבי יוסי עשירים שבא"י במה הן זוכין א"ל בשביל שמעשרין שנאמר עשר תעשר עשר בשביל שתתעשר שבבבל במה הן זוכין א"ל בשביל ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 49.5k
6 votes

Jewish view on how does one become rich?

Sorry to spoil the party. Those answers represent the famous "availability bias" - they only bring the positive correlations and totally ignore the negative ones: Beitzah 16a: "כל מזונותיו של אדם ...
Al Berko's user avatar
  • 26k
6 votes

Does a convert retain his debts to Gentiles and to Jews?

Sefer Chassidim, 691: אע"פ שאמרו גר שנתגייר כקטן שנולד דמי מ"מ משלם מה שחייב לשלם Even though a convert is like a newly born child, nevertheless, he must pay his outstanding obligations. ...
IsraelReader's user avatar
  • 4,990
6 votes

Is there a rabinical ruling where coins that circulate decides who the legitimate king is?

To back up a few steps, per the comment's request. Governments have the right to tax. Check out I Samuel 8:11--17, and backing up to Deuteronomy, it says the king can't amass "too much gold and ...
Shalom's user avatar
  • 133k
5 votes

Eirichin & Nedarim

At face value, it would seem that the mitzvah of arachin is ‘powered’, so to speak, by nedarim. It is a pledge to pay one’s ‘eirech’ value, not unlike the neder one can make to donate one’s ‘damim’ ...
A.J.'s user avatar
  • 51
5 votes

The underlying reason for Shemitat Ksafim?

The Sefer Hachinuch in Mitzvah 477 says that the main reasons for this Mitzvah are in order to instill a sense of compassion in the person foregoing the loan, as well as to help train him to have more ...
Salmononius2's user avatar
  • 6,793
5 votes

Does a convert retain his debts to Gentiles and to Jews?

Rambam (Malveh Ve'Loveh 5:6): ישראל שלווה מעות מן הגוי ברבית וזקפן עליו בְּמִלְּוָה, ונתגייר, אם עד שלא נתגייר זקפן עליו במלוה, גובה את הקרן ואת הרבית. ואם משנתגייר זקפן, גובה את הקרן ואינו גובה את ...
IsraelReader's user avatar
  • 4,990
5 votes
Accepted

Can a Kohen refuse Pidyon Haben money

A Kohen has the ability to refuse to accept the money of the Pidyon Haben. However, the Pidyon Haben may take effect regardless. Ketzos HaChoshen (243:4) quotes Pri Chadash (Kuntras Mayim Chaim) that ...
chortkov2's user avatar
  • 9,547
4 votes

When can a wife use the money she owns or earns without her husband's permission?

A list of times where a woman can use money without husbands permission: A married woman can be given a present on condition that her husband has no ownership and then she should use the present for ...
user15464's user avatar
  • 11.5k
4 votes

A good book on Monetary system of the Torah and the Talmud?

The most modern book on Talmudic currencies is the second edition of D. Sperber's "Roman Palestine 200-400: Money and Prices." Sperber is an expert on rabbinic literature in its secular context, and ...
Argon's user avatar
  • 3,817
4 votes

Can I place cryptocurrency / stock buy or sell orders over Shabbos?

I do not see a difference between placing an order for stock or (crypto-)currency. Maybe the question arises because crypto-currency trades 24/24 7/7 unlike certain stocks. The question of putting in ...
mbloch's user avatar
  • 52.8k
4 votes

Can one invest in a Jewish-controlled company which performs work on Shabbas?

This is a good and difficult question that needs some introduction to those less familiar with the relevant laws. Skip to the line break below if you don't want the intro. A preview of the answer is ...
mbloch's user avatar
  • 52.8k
4 votes

What Jewish monetary laws defy common logic?

Compiling some answers from the comments to the OP (feel free to add more): If you ignite someone else’s property, you’re exempt from paying for anything which was hidden and damaged by the fire (BK ...
4 votes

When selling a house, what pieces of furniture go with it?

The Rambam (in Hilchot Mechira 25:5) brings the following halacha When a person sells a house, he also sells the oven, the range, the door frames that are attached with mortar, the door, the beam,...
mbloch's user avatar
  • 52.8k

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