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17 votes

Is there a teaching that states, those who work deserve to be paid?

Wages must be paid to an employee, and paid on time: Vayikra 19:13: לֹֽא־תַעֲשֹׁ֥ק אֶת־רֵֽעֲךָ֖ וְלֹ֣א תִגְזֹ֑ל לֹֽא־תָלִ֞ין פְּעֻלַּ֥ת שָׂכִ֛יר אִתְּךָ֖ עַד־בֹּֽקֶר׃ You shall not defraud your ...
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14 votes
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Chad Gadya: The price of a kid goat

A colleague of mine reminded me that there is actually a Gemara in Berachos 44b that describes a young healthy goat as a 'bar zuza', meaning it costs one zuz. He explained that although Chad Gadya ...
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14 votes
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Could a Jew join Medishare?

The first precept of Medishare's Membership Qualifications is "Christian Testimony," stating generally that All adult Members age 18 and older must attest to a personal relationship with the Lord ...
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13 votes

What is the problem with dogs?

There are a few explanations, all of which (except one) can be found by looking at the following commentaries on the verse cited in the question, Deut. 23:19: Ibn Ezra thought that dogs were simply ...
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13 votes

If shemittah passed, is it still honorable to repay a debt?

Mishnah Shevi'it 10:9: הַמַּחֲזִיר חוֹב בַּשְּׁבִיעִית, רוּחַ חֲכָמִים נוֹחָה מִמֶּנּוּ. One who repays his debts after the seventh year, the sages are pleased with him.
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12 votes

Who is rich in matters of courtship?

See the Talmud’s elaboration on 49b: על מנת שאני עשיר אין אומרים כרבי אלעזר בן חרסום וכרבי אלעזר בן עזריה אלא כל שבני עירו מכבדים אותו מפני עושרו ‘On condition that I am wealthy,’ we do not say, ...
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11 votes

Just how overpriced was Efron's burial cave anyway?

Based on a shiur by Rav Amnon Bazak at Yeshivat Har Etzion quoting the Arugas Habosem the amount paid by Avraham was enough to buy 2.4 million square Amos. In an extraordinary piece of arithmetic ...
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11 votes

Why did the Lubavitcher Rebbe give out dollars?

As explained here on chabad.org: The Rebbe, of righteous memory, stood for hours distributing dollars and blessings to thousands of people every Sunday, and on other occasions. The Rebbe’s intention ...
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10 votes

Lending Money and Inflation

The local currency is always considered to have a constant value. Any price changes are attributed to fluctuations in the value of the merchandise, and not to changes in the value of the currency. ...
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  • 7,420
10 votes

Kashrut with very costy salt?

See OU.org that broiling is an alternative method for Koshering meat. The Torah forbids the consumption of the blood of an animal. The two accepted methods of extracting blood from meat, a ...
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10 votes
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Kashrut with very costy salt?

First of all, meat can be eaten raw (unsalted, unroasted, un-anything, straight from the carcass) after just rinsing it (YD 67:2). Regarding salting, a non-trivial number of rabbinic authorities (...
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10 votes

Is there a source for not counting your money?

On the verse (Ex. 30:12) כִּ֣י תִשָּׂ֞א אֶת־רֹ֥אשׁ בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֘ל לִפְקֻדֵיהֶם֒ וְנָ֨תְנ֜וּ אִ֣ישׁ כֹּ֧פֶר נַפְשׁ֛וֹ לַיהוָ֖ה בִּפְקֹ֣ד אֹתָ֑ם וְלֹא־יִהְיֶ֥ה בָהֶ֛ם נֶ֖גֶף בִּפְקֹ֥ד אֹתָֽם׃ ...
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10 votes
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What happens to the debts after Shmitat Ksafim?

Summary The answers to both of your questions (1. Does shemitat kesafim annul the loan, or merely forbid the lender from claiming? and 2. Does shemitat kesafim happen automatically?) would appear to ...
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9 votes
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How come the Rambam forbids picking up money found in the street?

The Taz in CM 262/6 asks your question. He gives two answers: The Rambam is talking about where we know he did not despair, such as when we heard him say something to indicate he thought it was in ...
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8 votes
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Redeeming maaser sheini on paper money

See Chazon Ish (D’mai 3:12) proves that modern coins may be used even though they have no intrinsic value, and offers a possible explanation as to why that logic does not apply to paper money which ...
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8 votes
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Is One Obligated to Honor Parents if it Involves a Loss of Income?

Shulchan Aruch in Yoreh Deah siman 240 siff 5 says one is required to lose work in order to honor his parents, even though this will cause the child to end up needing to collect money for himself. ...
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8 votes
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Is the consequence for rape a small sum?

A biblical shekel is 768 p'ruta and fifty are thus 960 grams of silver. That's about US$459.27 today. As Double AA notes (in a comment on the question), though, that's just the fine: the rapist ...
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  • 73.5k
8 votes

Is the consequence for rape a small sum?

Fifty shekels was much more than it's silver content indicates - a worker's daily salary was somewhere between 1/2 and one dinar - fifty shekels was 200 dinars.
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8 votes
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Must you inform someone if you know you could save them from losing money?

According to R Tzvi Spitz in his book, Cases in Monetary Halacha, yes you do. He brings the following points Just as there is a mitzvah to return lost objects to their owner, so it is obligatory to ...
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8 votes

Is there a source for not counting your money?

The Gemoro Bovo Metzia 42a has a passage that is reminiscent of your question. R. Isaac also said: A blessing is found only in what is hidden from the eye,5 for it is written, "The Lord shall ...
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8 votes
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Does wealth cause spiritual difficulties?

Both wealth and poverty are tests and pose different difficulties. שָׁ֤וְא ׀ וּֽדְבַר־כָּזָ֡ב הַרְחֵ֬ק מִמֶּ֗נִּי רֵ֣אשׁ וָ֭עֹשֶׁר אַל־תִּֽתֶּן־לִ֑י הַ֝טְרִיפֵ֗נִי לֶ֣חֶם חֻקִּֽי׃ פֶּ֥ן ...
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8 votes
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Talents during the time of Achasverous

Jewish Encyclopedia writes a heavy talent was 60 kilograms, a light talent 30 kilograms, and there's an opinion (very bottom) it is 20 kilograms. 10,000 talents would then be between 200-600 tons of ...
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7 votes

Status of Paper Money as Currency

Chatam Sofer Yoreh De'ah 134 writes pretty definitively that paper money is considered money for virtually all purposes: אבל גדר המטבע הוא שגזר המלך עליו שתצא ומי שממאן מלמכר וליקח באותו המטבע ...
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7 votes
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Why is Shmita only Rabbinic nowadays?

Rambam Shemitta veYovel 10:10,12 משגלה שבט ראובן ושבט גד וחצי שבט מנשה, בטלו היובלות--שנאמר "וקראתם דרור בארץ, לכל יושביה", בזמן שכל יושביה עליה: והוא שלא יהיו מעורבין שבט בשבט, אלא כולן יושבים ...
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7 votes

Just how overpriced was Efron's burial cave anyway?

Rabbi Sorotzkin compares it to the 100 kesitah that Yaakov paid for the land in Shechem on which to settle himself, his family and his flocks. IIRC, Rabbi Sorotzkin says that a kesitah was a quarter ...
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7 votes
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If one is too poor to redeem one's son for 5 Shekel, can he do it for less or for free?

It's 5 Shekels. Period. If you don't have it you can't do the Mitzva just like if you were stuck somewhere on Sukkot without an Etrog. Sad, but that's the way it goes. (ShA YD 305:1,6) They cannot ...
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7 votes

Jewish view on how does one become rich?

A few Talmudic sources (which are open to interpretation): BM (59a): (וא"ר) חלבו לעולם יהא אדם זהיר בכבוד אשתו שאין ברכה מצויה בתוך ביתו של אדם אלא בשביל אשתו שנאמר (בראשית יב, טז) ולאברם הטיב ...
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7 votes
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Which region took the majority of wealth?

According to this post in the forum of Otzar Hachochmah, the Media version is the result of censorship and it should actually be Rome. And indeed, you can see the original version in the first printed ...
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  • 20.5k
7 votes
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Using a siddur to Daven from in a seforim store

No. One who borrows an item without permission from the owner is conidered a gazlan (שואל שלא מדעת גזלן), and like all cases of stealing, must return the item (והשיב את הגזילה אשר גזל). He is not ...
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