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It is pretty common in the Rambam for him to list as a "mitzvah" something that is really a category of rules: This is what happens when you put things in a mikveh. This is how to do a kosher divorce. It is interesting that the Sefer HaChinuch, who uses the Rambam's list as the basis for his discussions, invariably tries to find a way to violate (...


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Yes. It applies to all jews. The Shita mikubetzes kesubos 37b brings the Rama that says viahavta lereiacha camocha applies even to a rasha. The proof he brings is that we apply the pasuk to someone whose chayiv misa about to get killed. Rav Elchanan Wasserman also brings this proof. Even though the gemara in pesachim implies you have a mitzva to hate a rasha....


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It's not entirely clear from the gemara in Nedarim that the shevua actually works - the below is the Sefaria translation: מנין שנשבעין לקיים את המצוה שנאמר (תהילים קיט קו) נשבעתי ואקיימה לשמור משפטי צדקך From where is it derived that one may take an oath to fulfill a mitzva? It is as it is stated: “I have sworn and I have confirmed it, to observe Your ...


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See Ran in Nedarim in the Gemara you linked הכי הוה ליה למימר דנהי דאמעיטא מצוה מקרבן לא אמעיטא מבל יחל כדחזינן התם בפרק שבועות שתים בתרא (שבועות כה.) דמילתא דליתא בלאו והן אי נמי בלהבא דאמעיטא מקרבן מלהרע או להיטיב ולא אמעיטא ממלקות ולהא לא צריך קרא א״כ מאי קאמר שנאמר נשבעתי ואקיימה ומתרצינן אלא הא קמ״ל דשרי ליה לזרוזי נפשיה כלומר ודאי לא איצטריך האי קרא ...


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Its learned out from vayikra 19:3 that if your parents tell you to violate the Torah you have no obligation to listen to them. (Kiddushin 30b)


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Rambam in Moreh Nevuchim 3:34 writes as follows: IT is also important to note that the Law does not take into account exceptional circumstances; it is not based on conditions which rarely occur. Whatever the Law teaches, whether it be of an intellectual, a moral, or a practical character, is founded on that which is the rule and not on that which is the ...


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Rabbi Ben Zion Abba Shaul wrote that women and men taking care of children are exempt from tefillah due to being engaged with another mitzvah (עוסק במצוה פטור מן המצוה). As he writes in Or L'Zion 2:7:24, in the last paragraph of the footnotes: ‮ומכל מקום אשה הטופלת בילדים ועסוקה בכך כל היום ואין לה פנאי במשך היום להתפלל, פטורה לגמרי מן התפילה, שהרי היא ...


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