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1

There is an extended comment of the Rambam on this Mishnah of avot. But I want only note here, according to the explanation of Bartenura that the Mishna says almost exactly what chachamim say in Kiddushin. They say גדול התלמוד שמביא לידי מעשה. The Talmud is greater because it leads to action. So, with Talmud we don't leave the action, we reinforce the action....


11

Kiddushin 39b: רמי רב טובי בר רב קיסנא לרבא תנן כל העושה מצוה אחת מטיבין לו עשה אין לא עשה לא ורמינהי ישב ולא עבר עבירה נותנים לו שכר כעושה מצוה אמר ליה התם כגון שבא דבר עבירה לידו וניצול הימנה Rav Tuvi bar Rav Kisna raises a contradiction to Rava and asked: We learned in the mishna that anyone who performs one mitzva has goodness bestowed upon ...


8

The only real answer to this question can come from going through the list and finding a mishnah for each mitzvah. I was hoping this had been done before, but if it has, nobody here has found it. So, unless someone does, we can put it together ourselves. Please contribute! For each mitzvah, please put either a mishnah citation, with Sefaria links ...


4

The Rambam says all 613 are discussed in the Mishnah. וכאשר כלל הדעות והדברים החל לחבר המשנה שהיא כוללת פירוש כל המצות הכתובות בתורה. When [Rebbi] gathered together all the different opinions, he started to compose the Mishnah, which is an explanation of all of the mitzvos in the Torah. https://www.sefaria.org/Rambam_Introduction_to_the_Mishnah....


2

Here is the Feldheim edition. There are also a number of other new editions with notes.


2

TL;DR the verse includes only Jews in good religious standing This is an excellent question, but it should be clarified that is is also significantly limited: there are dozens of commandments and restrictions guiding interpersonal relationships and obligations that a Jew might have towards his fellow man, and all of these might have different definitions of ...


3

When you say "no punishment" you meant not justiciable by humans. We have no doubt all transgressions are liable by Heavenly court. There are different sorts of negative Mitzvot that bear no such punishment (here's the list of all Negative Mitzvos): Negative Mitzvos that are Lav haNitak Le'Ese (Makos 15a) - a negative Mitzvah that has a related positive one ...


3

Rashi in Shlach 13:2 explains that Bnai Yisrael had approached Moshe because they were supposed to conquer as a normal way of war. Thus, they asked to send men to determine which parts were most appropriate for the tribes. This seemed proper to Moshe and he asked Hashem what he sould do. As Rashi says: Send for yourself: According to your own ...


-1

I'm glad you asked about the punishment (and the resulting Teshuvah) as the measure of a Mitzvah's severity. Rambam clearly explains it in Teshuva 1, 4: יֵשׁ עֲבֵרוֹת שֶׁהֵן מִתְכַּפְּרִים לִשְׁעָתָן וְיֵשׁ עֲבֵרוֹת שֶׁאֵין מִתְכַּפְּרִים אֶלָּא לְאַחַר זְמַן, כֵּיצַד: -עָבַר אָדָם עַל מִצְוַת עֲשֵׂה שֶׁאֵין בָּהּ כָּרֵת וְעָשָׂה תְּשׁוּבָה אֵינוֹ זָז ...


4

Bartenura in Yoma explains (based on the gemara to this mishnah) that ‘light’ commandments here means all positive mitzvot as well as negative mitzvot which are able to be subsequently ‘fixed’ (lav hanitak le’asei). ‘Severe’ transgressions includes the bulk of negative mitzvot (and within that set the gemara differentiates further depending on certain ...


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