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23 votes
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Is there an online list of Perakim of Mishnayos arranged alphabetically?

My code to generate this list in python from the Sefaria API: import collections, requests, json masechtos = ['Berakhot', 'Peah', 'Demai', 'Kilayim', 'Sheviit', 'Terumot', 'Maasrot', 'Maaser Sheni', '...
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21 votes
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"Anyone who saves a life is as if he saved an entire world": Jewish life or any life?

In the manuscript Parma 3173 there is no "מישראל"; In the manuscript Budapest Kaufman A50 no more; The Mishna of Mechon Mamre, Mishna Sanhedrin 4:5 based on Rambam manuscript idem; לפיכך נברא ...
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18 votes

Meaning of the phrase "all Holy Scripture defile the hands."

I have no time to read the article - and therefore do not endorse anything they write. The Rabbis instituted that Holy Books like a Sefer Torah would defile the hands. Why? Because people would ...
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14 votes

How do we understand the idea of something missing from the mishnah חסורי מיחסרא והכי קתני?

The Meiri writes in his introduction to Avot that this is an example of the Ammoraim disagreeing with the Tannaim which they would occasionally do if the Sages of the generation agreed. So that would ...
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13 votes

Why do Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel always argue?

In terms of why they argue, the Arizal wrote that Beis Shammai embodied the characteristic of middas hadin, strict justice, whereas Beis Hillel embodied the attribute of middas harachamim, mercy. ...
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13 votes
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Mishnah on looking down while walking in street

It's a Mishna in Sota 3:4 where it says: הוּא הָיָה אוֹמֵר, חָסִיד שׁוֹטֶה, וְרָשָׁע עָרוּם, וְאִשָּׁה פְרוּשָׁה, וּמַכּוֹת פְּרוּשִׁין, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ מְכַלֵּי עוֹלָם As Sefaria translates: He [...
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13 votes

How can Bet Shamai argue on Shamai?

This phenomenon is described by R. Shimshon of Chinon in his Sefer HaKeritot (Leshon Limmudim, Sha'ar Sheni, 73). He suggests that: ושמא בילדותו תנא להו כמו שאמרו ב"ש וחזר בו בזקנותו והמשנה לא זזה ...
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12 votes

Does the Mishnah have Taamei Mikrah?

Some Mishnah manuscripts have sporadic taamim. For example, MS Parma B (containing order Tahorot) has conjuctive accents connecting words and disjunctive accents marking pauses. Here is the beginning ...
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12 votes
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Why was it improper to stick out a thumb in the Temple?

The Mishnah there is describing how certain jobs in the Basis Hamikdash would be appointed if there were multiple Kohanim vying for the same job. The Kohanim would form a circle around the supervisor, ...
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11 votes
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Why does the Mishnah/Gemara begin with Masekhet Berakhot?

Excerpt from Dafnotes: The Rambam, in his introduction to his commentary on the Mishnah writes that Seder Zera’im, which addresses the mitzvos of the Land (Eretz Yisrael), was placed at the ...
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11 votes
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Who was the author/compiler of the Ikkar Tosfos Yom Tov?

Two editions of Mishnayot I have on hand1 ascribe this commentary, the עיקר תוספות יום טוב, to R' Meshulam Katz. This Geni page attributes Ikkar Tosafot Yom Tov to R' Meshulam Katz, and identifies him ...
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11 votes

Is it mentioned anywhere in all of the Mishna or the Talmud that Paul of Tarsus was a student of Rabban Gamaliel

For more information, I would recommend reading "Paul and Gamliel", in Jacob Neusner and Bruce Chilton (eds.), In Quest of the Historical Pharisees (Baylor University Press, 2007), 175-223 - but ...
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11 votes
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Aramaic in a baraisa

According to Dr. Michael Higger in Otzar Habaraitot, vol. 8 (my translation): "And so we should also note that in a few places we find that the Talmud, when writing "and it was taught in a ...
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  • 20.8k
10 votes

Is it important to learn Mishnah before Talmud?

This answer is from my personal experience. I made a siyum hashas on mishna for my bar mitzvah before ever opening a gemara. We (my father and i) learned with Perush Kehati. When there was something ...
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10 votes
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Understanding a Hebrew expression: בטלה דעתו אצל כל אדם

This is a rather common expression (it appears eight times in Shas according to my search, but I know that it's very commonly found among the commentators). As you thought, בטלה refers to the ...
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10 votes

The New Artscroll Mishnayos: Product Recommendation

I have learned the entire Mishna based on the Yad Avraham series in English. I also own much of the newer Schottenstein Edition of the Mishna. Here are a few thoughts I found the introductions to ...
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  • 43.7k
10 votes
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When the Mishnayos were compiled, were they compiled into the perakim we have today, or were they just compiled into masechtos?

The 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia answers that the division of the several treatises into chapters as well as the sequence of these chapters was the work of Rabbi [Yehuda HaNasi] himself although some ...
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10 votes
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How to determine who offered the second Korban Tamid of the day?

The gemara on Yoma 26a explains that there was just one lottery that covered both services: א"ר יוחנן אין מפייסין על תמיד של בין הערבים אלא כהן שזכה בו בשחרית זוכה בו ערבית Rabbi Yoḥanan said: ...
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10 votes

Why record retracted opinions in the mishnah?

It's explained in Eduyot 1:4: וְלָמָּה מַזְכִּירִין אֶת דִּבְרֵי שַׁמַּאי וְהִלֵּל לְבַטָּלָה, לְלַמֵּד לַדּוֹרוֹת הַבָּאִים שֶׁלֹּא יְהֵא אָדָם עוֹמֵד עַל דְּבָרָיו, שֶׁהֲרֵי אֲבוֹת הָעוֹלָם ...
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10 votes

Is there more than one text of the Mishnah?

Yes, there are several mishna traditions. The Wikipedia article has the gist: there are the Mishnah-only manuscripts, Talmud Yerushalmi manuscripts, and Talmud Bavli manuscripts. The first two are ...
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9 votes
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Why does the Mishnah use the terms poor person and homeowner when discussing carrying on Shabbat?

Bartenura Shabbat 1:1: ולהכי נקט הוצאה בלשון עני ועשיר, דאגב אורחיה קמ״ל דמצוה הבאה בעבירה אסורה וחייבין עליה:‏ The reason for discussing carrying between domains in the context of a poor ...
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  • 38.5k
8 votes

How many chapters of mishna are there?

According to the Mishna Sedura, the breakup is as follows: Zeraim: 75 prakim with a total of 683 mishnayot Moed: 88 prakim with a total of 681 mishnayot Nashim: 71 prakim with a total of 570 ...
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  • 22.8k
8 votes

What is the source of the 'elu devarim' text printed in siddurim?

Shut MaHaRaM Shik (siman 2) explains the reasons for the variations found in the Siddur as compared to the Mishnah and the quote from the gemara in Tractate Shabbat: The Siddur adds "הכנסת כלה ...
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  • 5,539
8 votes
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What is "piggul"? A question on the Bartenura

The עיקר תוי"ט already asks your question ibid ח: וְדִבְרֵי תֵּימַהּ הֵן, דִּבְהֶדְיָא שָׁנִינוּ בְּמִשְׁנָה ג' פֶּרֶק ב' דִּזְבָחִים חוּץ לִמְקוֹמוֹ פָּסוּל וְאֵין בּוֹ כָּרֵת‏ So it seems ...
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8 votes

Is it mentioned anywhere in all of the Mishna or the Talmud that Paul of Tarsus was a student of Rabban Gamaliel

Although Paul of Tarsus is not mentioned by name, the Talmud in Shabbat 30b has a student of Rabbi Gamliel* who scoffs at his teachings. Some scholars have suggested that this character might be Paul,...
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8 votes
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Hebrew/Aramaic names with Nekudot for Mishna Tractates

Here are the mishnayos (and their titles) with nikud, based on the Kaufmann manuscript from "late 11th - mid-12th c.".
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8 votes
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Why is Shekalim in Moed?

The Meiri answers your question in his introduction to Berachot (as quoted in artscroll's introduction to Shekalim): Logically, the subject matter of this tractate would seem to belong in Seder ...
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  • 43.7k
8 votes

What should I use for Mishna study?

I have learned the entire Mishna based on the Artscroll Yad Avraham series in English. I also own many of the newer Artscroll Schottenstein Edition of the Mishna. Here are a few thoughts I found the ...
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  • 43.7k
8 votes

How many Mitzvos does the Mishnah cover?

The only real answer to this question can come from going through the list and finding a mishnah for each mitzvah. I was hoping this had been done before, but if it has, nobody here has found it. So,...
8 votes

Any pre 7th century Jewish source, teaches that non-Jewish prophets will never be sent again?

From the Talmud, tractate Brachot, 7a: (450-550 CE) And Rabbi Yoḥanan said in the name of Rabbi Yosei regarding Moses’ request that the Divine Presence rest upon Israel as it once had: Moses ...
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