26 votes
Accepted

Is there an online list of Perakim of Mishnayos arranged alphabetically?

My code to generate this list in python from the Sefaria API: import collections, requests, json masechtos = ['Berakhot', 'Peah', 'Demai', 'Kilayim', 'Sheviit', 'Terumot', 'Maasrot', 'Maaser Sheni', '...
Heshy's user avatar
  • 9,194
21 votes
Accepted

"Anyone who saves a life is as if he saved an entire world": Jewish life or any life?

In the manuscript Parma 3173 there is no "מישראל"; In the manuscript Budapest Kaufman A50 no more; The Mishna of Mechon Mamre, Mishna Sanhedrin 4:5 based on Rambam manuscript idem; לפיכך נברא ...
kouty's user avatar
  • 22.8k
14 votes

How do we understand the idea of something missing from the mishnah חסורי מיחסרא והכי קתני?

The Meiri writes in his introduction to Avot that this is an example of the Ammoraim disagreeing with the Tannaim which they would occasionally do if the Sages of the generation agreed. So that would ...
mevaqesh's user avatar
  • 35.6k
14 votes

Does the Mishnah have Taamei Mikrah?

Some Mishnah manuscripts have sporadic taamim. For example, MS Parma B (containing order Tahorot) has conjuctive accents connecting words and disjunctive accents marking pauses. Here is the beginning ...
Argon's user avatar
  • 3,671
13 votes
Accepted

Mishnah on looking down while walking in street

It's a Mishna in Sota 3:4 where it says: הוּא הָיָה אוֹמֵר, חָסִיד שׁוֹטֶה, וְרָשָׁע עָרוּם, וְאִשָּׁה פְרוּשָׁה, וּמַכּוֹת פְּרוּשִׁין, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ מְכַלֵּי עוֹלָם As Sefaria translates: He [...
Danny Schoemann's user avatar
13 votes

How can Bet Shamai argue on Shamai?

This phenomenon is described by R. Shimshon of Chinon in his Sefer HaKeritot (Leshon Limmudim, Sha'ar Sheni, 73). He suggests that: ושמא בילדותו תנא להו כמו שאמרו ב"ש וחזר בו בזקנותו והמשנה לא זזה ...
Joel K's user avatar
  • 43.4k
12 votes
Accepted

Why was it improper to stick out a thumb in the Temple?

The Mishnah there is describing how certain jobs in the Basis Hamikdash would be appointed if there were multiple Kohanim vying for the same job. The Kohanim would form a circle around the supervisor, ...
Salmononius2's user avatar
  • 6,792
12 votes
Accepted

Longest Mishna By Word Count

I analysed the mishnayot according to how they appear on Mechon Mamre and how they appear on Sefaria. For Mechon Mamre's mishnayot, the raw data is here, where I removed punctuation and eliminated ...
magicker72's user avatar
11 votes
Accepted

Who was the author/compiler of the Ikkar Tosfos Yom Tov?

Two editions of Mishnayot I have on hand1 ascribe this commentary, the עיקר תוספות יום טוב, to R' Meshulam Katz. This Geni page attributes Ikkar Tosafot Yom Tov to R' Meshulam Katz, and identifies him ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
  • 48.1k
11 votes

Is it mentioned anywhere in all of the Mishna or the Talmud that Paul of Tarsus was a student of Rabban Gamaliel

For more information, I would recommend reading "Paul and Gamliel", in Jacob Neusner and Bruce Chilton (eds.), In Quest of the Historical Pharisees (Baylor University Press, 2007), 175-223 - but ...
Shimon bM's user avatar
  • 18.9k
11 votes

What should I use for Mishna study?

I have learned the entire Mishna based on the Artscroll Yad Avraham series in English. I also own many of the newer Artscroll Schottenstein Edition of the Mishna. Here are a few thoughts I found the ...
mbloch's user avatar
  • 51.9k
11 votes
Accepted

Aramaic in a baraisa

According to Dr. Michael Higger in Otzar Habaraitot, vol. 8 (my translation): "And so we should also note that in a few places we find that the Talmud, when writing "and it was taught in a ...
Harel13's user avatar
  • 25.6k
10 votes

The New Artscroll Mishnayos: Product Recommendation

I have learned the entire Mishna based on the Yad Avraham series in English. I also own much of the newer Schottenstein Edition of the Mishna. Here are a few thoughts I found the introductions to ...
mbloch's user avatar
  • 51.9k
10 votes
Accepted

When the Mishnayos were compiled, were they compiled into the perakim we have today, or were they just compiled into masechtos?

The 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia answers that the division of the several treatises into chapters as well as the sequence of these chapters was the work of Rabbi [Yehuda HaNasi] himself although some ...
mbloch's user avatar
  • 51.9k
10 votes
Accepted

How to determine who offered the second Korban Tamid of the day?

The gemara on Yoma 26a explains that there was just one lottery that covered both services: א"ר יוחנן אין מפייסין על תמיד של בין הערבים אלא כהן שזכה בו בשחרית זוכה בו ערבית Rabbi Yoḥanan said: ...
Jay's user avatar
  • 6,507
10 votes

Why record retracted opinions in the mishnah?

It's explained in Eduyot 1:4: וְלָמָּה מַזְכִּירִין אֶת דִּבְרֵי שַׁמַּאי וְהִלֵּל לְבַטָּלָה, לְלַמֵּד לַדּוֹרוֹת הַבָּאִים שֶׁלֹּא יְהֵא אָדָם עוֹמֵד עַל דְּבָרָיו, שֶׁהֲרֵי אֲבוֹת הָעוֹלָם ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
10 votes

Is there more than one text of the Mishnah?

Yes, there are several mishna traditions. The Wikipedia article has the gist: there are the Mishnah-only manuscripts, Talmud Yerushalmi manuscripts, and Talmud Bavli manuscripts. The first two are ...
magicker72's user avatar
9 votes
Accepted

Why is Shekalim in Moed?

The Meiri answers your question in his introduction to Berachot (as quoted in artscroll's introduction to Shekalim): Logically, the subject matter of this tractate would seem to belong in Seder ...
mbloch's user avatar
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9 votes
Accepted

Why does the Mishnah use the terms poor person and homeowner when discussing carrying on Shabbat?

Bartenura Shabbat 1:1: ולהכי נקט הוצאה בלשון עני ועשיר, דאגב אורחיה קמ״ל דמצוה הבאה בעבירה אסורה וחייבין עליה:‏ The reason for discussing carrying between domains in the context of a poor ...
Joel K's user avatar
  • 43.4k
8 votes

Is it mentioned anywhere in all of the Mishna or the Talmud that Paul of Tarsus was a student of Rabban Gamaliel

Although Paul of Tarsus is not mentioned by name, the Talmud in Shabbat 30b has a student of Rabbi Gamliel* who scoffs at his teachings. Some scholars have suggested that this character might be Paul,...
ezra's user avatar
  • 18.7k
8 votes
Accepted

Hebrew/Aramaic names with Nekudot for Mishna Tractates

Here are the mishnayos (and their titles) with nikud, based on the Kaufmann manuscript from "late 11th - mid-12th c.".
WAF's user avatar
  • 23.8k
8 votes

What should I use for Mishna study?

The classic modern Mishnah commentary was written in Hebrew by R. Pinchas Kehati, and is also available in English translation (e.g. here). As a bonus, there are free iOS and Android apps available ...
Joel K's user avatar
  • 43.4k
8 votes

How many Mitzvos does the Mishnah cover?

The only real answer to this question can come from going through the list and finding a mishnah for each mitzvah. I was hoping this had been done before, but if it has, nobody here has found it. So,...
8 votes
Accepted

Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices?

A possible answer: Rambam on the mishnah states that this was done as part of worship of Baalim. The city of Baalbek, which was originally a Baal center of worship, eventually became a center of ...
Harel13's user avatar
  • 25.6k
8 votes

Any pre 7th century Jewish source, teaches that non-Jewish prophets will never be sent again?

From the Talmud, tractate Brachot, 7a: (450-550 CE) And Rabbi Yoḥanan said in the name of Rabbi Yosei regarding Moses’ request that the Divine Presence rest upon Israel as it once had: Moses ...
N.T.'s user avatar
  • 8,714
7 votes
Accepted

Singing the Mishna: sources

See Tiferet Yisrael on Arachin 4, 1 (Boaz): שהיו להן זמירות מיוחדין לכל משנה ומשנה He says this helped them memorize the mishnayot. See also here for several more sources for a special nigun for ...
Cauthon's user avatar
  • 3,845
7 votes

Which came first the Mishnah Torah or the Pirush HaMishnayos

Rambam states explicitly in the first paragraph of his introduction to Sefer Hamitzvot that the Commentary to the Mishnah came first: After having completed our previous well-known work wherein we ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 49.3k
7 votes

What should I use for Mishna study?

When I first learned Mishnayos, the only translation available to me was that of Phillip Blackman. I happened to like it a lot. The goal of the translation was to make it accessible, and to provide ...
Y     e     z's user avatar
7 votes

What should I use for Mishna study?

Three resources, none of which relate to English translation, to add to the existing good answers that do: The first resource I would recommend based on personal experience is patience. When I ...
WAF's user avatar
  • 23.8k

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