(Skip to the last paragraph for the short summary.)
There is an explicit source that this is allowed.
Rambam rules (Hilchos Megilla 2:15) that if one cannot afford to give mishloach manos, he can send his meal to his friend and have the friend send his meal to him.
ואם אין לו מחליף עם חברו זה שולח לזה סעודתו וזה שולח לזה סעודתו כדי
לקיים ומשלוח מנות ...
The issue is discussed in the נזר התורה journal of Adar 5767, and in responses thereof.
Among the sources cited by the author are the following:
I. Responsum in Yizchak Burstein's מטעמי יצחק. There, R' Burstein cites Chulin 44b:
Whenever R. Zera was sent a gift he would not accept it but whenever
he was invited out to dine he would go, for he used ...
There is a teshuva of the Binyan Tzion which is often quoted about this issue, in Siman #44.
He explains that the language of שליחות is to indicate that the sending itself is enough, even if the recipient does not end up receiving or accepting the gift (as per the psak of the Rema, O.C. 695):
ולענ"ד טעם המהר"י ברין ורמ"א כמו שכתוב "ומשלוח מנות "
The time for the mitzvah is tied to the se'udah which is held during the day.
The Ran (Megilla 3b in the pages of the Rif) addresses the issue. Despite the fact that megilla reading varies, the se’udat Purim does not; it must be scheduled on the 14th or 15th (depending on whether the city is walled). Hence, the Ran claims, since mishloach manot is part of ...
The Ran on Megillah 3b says that even though one should feast on Adar 1, there's no need for Mishloach Manot because it is similar to Matanot La'Evyonim, which is done only in Adar 2:
וקרוב הדבר גם כן שראוי להרבות בסעודה בי"ד שבראשון אבל לענין לשלוח מנות כיון דדמו למתנות לאביונים דליתנהו אלא בשני משמע נמי דאף משלוח מנות אינו אלא בשני
However the Ketav ...
The non-junk-food items I've most appreciated getting, and that aren't burdensome to prepare or store, include:
Durable fresh fruit: apples, oranges, bananas, etc. Berries and other fragile fruits are nice if you can keep them from getting squished during delivery, but that's more work.
Dried fruits: raisins, figs, dates, plums, mango, etc. Raisins can be ...
Aruch Hashulchan 695:18 writes:
ויש להסתפק אם שלח לקטן אם יצא ונראה לעניות דעתי שיצא דהא לרעהו כתיב וגם קטן בכלל כדמוכח מקרא דכי יגוף שור איש את שור רעהו והנוגח שור של קטן חייב׃
One can be in doubt as to whether, if one sent [mishloach manos] to a minor, he has escaped [the hold of his obligation]. It seems to my humble opinion that he has escaped [...
It is not so clear if one needs 2 separate items. However, the gemara in megila 7a seems to imply that two different items should be used. This is how the Aruch Hashulchan (695:14) seems to hold. So if you send a dark piece of meat and a white piece of meat those are considered two separate manos since they taste different. Rav Eliyashiv (Ashrei Ha’Ish pg ...
It's a safek if one is yotzei like this or not. It's best to be machmir and send more to a different person. Mikra'ei Kodesh - Hilchot Purim by Rabbi Moshe Harari, 12:24.
המזמין את חברו לסעוד אצלו ביום פורים, ספק אם יצא בכך ידי חובת משלוח מנות. וטוב להחמיר ולשלוח מנה נוספת במקום מנה זו.
He cites the Kaf Hachayim (OC 695:42) for this.
The Kaf Hachayim ...
This is not explicit, but seems to me a pretty clear indication that it is ok:
The Mishnah Berura, quoting P'ri Megadim, equates trading with giving and then taking back, and in fact derives the latter from the former (694:2):
אם החליף סעודתו בשל חבירו יצא ידי מתנות וע"כ עני המתפרנס מן הצדקה יתן שתי מתנות לשני אביונים ויחזרו הם ויתנו לו
If one ...
I did a bit of searching and came across this.
It quotes from Reb Ovadia Yosef tz'l's sefer חזון עובדיה on פורים to the effect that you cannot give it to a non-Jew, since they are not included in רעהו.
Perhaps the reasoning behind this is that since giving gifts in general (not for purposes of shalom) should be avoided:
רמבם הלכות עכום פרק ' הלכה ד
After some research I found:
Rav Eliyashiv in Ashrei Ha'Ish pg 311:5 is quoted as holding that one can be yotzeh the mitzvah of shaloch manos with two different types of drinks and that soft drinks with flavor counts but seltzer does not count since it does not have a din of a drink(I would assume water is not good as well).
Rav Shmuel Kamenetsky in Kovetz ...
Likutei Sichos - Lubavitcher Rabbi Zatzal says that one is Yotzei Mishloach Manos with a piece of cake and soda. However regarding water I have so far been unable to find a source that either permits it or prohibits it.
There is no consenus on this matter, and there isn't even concensus on the basics of your question.
It would seem that according to some, even raw meat, which the Mishna says is not allowed, is allowed by some people, because it can still be cooked before the Seudah.
Based on the answer linked above, it seems to suggest that any food whatsoever is ...
The mitzvah is to have two different foods. If you make them foods of different brachas then you can be sure that they are certainly 'different' from each other even if you aren't an expert in the Shulchan Aruch. Having one be a food and one be a drink would also work (even if they are both shehakol). Meat from two different kinds of animals would also work, ...
Last year, my community had a program where people would send things that are actually able to be used for the se'udah, with assigned people to give to.
We received fresh-baked pitot, much appreciated. (We got them early in the morning, and had nothing for breakfast yet. They didn't last until the se'udah. ;))
We gave a lasagna, also appreciated by the ...
Nitei Gavriel Purim 58:1 brings in the name of the Rosh Yosef and others that by meat it is 2 portions so long they are from different parts of the animal, since they have different tastes. He brings from the Shaalos U'Teshuvos Sheeris Yehuda 93 that it can even be from the same part of the animal so long it is 2 portions
It seems to me from the language of ...
I saw somewhere (will add in where later) that the purpose is that since we make them messengers to deliver, and we are relying on them to do their jobs, however they are Ketanim, therefore we pay them and that assures us that they will fulfill the job.
Over at the Otzar Hachochma Forum, one aspect of this is discussed:
Hi Sichasi notes that even in a regular case of returning Mishloach Manos (with different foods), the returner may not be Yotzei:
דומני שראיתי בשם הצפנת פענח שבהשבת משלוח מנות לא יוצאים ידי"ח כיון שהוא בתורת גמול על שנתנו לו
While I don't believe this is the accepted opinion (see there ...
This website (Chabad) says specifically that a frozen food that cannot be eaten as is, is not good for Mishloach Manos. The source quoted is the Mishna Berura 695:19, which does not say anything about it specifically, but does mention the general rule of edible food. I'm not sure this website is the authoritative source that you are looking for, though.
Rav Shmuel Kamentesky in Kovetz Halachos 17:4 brings this exact question whether a red and green apple which have different tastes are considered two manos. He holds that it is considered one min and one would need an additional item. He also holds that red wine and white wine are also considered one min. However, see my other answer.
There are a number of tzedakah sites that send mishloach manot to people in Israel (not **not* matanos laevyonim) and guarantee with a psak from rabbonim that on would be yotzei the mitzvah. One example is the American Zionist Movement
This year, for the 2018 Purim Connection, the American Zionist Movement collaborated with its member organizations, ...
Yes, the mitzva was absolutely fulfilled. It's practical advice not to do so (between single people), but nowhere near a sufficiently strong thou-shalt-not as to constitute a mitzva-fulfilled-through-a-sin.
Rav Heinemann said in a shiur at Ner Yisroel Baltimore, "If you leave the משלוח מנות outside someone’s house which is a חצר המשתמרת, then you’re יוצא. If it’s not משתמרת or the area outside his door isn’t his property, then you cannot be יוצא with merely leaving the משלוח מנות there."
First, it was examined whether to give Matanoth Laevionim before Purim
Magen Avraham (O.C. 694 saif koton 1) says in name of the Maor not to give before purim because you need to make sure they do not eat the manoth before Purim. (This is about Matanoth Laevionim).
In the case of Mishloach Manoth
It is the same for Mishloach Manoth (S.A. O.C. 695, 4, Rema ...