6

This really is not unexpected that something that is the choicest material and is used in the service of God is not allowed to be used by normal people for everyday use. For example the blood and fats of animals (Vayikra 3:16-17): וְהִקְטִירָ֥ם הַכֹּהֵ֖ן הַמִּזְבֵּ֑חָה לֶ֤חֶם אִשֶּׁה֙ לְרֵ֣יחַ נִיחֹ֔חַ כָּל־חֵ֖לֶב לַיהוָֽה׃ חֻקַּ֤ת עוֹלָם֙ לְדֹרֹ֣תֵיכֶ֔ם ...


5

It's a Shemos Rabba 35:1 Text: .וְהֵיכָן גְּנָזוֹ בַּגַּן עֵדֶן, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (תהלים צז, יא): אוֹר זָרֻעַ לַצַּדִּיק, וְהַרְבֵּה בְּרִיּוֹת בָּרָא הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא בָּעוֹלָם, וְלֹא הָיָה הָעוֹלָם רָאוּי לְהִשְׁתַּמֵּשׁ בָּהֶן, וְהָיוּ רְאוּיִין לְהִגָּנֵז וְלֹא נִגְנְזוּ מִפְּנֵי כְּבוֹד הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, וְאֵיזֶה זֶה זָהָב, אָמַר רַבִּי ...


4

Yes all keilim need to be made lishma. Rambam (courtsey of Chabad) Bais Habechira 1:20: אֵין עוֹשִׂין כָּל הַכֵּלִים מִתְּחִלָּתָן אֶלָּא לְשֵׁם הַקֹּדֶשׁ. וְאִם נַעֲשׂוּ מִתְּחִלָּתָן לְהֶדְיוֹט אֵין עוֹשִׂין אוֹתָן לְגָבוֹהַּ. וּכְלִי גָּבוֹהַּ עַד שֶׁלֹּא נִשְׁתַּמֵּשׁ בָּהֶן גָּבוֹהַּ רַשַּׁאי לְהִשְׁתַּמֵּשׁ בָּהֶן הֶדְיוֹט. וּמִשֶּׁנִּשְׁתַּמֵּשׁ ...


3

A partial answer, addressing only the question of the scapegoat on Yom Kippur: Firstly, your assumption that this ritual was performed during the time of the Mishkan in Shiloh (as well as earlier times) is borne out by a beraita quoted in Yoma 67b: המדברה המדברה במדבר לרבות נוב וגבעון שילה ובית עולמים “Into the wilderness” (Leviticus 16:10), “into the ...


3

The traditional Jewish ruling on this subject is as summarized by Maimonides in his Mishneh Torah (Hilchot Beit HaBechirah 1:3): Once the Temple was built in Jerusalem, it became forbidden to build a sanctuary for God or to offer sacrifices in any other place. There is no Sanctuary for all generations except in Jerusalem and [specifically,] on Mt. Moriah, ...


3

Rabbi David Ribiat in The 39 Melachos, Volume 2, in Choraish says as follows: "Pushing a carriage or stroller on bare soil (even soft earth) is similarly permissible even if a distinct wheel-mark appears. This is because the rolling motion of the wheels does not loosen the soil, but rather compresses it (similar to a steam roller that compresses the ...


2

A buggy is allowed to be pushed on grass on shabbos even it if causes furrows (Shmiras Shabbos 28:48). Take a look at Shmiras Shabbos 26:19 and the footnotes there to get some idea on what is allowed with respect to walking on moist/dry grass on shabbos. It's not comprehensive but it brings a couple everyday examples that seem to be what you are asking for.


2

We take extra precautions to prevent the shulchan from becoming tamei, because if it becomes tamei we'll have to interrupt the continuous presence of the lechem hapanim (not to mention disqualifying the current lechem hapanim). But it's still theoretically possible for the shulchan to become tamei, as it did this time, and in that case you'd take it to the ...


1

Tthe very last Midrash Tanchuma on Sefer Shemot states: ואימתי נאמר לו למשה לעשות את המשכן ביום הכפורים לפי שעלה משה להר ג' פעמים ועשה שם מאה ועשרים יום מששה בסיון שעלה לשם עד יום הכפורים שהוא עשרה בתשרי ואותו היום נאמר וינחם ה' על מעשה העגל אותו היום אמר לו סלחתי כדבריך ואותו היום נאמר לו ועשו לי מקדש ובו ביום אמר לו וסלחת לעונינו ולחטאתנו ונחלתנו היום ...


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