5

I've only found one relevant source at the moment: The Pri Tzaddik writes on Nasso 15:2: "...ואחר כל זה יהיה עוד מלחמת גוג ומגוג על משיח בן יוסף כי גומ"ג הוא מזרע עמלק..." Translation: "...and after all of this there will still be the war of Gog and Magog upon Mashiach ben Yosef for Gog and Magog is of the lineage of Amalek..."


5

It's here: שכשיחשבו העכו"ם שאומה זו לא יהיה לה לעולם ממשלה ולא יגאלו מן השיעבוד שהם בו וכל החכמים כלם פה אחד בעצה זאת וגם הקוסמים בעלי הכחות יפר הקב"ה מחשבותם וסברתם הנכחשת ואז יגלה המשיח שכן אמר ישעיהו בבאור עניין זה (ישעיה מ"ד כ"ה כ"ו) מפר אותות בדים וקוסמים יהולל משיב חכמים אחור ודעתם יסכל מקים דבר עבדו ועצת מלאכיו ישלים האומר ...


4

They are definitely not related, as Magog is listed among the sons of Japheth, the son of Noah. Amalek is listed as a grandson of Esau, who was descended from Noah's son Shem.


3

In answer to the first question it says clearly in Yeshaya 2:2-3 the following: וְהָיָ֣ה ׀ בְּאַחֲרִ֣ית הַיָּמִ֗ים נָכ֨וֹן יִֽהְיֶ֜ה הַ֤ר בֵּית־יְהוָה֙ בְּרֹ֣אשׁ הֶהָרִ֔ים וְנִשָּׂ֖א מִגְּבָע֑וֹת וְנָהֲר֥וּ אֵלָ֖יו כָּל־הַגּוֹיִֽם׃ In the days to come, The Mount of the LORD’s House Shall stand firm above the mountains And tower above the hills; And all the ...


1

After some remembering and searching, I have also found Zechariah 8:23 So said the Lord of Hosts: In those days, when ten men of all the languages of the nations shall take hold of the skirt of a Jewish man, saying, "Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you." The expression used is "In those days", but there is the same ...


1

I think that this Midrash, and the similar Midrash that only 1/5th or 1/50th of Klal Yisrael are meant to teach the same lesson: redemption is not guaranteed. This is difficult to hear. We wait for Moshiach every day. We teach our children to wait for Moshiach. We talk about how wonderful everything will be when Moshiach comes as if it is just a matter of ...


1

Malachi 3:6 כִּי אֲנִי יְהֹוָה לֹא שָׁנִיתִי וְאַתֶּם בְּנֵי־יַעֲקֹב לֹא כְלִיתֶם For I am the Lord, I do not change; therefore you sons of Jacob are not consumed. (Soncino translation) In particular see Malbim’s commentary there, where this verse is specifically a reference to not reneging on the covenant and therefore not destroying Israel: כי אני ה׳ לא ...


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