10

It's apparently an oral tradition relating to one of the students of the Vilna Gaon, Rabbi Yisrael of Shklov. The more complete story is recounted here in Hebrew. It begins like this: הגאון רבי ישראל משקלוב מספר, על תלמיד מתלמידי הגר"א, שבא לקבל פני רבו בחול המועד סוכות, וביקש מרבו כי יעמידו במבחן על כל מסכתא דסוכה על פה. היה זה אחר שקודם החג עורר הגאון ...


6

In your question you assume there was an eruv in Yerushalayim, and therefore find it difficult to understand why they would not carry the Korban Pesach home until night, and why they would bring the 4 minim before Shabbos. However, it is clear from the Gemara Eruvin 101a that no eruv was made in the streets of Yerushalayim. Rav Moshe Feinstein [in Igros ...


6

Sukkah 43b does indeed briefly discuss it: אינהו דידעי בקיבועא דירחא לידחי כי אתא בר הדיא אמר לא איקלע They [in Eretz Yisrael] who know the establishment of the months, let [Aravah] push off [Shabbos]! When Bar Hedya came, he said, it does not fall out [on Shabbos]. As Rashi there explains: לא איקלע - הם מעברים את אלול או אחד מן החדשים כשרואין ...


5

No, the Torah does not mention explicitly that the Jews built actual Succot. (If it had, there wouldn’t be an argument as to whether the Jews had real Sukkot or Sukkot made from the Ananei Hakavod). However, in Vayikra 23:43, HaShem mentions the fact that the Jews lived in Succot, as the reason to celebrate Sukkot: לְמַעַן֮ יֵדְע֣וּ דֹרֹֽתֵיכֶם֒ כִּ֣י ...


3

I think you're misinterpreting the waste of the threshing floor and of the winepress. It's not referring to the left-over chaff and wine peels! If nothing else because they are unfit to cover a Sukka - the chaff would blow away and the wine peels would rot (assuming they're not already Mekabel Tumah, which they are from the moment they get wet). It's ...


2

While this is a complex topic, here are the major details: Can a mitzvah be called fulfilled even if it is built on an averah? No A stolen Lulav is invalid on the second day of Sukkot. The reason given on sukkah 30A is: משום דהוה ליה מצוה הבאה בעבירה שנאמר (מלאכי א, יג) והבאתם גזול ואת הפסח ואת החולה גזול דומיא דפסח מה פסח לית ליה תקנתא אף גזול לית ...


1

I am not sure I understood the deepness of the question. But the Rash quotes the Gemara Eruvin 27b in which the exclusion of water and salt for maaser sheni is learned from drashot. One of them is cited by the Rash, Klal Ufrat Uchlal. For maaser sheni the necessary conditions are not only gidule Karka, but Peri Miperi Ugidule Karka or, following another ...


1

You seem to have left out the key step in your summary of the story: ולא אמרו לו דבר And they didn't say anything to him. Beit Hillel apparently did not know the end of the story (or disputed it); thus, they had a good proof against Beit Shammai. How can Beit Shammai maintain that this is not a valid form of eating in a Succah, when the very elders ...


1

That opinion in the gemara isn't telling us that a Sukkah "deserves" to be made out of waste; rather said drasha is being used to teach us the nature of what can serve as s'chach for a Sukkah. Namely, something that: - a) grows from the ground - b) isn't mekabel tumah This isn't in conflict with the gemara you quote (Shabbos 133b) re: "zeh keili v'anveyhu." ...


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