8

The correct order to perform the Mitzvos would be: 1 - Krias Shema(which is most frequent) 2 - Birchas Hamazon 3 - Sefiras Haomer Many people are accustomed to recite Krias Shema after Birchas Hamazon, even though Krias Shema is the more frequent Mitzvah. The reason why many permit this is that one is not obligated to interrupt his ...


8

The Maharal says that the twilight period before the first Shabbos has a dual quality. It is still Friday, so it is still a day of creation, but it is Shabbos, a day above creation. So the things created at that time are of a miraculous and not of the natural order, but are still creations of G-d. The Midrash Shmuel says that since Adam sinned before the ...


8

As I wrote here, the Talmud states that Hashkiveinu is not an interruption between geulah and tefillah because since it was ordained by the Sages as part of the blessings for Keriat Shema it is as if it is an extended geulah. Berachot 4b דאי לא תימא הכי שחרית היכי מצי סמיך והא אמר רבי יוחנן בתחלה אומר ה׳ שפתי תפתח ולבסוף הוא אומר יהיו לרצון אמרי פי אלא ...


6

The custom of saying Eshet Hayil on Friday night does not seem universal among Teimani Jews. R. Qafih makes no mention of it in his discussion of Friday night practices in Yemen (Halikhot Teiman (1969) pg. 5). The Teimani Siddur Siah Yerushalayim (pg. 48) states that some add Eshet Hayil. Based (partially) this article, the practice was popularised by the ...


6

I once heard an answer that throughout the years in the desert, the Jews always knew exactly when Shabbos started and ended becuase they had the pillars of cloud and of fire. However, these were taken away when Moshe died, which was on Shabbos. That night, they did not know exactly when Shabbos ended, so they delayed ending it until they were sure. The next ...


6

This very question is dealt with in chapter 43 of the second volume of אלה הם מועדי by Rabbi Eliyahu Schlesinger of Gilo, Jerusalem. He cites Shlomo Zalman Auerbach who holds that one does recite Al HaNisim in Mincha after lighting the Menorah. (See הליכות שלמה- מועדים,יז:ז) He explains that despite that it's still the 24th of Kislev; it's considered ...


5

Although perhaps there is a Sefer that discusses this, I am not aware of it. However my father would go in order of age, oldest to youngest, first all the boys and then all the girls. My father in law would do it in order of age, oldest to youngest mixing the boys and girls. So I guess there are at least 2 different ways that people do it.


5

As already discussed here , Halacha disallows inviting non Jews on Yom Tov (Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 512:1). However, it is allowed on Shabbat, (Tur Orach Chaim 325). However, there are technical issues that need to be taken into account when inviting non-Jews to a Shabbat tables. Here are some issues: Wine: If it's not cooked (Mevushal) then you have ...


5

The best thing to do, by far, is to work with your boss to rearrange your schedule so you're not cutting it anywhere near that tight. But for theory's sake, if you somehow find yourself stuck: the most-common practice in North America is to publish candle-lighting times that are 18 minutes prior to sunset. (Among other things, this is to accommodate one ...


4

Rabbi Shlomo ben Eliyahu suggests that based on the Chazal that on Friday night 2 angels escort everyone home, and then if the table is set and prepared the good angel blesses the household that it should be the same in the coming week. The bad angel is forced to respond Amen. Therefore at first they are Malachei Hasharais and then when the 2 angels make ...


4

Strictly speaking, as Shalom wrote, you can probably* rely on the 18 minute "window". Many people do. I have, whenever necessary, arranged with my employers and/or clients to allow me to leave work at a time deemed (by me) adequate to allow me to commute home and prepare for Shabbath and (deemed by them) adequate to allow me to complete my work. This has ...


4

It is a long beracha, called the Birchat Me'ein Sheva. It starts with Baruch and ends with Baruch. The Mechaber Orach Chaim 268:8 writes that one praying alone should not say the blessing. The Ramah adds that one who wants to may do so, by skipping the beginning and conclusion of the blessing. The Be'er Heitev explains that this means the one praying ...


4

For Lecha Dodi yeshiva.org.il says: Regarding bowing, R. Yakov Emdin brings that his father, the Chacham Zvi, would bow three times when saying Bo’ee Kalah, to his left, then his right and then in front. This is identical to the bowings mentioned when we finish Shmoneh Esreh. The idea is because the Shchina (Divine Presence) is, as if it were, ...


4

The “saying” is part of Braishis 15(1) אַחַר הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה הָיָה דְבַר ה' אֶל אַבְרָם בַּמַּחֲזֶה לֵאמֹר אַל תִּירָא אַבְרָם אָנֹכִי מָגֵן לָךְ שְׂכָרְךָ הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד. After these incidents, the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision, saying, "Fear not, Abram; I am your Shield; your reward is exceedingly great." as pointed out ...


3

These Pesukim start with the letters יעקב. This is generally said by Sephardic people (not sure about Ashkenazim/Temanim) who didn't have time to say Shir HaShirim, but Moroccans seem to always say it. The Avodat hashem Sephardic Siddur contains this passage and an explanation. The Pe'er Yisrael Moroccan Siddur also has this passage. AFAIK, no online siddur ...


3

I have trouble answering the question as posed because it asks about which communities "have the סימן יתק״ק." This mnemonic is included in some Bibles (both mss and printed editions) not because of communal tradition but because of the judgement of the scribes or editors. This being the case, let me rephrase the question somewhat: Is the common Sephardic ...


3

Although msh210's answer would appear to reflect the opinion of Mishnah Berurah which does not differentiate between kiddush at night or during the day, there are opinions that argue and would limit the permission to follow kiddush with cake instead of bread to only the daytime kiddush (at least ideally). R. Shlomo Ganzfried, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 77:14: ...


3

I was told orally that the Noda Bihudah, if I recall correctly, defends those who have such a practice as we seek to make our tables similar to the Mizbeach, and the meat that was to be placed on the fire on the Mizbeach (altar) in the Temple was thrown (past a gap between the ramp and Mizbeach).


3

Shulchan Aruch OC 123:1 says first left, then right. כּוֹרֵעַ וּפוֹסֵעַ ג' פְּסִיעוֹת לְאַחֲרָיו, בִּכְרִיעָה אַחַת, וְאַחַר שֶׁפָּסַע ג' פְּסִיעוֹת בְּעוֹדוֹ כּוֹרֵעַ, קֹדֶם שֶׁיִּזְקֹף, כְּשֶׁיֹּאמַר עוֹשֶׂה שָׁלוֹם בִּמְרוֹמָיו, הוֹפֵךְ פָּנָיו לְצַד שְׂמֹאלוֹ; וּכְשֶׁיֹּאמַר הוּא יַעֲשֶׂה שָׁלוֹם עָלֵינוּ, הוֹפֵךְ פָּנָיו לְצַד יְמִינוֹ; וְאַחַר כָּךְ ...


2

The boys' blessing uses the exact wording Yaakov said we should or will use for our blessings: "And he [Yaakov] blessed them that day, saying: 'By thee shall Israel bless, saying: God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh.'" (Breishit 48:20) There is no such specified blessing mentioning women, so when people decided to bless girls as well, they made ...


2

The Talmud (Shabbat 35b) discusses the exact time where Bein Hashemashot (dusk -- the time the Melacha becomes forbidden) and concludes that those who are not experts in the calculations should light while the sun is still atop the trees. This is an approxamite time which is designed to ensure that one definitely does not light too late. This rule is ...


2

I once heard the following explanation, although I don't remember where. We have two loaves of Challah on Shabbos to commemorate the double portion of Manna that came down for Shabbos - each morning a portion came for that day's Manna, and on Friday, double fell. So, the Manna for Friday fell, followed by the Manna for Shabbos. Thus, the Manna on the ...


2

Kegavnah is a piece of Zohar, Parashat Terumah Page 135a, b that refers to the change in the world when Shabbat comes in, specifically when the words of Borchu of Maariv are said. It explains that the "oneness" of this world can bond with the true "oneness" of Above, making G-d's Throne "complete" (see Rashi on Exodus 17:16), allowing Him to "sit" upon it. ...


2

Rabbi Yonasan Wiener asked this question of the Lubavitcher Rebbe when he was nine years old. This is his recollection of the answer: The Rebbe said, “If you notice, the first two stanzas seem to be redundant. The first one says, ‘Peace unto you, ministering angels,’ and the second one says, ‘May your coming be in peace, angels of peace.’ It seems that both ...


2

If you davened Ma'ariv (early, BeTzibur), then Rosh Chodesh has effectively ended and Kedushas Shabbos has taken over, even if it still daylight outside. Therefore, you bench Retseh (for Shabbos) and not Ya'aleh V'Yavo (for R.H.). See Mishna Berura, 424:2, (on the right hand side), also referencing Magen Avraham, there. Saying both might be considered a ...


2

Mekadesh Yisrael 252 discusses this and says that even though in such a situation one will light prior to Plag, there is no choice here and that is what must be done.


2

The Piskei Teshuvos Siman 473:2 writes that even those who are noheg to say sahlom aliechem and eishes cheil on Yom tov should not say it the night of pesach in order to hurry and make kiddush right away,since it is a mitzva to do so.(Vayged Moshe 13:2) However,he brings in footnote 9 that there are those who still say these items such as Chassidei Viznitz,...


2

From the Oz V'hadar Mesivta Haggadah page 68: There is a dispute whether one should say Zemiros Shabbos on Yom Tov. The Matteh Ephraim (583:1) says that one should say Shalom Aleichem on a Shabbos Rosh HaShanah. Likewise, the Kaf HaChaim (583:3) writes likewise, adding that it is true for all yamim tovim. The Elef HaMagen (ad. loc.) argues, saying that ...


2

On Shabbat Jews may not perform "Melacha" (the 39 types of forbidden work) such as writing, driving, turning on electrical devices, cooking, kneading, grinding, and sorting, among others. An observant Jew will not perform any of these activities or other Melacha from sundown on Friday through nightfall on Saturday. If "taking" your class will involve any ...


2

Rashi ad loc (quoting Bereishit Rabbah 11:2): בֵּרְכוֹ בַּמָּן, שֶׁכָּל יְמוֹת הַשָּׁבוּעַ יוֹרֵד לָהֶם עֹמֶר לַגֻּלְגֹּלֶת, וּבַשִּׁשִּׁי לֶחֶם מִשְׁנֶה, וְקִדְּשׁוֹ בַּמָּן, שֶׁלֹּא יָרַד כְּלָל בְּשַׁבָּת, וְהַמִּקְרָא כָּתוּב עַל הֶעָתִיד:‏ He blessed it through the Manna, that on all other days of the week there should fall for them (the ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible