13

http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=48844&st=&pgnum=168 http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=48844&st=&pgnum=169 http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=48844&st=&pgnum=171 http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=48844&st=&pgnum=173 1 - Although L'Chatchila we do not make Kiddush Levana Friday night and on ...


11

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 280:1 תשמיש המטה מתענוגי שבת הוא, לפיכך עונת תלמידי חכמים הבריאים מליל שבת לליל שבת.‏ Marital relations are among the delights ("oneg") of Shabbat, and therefore the time for marital relations for a healthy Torah scholar is from Friday night to Friday night. (translation mine) So the two mitzvot are Oneg Shabat and Onah. ...


8

See the Otzer Dinim U'Minhagim quoted in this answer, discussing Shir HaShirim. Quoting Minhagei Yeshurun, one of the answers is that Friday night is the time of intimacy between a man and wife.


8

The correct order to perform the Mitzvos would be: 1 - Krias Shema(which is most frequent) 2 - Birchas Hamazon 3 - Sefiras Haomer Many people are accustomed to recite Krias Shema after Birchas Hamazon, even though Krias Shema is the more frequent Mitzvah. The reason why many permit this is that one is not obligated to interrupt his ...


8

The Maharal says that the twilight period before the first Shabbos has a dual quality. It is still Friday, so it is still a day of creation, but it is Shabbos, a day above creation. So the things created at that time are of a miraculous and not of the natural order, but are still creations of G-d. The Midrash Shmuel says that since Adam sinned before the ...


8

As I wrote here, the Talmud states that Hashkiveinu is not an interruption between geulah and tefillah because since it was ordained by the Sages as part of the blessings for Keriat Shema it is as if it is an extended geulah. Berachot 4b דאי לא תימא הכי שחרית היכי מצי סמיך והא אמר רבי יוחנן בתחלה אומר ה׳ שפתי תפתח ולבסוף הוא אומר יהיו לרצון אמרי פי אלא ...


7

Curiouser wanted the Kabbalistic reason, so R' Shneur Zalman of Liadi brings two reasons: In Torah Or, he explains that according to Nigla, one should place the breads one on top of the other, since the source of nigla is Hishtalshelus (the G-dly revelation within the worlds coming down in an orderly and progressive manner [Or Yashar]), and placing the ...


6

I once heard an answer that throughout the years in the desert, the Jews always knew exactly when Shabbos started and ended becuase they had the pillars of cloud and of fire. However, these were taken away when Moshe died, which was on Shabbos. That night, they did not know exactly when Shabbos ended, so they delayed ending it until they were sure. The next ...


6

The rules of eating a meal in the same place one made or heard kidush are written among the rules of Friday night's kidush (and applied to both). Thus, the rule (Mishna B'rura 273:25) that cake suffices for this (so one need not immediately eat bread) applies to the nighttime as well as the daytime kidush. (However, even if he is famished during the day and ...


6

This very question is dealt with in chapter 43 of the second volume of אלה הם מועדי by Rabbi Eliyahu Schlesinger of Gilo, Jerusalem. He cites Shlomo Zalman Auerbach who holds that one does recite Al HaNisim in Mincha after lighting the Menorah. (See הליכות שלמה- מועדים,יז:ז) He explains that despite that it's still the 24th of Kislev; it's considered ...


6

The custom of saying Eshet Hayil on Friday night does not seem universal among Teimani Jews. R. Qafih makes no mention of it in his discussion of Friday night practices in Yemen (Halikhot Teiman (1969) pg. 5). The Teimani Siddur Siah Yerushalayim (pg. 48) states that some add Eshet Hayil. Based (partially) this article, the practice was popularised by the ...


5

Although perhaps there is a Sefer that discusses this, I am not aware of it. However my father would go in order of age, oldest to youngest, first all the boys and then all the girls. My father in law would do it in order of age, oldest to youngest mixing the boys and girls. So I guess there are at least 2 different ways that people do it.


5

The best thing to do, by far, is to work with your boss to rearrange your schedule so you're not cutting it anywhere near that tight. But for theory's sake, if you somehow find yourself stuck: the most-common practice in North America is to publish candle-lighting times that are 18 minutes prior to sunset. (Among other things, this is to accommodate one ...


5

1 The Mishna Brurah's explanation is that "we are not established as yerei shamayim [to the extent] that angels accompany us, such we would request they wait for us until we come out." If so, it is a function of the gavra, the status of people nowadays. A lower stature means angels not always accompanying someone. However, this is different from angels ...


5

As already discussed here , Halacha disallows inviting non Jews on Yom Tov (Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 512:1). However, it is allowed on Shabbat, (Tur Orach Chaim 325). However, there are technical issues that need to be taken into account when inviting non-Jews to a Shabbat tables. Here are some issues: Wine: If it's not cooked (Mevushal) then you have ...


4

Beit Aharon: When Bnei Yisrael got the Shabat at Marah, they didn't know its taste. Then when they first tasted it, it was so good that they didn't want to leave it. Then, they waited all week for the next Shabat and they hurried up to get into it.


4

The berachah is in Siddur R. Amram Gaon, and almost identically in Siddur R. Saadyah Gaon. Both of them also say that it should be prefaced with Vayechulu and the berachah on the wine.


4

In Sefer Chaim Sheyesh Bohem he brings down in the name of Rabbi Mordechai Brisk Zatzal that in Mesechtas Sofrim Perek 21 Halacha 6 that VaYehi Erev is a Posuk on its own and therefore there is no problem saying it as is.


4

Rabbi Shlomo ben Eliyahu suggests that based on the Chazal that on Friday night 2 angels escort everyone home, and then if the table is set and prepared the good angel blesses the household that it should be the same in the coming week. The bad angel is forced to respond Amen. Therefore at first they are Malachei Hasharais and then when the 2 angels make ...


4

Strictly speaking, as Shalom wrote, you can probably* rely on the 18 minute "window". Many people do. I have, whenever necessary, arranged with my employers and/or clients to allow me to leave work at a time deemed (by me) adequate to allow me to commute home and prepare for Shabbath and (deemed by them) adequate to allow me to complete my work. This has ...


4

It is a long beracha, called the Birchat Me'ein Sheva. It starts with Baruch and ends with Baruch. The Mechaber Orach Chaim 268:8 writes that one praying alone should not say the blessing. The Ramah adds that one who wants to may do so, by skipping the beginning and conclusion of the blessing. The Be'er Heitev explains that this means the one praying ...


4

For Lecha Dodi yeshiva.org.il says: Regarding bowing, R. Yakov Emdin brings that his father, the Chacham Zvi, would bow three times when saying Bo’ee Kalah, to his left, then his right and then in front. This is identical to the bowings mentioned when we finish Shmoneh Esreh. The idea is because the Shchina (Divine Presence) is, as if it were, ...


4

The “saying” is part of Braishis 15(1) אַחַר הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה הָיָה דְבַר ה' אֶל אַבְרָם בַּמַּחֲזֶה לֵאמֹר אַל תִּירָא אַבְרָם אָנֹכִי מָגֵן לָךְ שְׂכָרְךָ הַרְבֵּה מְאֹד. After these incidents, the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision, saying, "Fear not, Abram; I am your Shield; your reward is exceedingly great." as pointed out ...


3

I was told orally that the Noda Bihudah, if I recall correctly, defends those who have such a practice as we seek to make our tables similar to the Mizbeach, and the meat that was to be placed on the fire on the Mizbeach (altar) in the Temple was thrown (past a gap between the ramp and Mizbeach).


3

Although msh210's answer would appear to reflect the opinion of Mishnah Berurah which does not differentiate between kiddush at night or during the day, there are opinions that argue and would limit the permission to follow kiddush with cake instead of bread to only the daytime kiddush (at least ideally). R. Shlomo Ganzfried, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 77:14: ...


3

I have trouble answering the question as posed because it asks about which communities "have the סימן יתק״ק." This mnemonic is included in some Bibles (both mss and printed editions) not because of communal tradition but because of the judgement of the scribes or editors. This being the case, let me rephrase the question somewhat: Is the common Sephardic ...


3

These Pesukim start with the letters יעקב. This is generally said by Sephardic people (not sure about Ashkenazim/Temanim) who didn't have time to say Shir HaShirim, but Moroccans seem to always say it. The Avodat hashem Sephardic Siddur contains this passage and an explanation. The Pe'er Yisrael Moroccan Siddur also has this passage. AFAIK, no online siddur ...


3

Shulchan Aruch OC 123:1 says first left, then right. כּוֹרֵעַ וּפוֹסֵעַ ג' פְּסִיעוֹת לְאַחֲרָיו, בִּכְרִיעָה אַחַת, וְאַחַר שֶׁפָּסַע ג' פְּסִיעוֹת בְּעוֹדוֹ כּוֹרֵעַ, קֹדֶם שֶׁיִּזְקֹף, כְּשֶׁיֹּאמַר עוֹשֶׂה שָׁלוֹם בִּמְרוֹמָיו, הוֹפֵךְ פָּנָיו לְצַד שְׂמֹאלוֹ; וּכְשֶׁיֹּאמַר הוּא יַעֲשֶׂה שָׁלוֹם עָלֵינוּ, הוֹפֵךְ פָּנָיו לְצַד יְמִינוֹ; וְאַחַר כָּךְ ...


2

I once heard the following explanation, although I don't remember where. We have two loaves of Challah on Shabbos to commemorate the double portion of Manna that came down for Shabbos - each morning a portion came for that day's Manna, and on Friday, double fell. So, the Manna for Friday fell, followed by the Manna for Shabbos. Thus, the Manna on the ...


2

http://e.yeshiva.org.il/ask/?id=1485 The Challah we cut from represents the position of the Jewish people (who are eating the challah). At night, we are below because HaShem Who created the world is the active presence, (as emphasized in the evening davening) while in the day, when we emphasize the receiving of the Torah, the Jews are actively ...


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