The Mishnah in Sanhedrin says "... an apikores has no share in the world to come." Commenting on this records the Gemara (San. 99b):
רב ור' חנינא אמרי תרוייהו זה המבזה ת"ח
Trans.: Both Rav and R. Chanina interpret this ["apikores" to mean] one who disrespects a talmid chacham
Another Gemara in Shab. (119b) states:
א"ר יהודה לא חרבה ירושלים אלא בשביל ...
R. Yehuda Herzl Henkin deals with this in a responsum (בני בנים ג:יח) and asserts that the story and the halacha are not true.
ובספר עלי תמר על הירושלמי שם הביא סיפור על בעל החפץ חיים ז"ל שנסע
ברכבת ופגש יהודי שלא הכיר שהוא החפץ חיים וסיפר לו שהוא נוסע לבקר אצל
החפץ חיים בראדין והפליג בשבחו והחפץ חיים אמר לו למה אתה הולך אליו כי
אינו גדול כמו שאתה ...
One who blasphemes G-d is executed. Mishne Torah, Avodas Kochavim, 2:7
A Jewish king may execute someone for speaking against him (rebellion
against the monarch). Mishneh Torah, Melachim 3:8
One who disrespects a Jewish sage is excommunicated. Mishneh Torah, Talmud Torah 6:11-12
A sage who rules against the ruling of the Sanhedrin is executed. Mishne Torah, ...
This is a rather famous story I believe. R. Hershel Schachter in Nefesh Harav (pg 150) quotes Rabbi Soloveitchik: (loose translation)
there's no novelty in saying that the Chofetz Chaim said that one cannot speak lashon hara about oneself (i.e. it's obviously prohibited), because after all, the whole concept of 'maris ayin' shows that a person doesn't ...
The Chafetz Chaim in his preface seems to address all your questions (and then some!). While the entire preface (and book) is well written (not that it needs my approbation!), I will try to quote some of the relevant bits that more directly address your questions.
Does anyone know of good sources for Hilchos Lashon Hora from before the Chofetz Chaim?
To answer the question of the title, normally one would not be allowed to speak ill of someone even if it is or combined with speaking of that person's merits.
However, in this case the newspaper is allowed to speak of this restaurant owner's lack of kashrus, because it is already a well know fact (see Sefer Chafetz Chaim, Klal 4, Beer Mayim Chaim 41) as ...
One example is from Y'vamos (49b), which states that Y'sha'yahu died because he had said (Y'sha'ya 6:5) "and I dwell amidst a nation of impure lips":
כי מטא להדי פומא נח נפשיה משום דאמר ובתוך עם טמא שפתים אנכי יושב
Further, it seems likely that Y'sha'yahu was only talking to himself, not per se to HaShem (though it was in the presence of a vision of HaShem'...
Rashi on Exodus 4:3 quotes the Midrash as indicating that God was disapproving of Moshe's telling him lashon hara:
ויהי לנחש: רמז לו שסיפר לשון הרע על ישראל ותפש אומנותו של נחש:
and it became a serpent-: [This was how] He hinted to him [Moses] that he had spoken ill of Israel (by saying, “They will not believe me,” ) and he had adopted the art of the ...
This is indeed what the Talmud states:
אמר רבה רבה בר רב הונא כל מילתא דמיתאמרא באפי תלתא לית בה משום לישנא
בישא מ"ט חברך חברא אית ליה וחברא דחברך חברא אית ליה
Rabbah son of R. Huna said: Whatsoever is said before three is not
considered slander. Why? Your friend has a friend, and your friend's
friend has a friend. (Soncino ...
From what I've seen, the books available at https://chafetzchayim.org/ seem to be a fairly straightforward translation of almost all the works if the Chafetz Chaim.
You can see for yourself if you like the format, as they have full and complete text documents of their work available for anyone to read. Here is the page for their Sefer Chafetz Chaim, scroll ...
As I noted in my answer to a very similar question, R. Isaac Ben Sheshet has a responsum in which he asserts that the Sages often exaggerated the severity of sins in order to prevent people from stumbling in them. He specifically gives this Talmudic passage about lashon harah as an example of such an exaggeration:
Shu"t HaRivash # 171
ומה שאמרת שהגאונים ...
One source can be found in Sefer Chafetz Chayim, in the introduction, where he lists positive commandments that one may transgress when speaking Lashon Hara (Sif Zayin, pages 70-71 of Volume 1 in the link).
In a nutshell, one violates the prohibition of וּמִקְדָּשִׁי תִּירָאוּ - revere My sanctuaries (Vayikra 19:30).
I just want to clarify, this ...
According to R. Menahem HaMeiri the definition of l'shon hara, is speech that is meant to be defamatory or hurtful. Thus, statements of a negative nature that are said for a positive reason (in this case warning others of a negative landlord), and not to hurt others, are permissible since by definition they are not l'shon hara. These are his words in is ...
According to an article on "Internet Privacy in Halacha" by R' Asher Meir in the Winter 2014 issue of Jewish Action, it is forbidden to publicize someone's secret identity.
R' Meir says that revealing someone else's private information violates the prohibition in Vayikra 19:16:
... לֹא תֵלֵךְ רָכִיל בְּעַמֶּיךָ
You shall not go around as a ...
From reading Sefer Chafetz Chaim, it appears that the answer to this question is usually no (Chafetz Chaim 4:4, 8:1, 8:4, 8:13). R. Binymin Zilber in Shut Az Nidberu 14:60,69 understands that speaking evil about non-religious Jews is permitted (see below), but discourages it because we shouldn't be increasing negative feelings between ourselves and ...
The Shulchan Aruch 606:3 writes
ג. תקנת קדמונינו וחרם שלא להוציא שם רע על המתים:
There is a takana (enactment ) and a ban that one shouldn't speak evil about the deceased.
I think it is a common misconception that speaking evil of the dead is worse than the living,but as one can see it is not true. Speaking ill of the living is worse.
Rav Yaakov Kaminetsky in Emes L'Yaakov (Bereishis 34:37):
I was asked by a student how to explain the fact that the Torah
includes descriptions of what happened with Yosef and his brothers.
Isn't this a violation of the prohibition of the laws of lashon harah?
Initially I answered that in truth the prohibition of lashon harah
only applies when ...
As mentioned in this other Mi Yodeya answer here:
The Chafetz Chaim in Hilchos Lashon Hara (Klal 6, Sif 4) does give an allowance to listen to someone vent about their day, but only so that they can get it off their chest and won't go telling more people. He also says that the one listening has to be careful not to actually believe it.
From his words "in ...
R. Yitzchak Yosef in Yalkut Yosef Mo'adim 406:17 rules that if one spoke Leshon Hara about his fellow, and the victim is unaware of this, he should not explicitly confess his sin to the victim, but instead should seek forgiveness from him in a general manner.
In the footnote, he notes that this ruling follows the opinion of R. S Z Auerbach (who himself ...
In 2 Samuel 16, when David flees Jerusalem after Avshalom's conspiracy, Ziba the slave comes to David with provisions, and claims Mephibosheth that has broken faith with David to join Avshalom. David responds by giving all that belonged to Mephibosheth to his slave Tziva instead. Finally, in 2 Samuel 19,28 when David returns to Jerusalem, Mephibosheth tells ...
R Avrohom Ehrman, writing in his book The laws of interpersonal relationships, explicitly addresses your case and calls it leitzanut (mockery). Based on Rabbeinu Yonah in Shaarei Teshuva, he describes five categories of leitzanut.
The fifth category [and less grave] involves making fun of people or their behavior
simply for the sake of amusement, even if it ...
I would suggest sending a message to the Chabad headquarters.
Lubavitch World Headquarters
770 Eastern Parkway
Brooklyn, New York 11213
Phone: 718 774.4000
Fax 718 774.2718
I would think a critical point here (though not necessarily the only point) would be the concept of lashon hara leto'elet -- something that's necessary to be said for a productive purpose.
Rabbi Yitzchak Breitowitz has a lecture on the subject where he asks if one can be an investigative journalist and stay within the laws of lashon hara. Well, what is the ...
Rav Moshe Isserles (Rema) states that, as per Shabbat 55b, saying Reuven sinned by sleeping with Bilhah constitutes forbidden speech (Responsa, no. 11). It qualifies as hotza’as shem ra. Presumably this reasoning would then extend to any other deceased person.
See also Shabbat 96b where R' Yehuda ben Betaira reprimands R' Akiva for attempting to reveal the ...
The topic of operating apps/sites on Shabbat is complex, an entire book (Commerce and Shabbos) was written on it by R Yosef Y Kushner.
In general it is permitted to write an app that will maybe be used by Jews on Shabbat (and there are thousands like this of course). R Shlomo Aviner writes that, regarding "Do not place a stumbling block", if one is ...
The answers to these two related questions (Is upward/360-degree feedback halachically allowed? and Can one publicize a poor experience with a service provider to discourage others from using him?) bring a number of criteria that would make negative comments on review sites allowed
you are publicizing your comments to people wanting to go into business with ...
The Chofetz Chaim wrote strong words against reading newspapers (see him quoted for instance here) because of lashon hara and bitul Torah amongst others.
In an interesting interview of R J. David Bleich regarding Journalism and Jewish Law he says that it is lashon hara to draw attention to derogatory facts to a broader audience that would otherwise has ...