11

There are a number of sources that list the mishmarot or make mention of them. Some were mentioned in the comments. Tanach: Divrei Hayamim 1:24:7-18, as @JoelK noted, brings the list from the time of King David: Yehoyariv, Yeda'ayah, Charim, S'eorim, Malkiyah, Miyamin, Hakotz, Aviyah, Yeshua, Sh'chanyahu, Elyashiv, Yakim, Chupah, Yeshve'av, Bilgah, Imer, ...


9

Tosfot (Gittin 59b) answers (based on a similar case in Tosefta Megilla 3:6) that to distinguish the two sections, the kohen would go sit down back in his seat and then stand up again and go up to the Torah.


8

I could not find any mainstream commentary which listed them. Based on a search, I found 14 cases where they are explicitly referred to as Kohanim Haleviyim, with a couple more questionable (unlikely) cases: Devarim 17:9 - וּבָאתָ אֶל הַכֹּהֲנִים הַלְוִיִּם וְאֶל הַשֹּׁפֵט אֲשֶׁר יִהְיֶה בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם וְדָרַשְׁתָּ וְהִגִּידוּ לְךָ אֵת דְּבַר הַמִּשְׁפָּט....


7

Beit Chanan (Ananus ben Ananus in Hebrew is Chanan ben Chanan (חנן בן חנן)) appears in Sifrei Devarim 105:22 ("Beit Chanan" in at least one MS per the Finkelstein edition; "Bnei Chanan" in other MSS): "They said: Why were the shops of Beit Chanan laid waste two years before (the destruction of) Eretz Yisrael? Because they exempted ...


7

It is actually Jewish law that a priest has to serve barefoot. The source is in the Talmud, Tractate Zevachim 24a This is derived as the Sage from the school of Rabbi Yishmael taught: Since the floor of the Temple courtyard sanctifies the priest to perform the service, and service vessels, i.e., priestly vestments, also sanctify him, one may draw a ...


5

Just one example of many: Shemot Rabbah 2:6 "וְכֵן הַכֹּהֲנִים לֹא שִׁמְּשׁוּ בַּמִּקְדָּשׁ אֶלָּא יְחֵפִים." Translation: And so also the kohanim only served in the Temple barefoot."


4

Radak Yirmiyahu 1:1 says that Yirmiyahu's father was Chilkiyahu ben Shalom - חלקיהו בן שלום. Chilkiyahu ben Shalom ben Tzadok came from the Bnei Tzadok that are Meyuchas to Pinchas. see page 8.


4

For some reason everyone seems to be focus on the examples of "כהנים לוים" meaning "כהנים"; however, I found a number of places where the pasuk literally says just plain (לוי(ם and the meforshim say that it really means (כהנ(ים. (I discovered these while researching the claims of modern/academic biblical scholarship that, originally, any ...


4

So firstly to ascertain a source for a Kohein going up in place of a Levi: Rambam in Mishneh Torah in Hilchos Tefillah and Bircas Kohanim 12:19 writes: אֵין שָׁם כֹּהֵן עוֹלֶה יִשְׂרָאֵל. וְלֹא יַעֲלֶה אַחֲרָיו לֵוִי כְּלָל. אֵין שָׁם לֵוִי כֹּהֵן שֶׁקָּרָא רִאשׁוֹן חוֹזֵר וְקוֹרֵא הוּא עַצְמוֹ פַּעַם שְׁנִיָּה בִּמְקוֹם לֵוִי. אֲבָל לֹא יִקְרָא אַחֲרָיו ...


3

Rambam Hilchot Issurei Biah 12:11: הָעֲבָדִים שֶׁהִטְבִּילוּ אוֹתָם לְשֵׁם עַבְדוּת וְקִבְּלוּ עֲלֵיהֶם מִצְוֹת שֶׁהָעֲבָדִים חַיָּבִים בָּהֶם יָצְאוּ מִכְּלַל הָעַכּוּ''ם וְלִכְלַל יִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא בָּאוּ. לְפִיכָךְ הַשִּׁפְחָה אֲסוּרָה לְבֶן חוֹרִין. Servants that have been immersed for the sake of servitude and accepted the mitzvot in which servants are ...


3

Yes, everyone always has to formally declare and separate all the special portions. Any you have the right to can then be kept and used yourself. Rambam Maaserot 1:3: לויים וכוהנים מפרישין מעשר ראשון, כדי להפריש ממנו תרומת מעשר; וכך הכוהנים מפרישין שאר תרומות ומעשרות לעצמן. ולפי שהכוהנים נוטלין מן הכול, יכול יאכלו פירותיהן בטבלן--תלמוד לומר "כן תרימו ...


3

The following website writes as follows: Although the Beta Israel — the Ethiopian Jews, a minority of today’s Israeli population, who mostly came to the country in two waves in the 1980s and early 1990s—maintain the priesthood tradition, they are unique in that they do not consider it to be hereditary. Instead, the Beta Israel priest, called as Kes or Kahin ...


2

The Qumranites included priests, "Sons of Zadok" among their number, if the Community Rule (1QS) is an accurate reflection of actual practice. I think that they expected that their philosophy would eventually rule in the Temple. The War Scroll (1QM) describes "years of remission" when the war against the "Sons of Darkness" ...


2

First, it must be noted that the text which your question concerns is not canonical in Judaism and there is no extant Hebrew or Aramaic version of the text. So your question concerns the wording of phrasing that passed through multiple stages of translation - Hebrew/Aramaic, to Greek, to Latin, to English. That said, assuming that the phrase was in fact ...


1

From Rashi there: כל איש אשר בו מום. לְרַבּוֹת שְׁאָר מוּמִין: NO MAN THAT HATH A BLEMISH… [SHALL COME NEAR] — This is intended to include in the prohibition (besides the blemishes expressly mentioned in vv. 18—20) also other bodily blemishes (Sifra, Emor, Chapter 3 1). 2 מום בו. בְּעוֹד מוּמוֹ בּוֹ פָּסוּל, הָא אִם עָבַר מוּמוֹ כָּשֵׁר (ספרא): HE HATH A ...


1

Why not? We all have the power to give brachot. No matter who gives to whom.


1

The Talmud (Chulin 11b-12a) seems to assume that no one can be a complete vegetarian. אמר רב אשי אמריתא לשמעתא קמיה דרב כהנא ואמרי לה רב כהנא קמיה דרב שימי ואמר ליה ודלמא היכא דאפשר אפשר היכא דלא אפשר לא אפשר דאי לא תימא הכי לר״מ דחייש למיעוטא הכי נמי דלא אכיל בישרא וכי תימא הכי נמי פסח וקדשים מאי איכא למימר R. Ashi added: I put forward this argument to R. ...


1

The Bible lays out a very clear and detailed description for the laws of society and government. See from Deuteronomy 16:8 and on. Here are some highlights from Deuteronomy 17:8 and onwards: If a matter of law is too abstruse for you—between blood and blood, between decision and decision, or between leprosy [a plague of confinement] and leprosy [a plague of ...


1

The Chinuch (mitzvah 99) writes that it's so that the attention of the kohen himself is focused on the Divine service that he's performing: anytime he looks at any part of his body, he will see the Kohanic clothes, and that will remind him of Whom he is serving. (He compares it in that sense to tefillin.) משרשי המצוה. היסוד הקבוע לנו כי האדם נפעל לפי ...


1

Rabbi Eliyahu Katz wrote an essay called "מי היה יוחנן כהן גדול שתיקן תקנות נועזות?" - "Who was Yochanan Kohen Gadol who made risky laws?" that deals with your questions. On your first question, he writes: "והנה מבלי להכנס בפרטים הנ"ל חושבני שהפתרון צריך להיות מרומז במשנה עצמה, וע"י התקנות שתיקן ומעשים שעשה, נוכל למצוא ...


1

Not sure if this really answers the question, but the Talmud (Berachot 3b-4a) does provide an example of them all getting along well enough to immediately solve a problem: דאמר רב אחא בר ביזנא אמר רבי שמעון חסידא כנור היה תלוי למעלה ממטתו של דוד וכיון שהגיע חצות לילה בא רוח צפונית ונושבת בו ומנגן מאליו מיד היה עומד ועוסק בתורה עד שעלה עמוד השחר כיון שעלה ...


1

the sanhedrin and kohen gadol were at Dovid's annointment, and the kohen gadol Evyasar was the only kohen who escaped from the destruction of Nov the city of kohanim, and he fled to Dovid Hamelech (ׁשמואל א, כב כ), so I assume they were on pretty good terms.


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