28 votes
Accepted

How can it be that David hamelech died on shavuos and Shabbos

That David died on both Shavuos and Shabbos is not necessarily true. The source that David died on Shavuos can be found in Yerushalmi in Beitzah 11a (2:4) and Chagigah 12a (2:3), but in neither place ...
user avatar
  • 33.5k
26 votes

Did King David's parents abandon him? (Psalm 27)

I Samuel 16:11 and Psalms 118:22 imply that David was a rejected child in his family. וַיֹּ֨אמֶר שְׁמוּאֵ֣ל אֶל־יִשַׁי֮ הֲתַ֣מּוּ הַנְּעָרִים֒ וַיֹּ֗אמֶר ע֚וֹד שָׁאַ֣ר הַקָּטָ֔ן וְהִנֵּ֥ה רֹעֶ֖ה ...
user avatar
  • 18.5k
14 votes

Did King David's parents abandon him? (Psalm 27)

The Ibn Ezra says that the author is referring to the fact that his parents abandon him in their death, עזבוני במותם, ואתה אספתני תמיד Whereas the Malbim says that it has to do with David's ...
user avatar
  • 36.7k
14 votes
Accepted

Is King Saul positively regarded in Judaism?

There are not very many references to Saul in the liturgy. Here is one that portrays him somewhat negatively, in the context of his failure to destroy Amalek (from Yotser for Zachor): זָכוֹר נָגִיד ...
user avatar
  • 23.8k
12 votes
Accepted

Psalm 41:10 Who is King David's friend who lifted his heel against him?

2 Samuel 15:12 "And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, from Giloh, as he offered the sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong, and the people with ...
user avatar
  • 10.4k
11 votes

Why didn't Shaul know who David was when David fought Goliath?

This is a question asked by many commentators, so your wife is in good company :) I'll bring four of the above-mentioned commentators here: Rashi (Samuel 1, 17, 55) (partial) וכי לא היה מכירו ...
user avatar
  • 3,784
11 votes

David & Yonatan and homosexuality

Chas vishalom. In fact their love is given in the Mishna as an example of a love that was not dependant on anything. In complete contradistinction to the sexual desire of Amnon for Tamar. כָּל ...
user avatar
  • 32.3k
11 votes

For those who hold that David sinned, how was he allowed to ever marry Bat Sheba?

The Gemara in Kesubos 9a asks that question and gives two answers 1) The woman only becomes forbidden (to her husband, and as a consequence also to the adulterer) if she willingly commits adultery. ...
user avatar
  • 6,054
10 votes
Accepted

Was it lawful for David to partake of the showbread?

The Talmud (M'nachos 96a) explains that David and his coterie were in mortal danger of starving at the time, which legally supersedes the prohibition against them eating showbread. Another approach, ...
user avatar
  • 16.3k
10 votes
Accepted

Why was Batsheva bathing on the roof

http://vbm-torah.org/archive/shmuel/79shmuel.htm The Radak rejects such an explanation, saying: "He saw from upon the roof that she was bathing in her house." This understanding is reasonable, ...
user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

From where does Rabbi Nachman know that King David's Lyre possessed 5 strings?

This comes from Tikunei Zohar Tikuna Asira'ah (here page 25b), in discussing numerical connections between the 5 knots on tzitzis and the 5 first words of Shema and the 5 strings on King David's lyre: ...
user avatar
10 votes

Is King Saul positively regarded in Judaism?

Shaul was great beyond the imagination of the people in his Generation (and how much more so ourselves) and cannot be Judged. Yalkut Shimoni Shmuel II 157: שגיון לדוד אשר שר לה' על דברי כוש בן ...
user avatar
  • 11.2k
10 votes

What is the source that says David wrote Psalms / Tehillim while hiding from Saul

Tehillim 54 לַמְנַצֵּ֥חַ בִּנְגִינֹ֗ת מַשְׂכִּ֥יל לְדָוִֽד׃ For the leader; with instrumental music. A maskil of David, בְּב֣וֹא הַ֭זִּיפִים וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ לְשָׁא֑וּל הֲלֹ֥א דָ֝וִ֗ד מִסְתַּתֵּ֥ר ...
user avatar
  • 1,767
9 votes

Why did David choose to lay with a married woman when it seems so out of his character?

The Talmud (Avoda Zara 4b-5a) indeed acknowledges that the sin did not match his character and he was ensnared as a way to teach future generations a lesson about the power of repentance. (Similarly, ...
user avatar
  • 17.2k
9 votes
Accepted

Why does David refuse to kill Shimi b. Gera, but then later tell Shlomo to kill him?

Both Targums on Esther 2:5 identify The Shimei in Mordecai's lineage with Shimei Ben Gera. They state that David saw through a prophetic experience that Mordecai (and Esther according to the first ...
user avatar
  • 8,074
9 votes

Dovid got lifespan from Adam and/or the Avos

Yes at first glance they are in conflict. Sefer Yosef Tehilos 42:9 (Chida) reconciles this with the explanation that David did not sleep and this the nights counted towards the 140 years. יומם יצוה ה׳...
user avatar
9 votes

Was it David's custom to go into battle without an armour?

I wrote an essay a couple of years ago that dealt, in part, with these questions. The answer to your first question is: Yes and no. David's military uniform depended on which weapon he was using in ...
user avatar
  • 20.8k
8 votes

Why did King David request for Michal to be returned to him if she was remarried?

See Shabbos 13b with Rashi and Sanhedrin 19-20, Palti put a sword in their bed and never came close to her. He is praised more than Yosef and Boaz for his control.
user avatar
  • 32.3k
8 votes

Did King David's parents abandon him? (Psalm 27)

While the sources cited by rosends refer to an "abandonment" which might occur at some point during a persons life, but which could possibly be avoided in particular circumstances, Rashi suggests that ...
user avatar
8 votes

Who can become king of the Jews?

See Rambam Hilchot Melachim Chapter 1. Any Jew can be appointed king as long as he is not a convert nor descended exclusively from converts (Law 4), a woman (Law 5) nor currently or previously ...
user avatar
  • 38.5k
7 votes

Is it correct that a kohen could not be Moshiach?

Yes. The two groups are perforce distinct. Either your ancestor along the male line is David or Aharon (or neither, of course). It is a simple impossibility to be a descendant of both, along the male ...
user avatar
  • 22.8k
7 votes
Accepted

Did King David Expose himself (nude) while dancing or was it just unfit for him in the eyes of Michal

The commentators (drawing on traditional sources) like Rashi and Metzudos, etc., explain that David put on a linen casual robe used by celebrants that would honor a religious event. He was covering ...
user avatar
  • 10.4k
7 votes
Accepted

Was Yoav considered a murderer regarding Uriah the Hittite?

Kiddushin 43a: האומר לשלוחו צא הרוג את הנפש הוא חייב ושולחיו פטור שמאי הזקן אומר משום חגי הנביא שולחיו חייב שנא' (שמואל ב יב, ט) אותו הרגת בחרב בני עמון One who says to his agent: "Go and ...
user avatar
  • 33.5k
6 votes
Accepted

Were Kohanim forbidden from serving in King David's army?

This is the subject of an old debate when it comes to kohanim giving conditional divorces. R. Mordechai Ben Hillel wrote that one cannot bring a proof from the fact that kohanim at war gave such ...
user avatar
  • 48k
6 votes

Is there a rabinical ruling where coins that circulate decides who the legitimate king is?

To back up a few steps, per the comment's request. Governments have the right to tax. Check out I Samuel 8:11--17, and backing up to Deuteronomy, it says the king can't amass "too much gold and ...
user avatar
  • 127k
6 votes

For those who claim that David didn't sin, why didn't he marry Bat Sheva right away?

Rabbeinu Tam seems to be the one who holds that a full, non-conditional, divorce was given before going out to war. Tosfos in Kesubos 9B explains that even so it was done in secret so that people ...
user avatar
  • 6,322
5 votes

Why did David ask Uriah to go back to Betsheba?

Rashi to 11:6 states that David's intention was to have Uriah sleep with his wife, and then he would think that she was pregnant from him. שלח אלי את אוריה . שהיה מתכוין שישכב עם אשתו , ויהא סבור ...
user avatar
  • 22.8k
5 votes

Is David The eighth son or the seventh son?

Rashi in Divrei Hayamim 2:15 says that David was the seventh born and the count stopped at David and did not include his younger brother Elijah because David was the one anointed as king. In Samuel ...
user avatar

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible