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12

See Rambam Sanhedrin 15:10-13 for those obligated in the court-imposed death penalties and ibid 19:1-3 for those obligated in Karet or Mitah Bidei Shamayim.


10

רמב"ם Hilchos Isurei Biah 4:4 writes הגויים--אין חייבין עליהם משום נידה Non-Jews – one is not culpable for violations of Niddah with them … However (although this wasn't the question), there is a non-Niddah Kares for relations with a non-Jew (h/t to DoubleAA) - Even HaEzer 16:2 הבא על העובדת כוכבים, אם לא פגעו בו קנאים ולא הלקוהו בית דין, הרי ...


10

It's of Biblical force and punishable as such, but yes we need to apply the Oral Law (namely one of Rabbi Yishamel's 13 principles) to spell it out. Rambam Laws of Prohibitions on Relations 4:3: ד,ג במה דברים אמורים שהטומאה תלויה בימים, בשטבלה במי מקוה אחר הימים הספורים. אבל נידה וזבה ויולדת שלא טבלו במי מקוה--הבא על אחת מהן, אפילו אחר כמה שנים--חייב ...


9

Extra watched: to make sure that no water touches it (except while it's being kneaded), because water is needed to start the fermentation process, which would make it chametz. The soul is connected to G-d, like a limb of the body is connected to the heart (for its blood supply) and the brain (for its functionality). "Cut off" means just that - that ...


6

Rambam, Sanhedrin chapter 19 lists "every thou-shalt-not that has kares and has no death by court and for which one gets lashes" (twenty-one of them, including eating chametz on Pesach). He then lists eighteen sins for which people are "liable to death at the hands of God", implication being that they don't have kares, such as a non-kohen who ate t'ruma.


6

The Kollel Iyun HaDaf answers your question in its intro to Keritut 2 and lists a number of differences Some sins are so severe that they are punished with untimely death. There are two types of untimely death that are used as heavenly punishments: Kares, and Misah b'Yedei Shamayim. Kares means "being severed" from the world and dying before one's ...


6

The Gemara in Megila 22b inform us: נקוט האי כללא בידך כל דטפי ליה מילתא מחבריה טפי ליה גברא יתירא הלכך בר''ח ומועד דאיכא קרבן מוסף קורין ארבעה ביו''ט דאסור בעשיית מלאכה חמשה ביוה''כ דענוש כרת ששה שבת דאיכא איסור סקילה שבעה‏ In English: The holier (Lit. better) a day, the more people get called up to the Torah. Therefore, on Rosh Chodesh and Chol ...


6

We see from the following Gemora, that between 60 and 80 if someone dies suddenly - [without being sick for three days - תוספות שבת כה. ד"ה וכרת], it is somewhat of a Kares. Moed Katan 28a: רב יוסף כי הוה בר שיתין עבד להו יומא טבא לרבנן אמר נפקי לי מכרת א"ל אביי נהי דנפק ליה מר מכרת דשני מכרת דיומי מי נפיק מר א"ל נקוט לך מיהא פלגא בידך The Gemara ...


5

Answers for if it was by accident (or if did not know the law) Shulchan aruch yd 185.4 יִתְעַנֶּה מ' יוֹם, וְאֵינָן צְרִיכִין לִהְיוֹת רְצוּפִים, רַק כָּל שָׁבוּעַ שְׁנֵי יָמִים, כְּגוֹן שֵׁנִי וַחֲמִשִּׁי, וּבְלֵיל הַתַּעֲנִית אָסוּר בְּיַיִן וּבָשָׂר. וְאִם לֹא יוּכַל לְהִתְעַנּוֹת, יִפְדֶּה כָּל יוֹם בְּמָמוֹן שֶׁיִּתֵּן לִצְדָקָה, כְּפִי עֵרֶךְ ...


5

All such prohibitions are written twice - once as a warning, and the second time to give out the punishment. You see this with all the incestuous prohibitions very clearly. But things in the ten commandments are the same way. No punishments listed there, but the prohibition repeated later with the punishment. In fact, the Talmud will often ask, when it is ...


4

No. The most severe sins warrant the death penalty at the hands of a Sanhedrin if properly warned etc., such as murder and violating shabbos. I believe a subset of those can warrant Karet if done intentionally but unwitnessed. The next category warrant Karet as a maximum, such as violating Yom Kippur or relations with one's sister. A Sanhedrin could give ...


4

Most opinions hold that the Kares applies only to a Jewish man who has relations with a non-Jewish woman (see Shulchan Aruch Even HaEzer 16), however, there is one minority opinion that it even applies to a Jewish woman who has relations with a non-Jewish man and that is the opinion of Rabbeinu Avrohom HaGadol (quoted by the Shiltei HaGiborim to the Hagahos ...


4

I don't know if he had a source, but a Rebbe of mine - Rav Yitzchok Fruchter of Jerusalem - explained this concept at various times. There are three types of invalid korban that someone who eats gets kares: a korban that was prepared with intent to eat it beyond the specified time, a korban when eaten beyond the specified time, and a korban eaten by ...


4

The Tosafot HaRosh is in Yevamot (34a) quoting R. Meir of Rothenburg. (Though in a resp. by R. Chaim of Vienna, son of the 'Ohr Zarua', (§164, beginning) he claims that RMR reconsidered his position.)


3

I’ll cite the relevant pieces momentarily, but here’s a quick summary of these ideas, according to the Rambam: Eternal Gehennom is exactly what it sounds like, while Kareis means being cut off from Olam HaBa - no Gehennom but no Gan Eden either. While the default is that a Jew has a share in Gan Eden (perhaps having a temporary dip in Gehennom first to ...


3

There are two points. Avera--Kapara and Tum'a--Tahara. Tum'a tahara: Boel nidda is unclean but today we do not accord a great importance to this kind of uncleanness in men[1]. In women it is associated with a prohibition of Boel nidda. 2nd Topic: chiluke Kapara, see the Gemara in Yuma. See bellow a summary of this halacha in RambamOf course, intercourse with ...


3

Because God said so. Exodus 12:15 שִׁבְעַת יָמִים מַצּוֹת תֹּאכֵלוּ אַךְ בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן תַּשְׁבִּיתוּ שְּׂאֹר מִבָּתֵּיכֶם: כִּי כָּל אֹכֵל חָמֵץ וְנִכְרְתָה הַנֶּפֶשׁ הַהִוא מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל מִיּוֹם הָרִאשֹׁן עַד יוֹם הַשְּׁבִעִי Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; howbeit the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses; ...


3

Summary Kares is still in effect. According to R' Shneur Zalman of Liadi, we no longer see that one dies at a young age from it since Kares kills one by cutting off his source of life from the side of Holiness, while nowadays, one can now live from the unholy side. R' Shneur Zalman of Liadi writes in Tanya (Iggeres HaTeshuva ch. 5): First he explains the ...


3

To answer the first part of the question, the Rambam in the introduction to Chelek writes: והמקמה הגמורה היא שתכרת הנפש ותאבד ושלא יהיה לה קיום והוא הכרת האמור בתורה. וענין הכרת הכרתת הנפש ... וכל מי ששקע בתענוגות הגופניות והזניח את האמת והעדיף את השוא נכרת מאותו השגב וישאר חומר מוכרת בלבד וכבר ביאר הנביא שהעולם הבא אינו נישג בחושים הגופניים The ...


3

The links you provide have to do with giving up one's life to prevent committing a sin. I'll answer according to your question on rabbinical violations that carry a death penalty. There is a baraita found throughout the Talmud (such as Ber. 4b) which states: וכל העובר על דברי חכמים חייב מיתה Anyone who transgresses the pronouncements of the Sages ...


2

The Ramban on Vayikra 18:29 discusses three types of Kares. One is dying young, but retaining a portion in the world to come - both the spiritual world and the ultimate world of the Resurrection. The second is living a longer life, but losing the world of souls after death, but still retaining a portion in the Resurrection. (The Ramban - pace the Rambam - ...


2

What is Chayav Karet? Starting Biah, which is called heara (i.e. at least penetration of the glans), is defined as biah (intercourse) in Arayot (prohibited sexual relationship) rules, whether vaginal or anal, and is called by Tora mishkeve Isha (Leviticus 20, 13)[1] ("woman's lying")). We will partially demonstrate this further. Torah told about ...


2

Karet does not require witnesses or a warning. These are required for a punishment given by a human court, so that the human court knows that the sin was intentional. So for a penalty of lashes or the death penalty. However, if there is a presence of witnesses and warning then the court can give lashes for an offence that is chayev karet. (Source: Makot, ...


1

Meseches Megillah (daf 22b) says that an Aliya, or a Torah reading, is added every time we add something. For example: from weekdays to Rosh Chodesh, we add mussaf, therefore Rosh Chodesh has 4 Aliya’s while weekdays only have 3. The Gemara then goes on to say: ביום הכיפורים דענוש כרת שישה, שבת דאיכא איסור סקילה שבעה.- on Yom Kippur there are six, because ...


1

According to Rashi Kares can fall on the children of the offender and only occurs at the offenders half way point through life. The Ibn Ezra (Breshis 17,14)says before 25 years old is kares. The Rambam seems to say that Kares only hurts a person on this world. My source https://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%9B%D7%A8%D7%AA#%D7%94%D7%94%D7%91%D7%93%D7%9C_%D7%91%...


1

For a person to get a Biblically mandated punnishment, they must meet the "shiur" requirement - in this case, eat the volume of a "kzayis" of Chametz within the time span of "kdei achilas pras". The accepted Halacha is that "chetzei shiur asur" - even eating less than this amount (or in a greater time-span) is Biblically prohibited. However, no punnishment ...


1

The issues that might possibly make it liable to "Kares" would be blood (dam) or certain fats (cheilev). With regards to blood, not all blood carries a Kares penalty although it is all biblically prohibited. See The Prohibition Of Eating Blood Kares, is incurred for blood that issues during karbanot, piercing or decapitation, as long as there is redness ...


1

These quotes deal with separate issues: touching a menstruating woman or laying down next to her makes one ritually impure. Having intercourse, whether standard or "back door" is punishable by being cut off from the people, but not death. Physical contact which is not standard or "back door" intercourse does not carry the penalty of being cut off - it ...


1

This is basically a question on a Mishna Sanhedrin 9, 6, and is concerning difference between Jewish men and women concerning the prohibition for relationship with non-Jewish partner. I will divide the topic in 3 (based on Baal Hamaor and Ramban Rabenu Yona and Ran for the moment): A man with a non-Jewish woman; Ramban in Milchamot stated that it is ...


1

It seems to me that the question is more about "Why does karet is described differently in different puskim?", rather than "are there different kinds of karet" (and a possible answer could be "since there are different kinds of karet"). Especially, when considering other karet descriptions, such as in Shmot 12:16: כִּי כָּל-אֹכֵל מַחְמֶצֶת, וְנִכְרְתָה ...


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