Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (131:1) states:
ואל יחשוב האדם שזוהי כפרתו ממש, אלא יחשב כי כל מה שעושין בעוף הזה, היה
ראוי לבוא עליו בעונותיו. ויתאונן על חטאיו, והקדוש-ברוך-הוא ברחמיו יקבל
A person should not think, however, that this ceremony itself actually atones for him. On the contrary, [he should look at the ceremony as symbolic in nature, ...
Hacham Ovadia Yosef has a Kelal called "Bimkom Minhag Kadum En Omrim Kibalnu Horaot Maran- in the place where there is a preexisting Minhag we don't follow Maran". In this case there was a preexisting Minhag to do Kaparot therefor we do Kaparot.
The reason Hacham Ovadia holds like this is because Maran writes in the Hakdama to Bet Yosef that he didn't come ...
Nitei Gavriel Yom Kippur 10:2:4 says that a chicken was selected for the following reasons.
A: It is not too expensive.
B: It should not seem like a Korbon (Makriv Kodoshim BaChutz). And a chicken is not used as a Korbon.
Nitei Gavriel Yom Kippur 10:17 says that it can be done also with live fish and money, and you also wave the money around your head.
Whatever it is that would cause a fetus to die or grow sickly, whether it is the sins of the parents or a gezeira or nature roulette, which is 'hanging over the head' of this fetus, will be effected by the kaparos which will draw that away into the chicken.
Rav Eli Mansour, in his Daily Halacha [sic], brings over that the Rashb"a, Shulhhan Arukh and Peri Hadash all come out against the custom of waving and slaughtering chickens to perform kaparot. He says that their pesaqim are al pi hapeshat.
He therefore brings over that the Arizal and the Ben Ish Hai, al pi haqabbalah, rule in favor of the use of chickens.
The quotations used are designed to show that Korbanot are not the principal method of atonement, nor are they set up to overshadow the other halachot. However those karbanot that are required must be performed according to the halacha. as we see in Rambam Hilchos Melachim 11:1
In the future, the Messianic king will arise and renew the Davidic
yes and no
Mishna berrura 605.2
כי כל עשי"ת הוא זמן לכפרות [פמ"ג ע"ש].
All of the 10 days of teshuva is the time for kappros [pri megodim, see there]
from the maharal m'prag's book
נתיבות עולם - נתיב הבטחון - פרק א
page 232 last paragraph on the page and the first paragraph on the next page
it seems that anytime ...
since the fish is considered killed when between the fins the area of a sela coin dries (shulchan aruch harav 316.13)
probably the only option that you gave that will work is "Holding the fish in a bowl"
ps maybe a wet towel will work
the maharal mi prag brings that the source of kaparot from gemoro is the Rabbi Akiva (ish gam zu)'s story with the ...