3

Daas Soferim on 21:38 suggests that when the cities were being allotted, there weren't suitable ones in Reuven's territory. (There are various criteria for them, listed in Makkos 10a and codified from there in Rambam, Hil. Rotzeach 8:8 - not too big or too small, in commercial areas, etc.) So the Leviim got, in effect, an IOU from Reuven to build four such ...


2

As noted by @DanF in the comments, משאל and משל aren't tribes in Asher but two names of a city in the territory of Asher, one of a group of cities given to the Levites (see commentators on the verse). Again, as noted by DanF, name variations are not uncommon in Tanach, and in particular in Divrei Hayamim. Several of the Levite cities listed there, for ...


1

I'd like to note that Rabbi Mordechai Breur in his book "כתר ארם צובה והנוסח המקובל של המקרא" points out that though the song of the five seranim is written in song form (hence it being called a "song"), it is written in what he calls an "unnatural" form, as opposed to the song of the Canaanite kings, which is written in a "...


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