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11 votes
Accepted

Was Eliphaz a prophet?

The Talmud (Bava Basra 15b) includes Eliphaz, Iyovs's colleague, as one of a short list of prophets who prophesied for the nations of the world. שבעה נביאים נתנבאו לאומות העולם, ואלו הן: בלעם, ואביו, ...
IsraelReader's user avatar
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10 votes

Are there examples in Tanach of 3 or more parties having an ongoing conversation?

In Jeremiah 26 there is a conversation involving six different named parties: Jeremiah speaks to the nation, the priests and the prophets The nation, the priests, and the prophets respond The princes ...
b a's user avatar
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10 votes
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Why does the Pasuk say אִיּ֣וֹב שְׁמ֑וֹ?

R. Isaac Ben Judah Halevi asks this about a different case, and uses the case of Job as a proof in his answer. Pa'aneach Raza Parshat Vayeira וי"ל דלא אמרו כי אם בסתמא לא במקום שהענין מוכיח שהרי ...
Alex's user avatar
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7 votes

How long did Iyov suffer unfairly until G-d gave him blessings for resisting it?

The Mishna (Eduyot 2:10) says the judgement of Iyov was 12 months.
Double AA's user avatar
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7 votes

Universe has no foundation- Iyov

Job 26:7: נוטה צפון על-תוהו; תולה ארץ, על-בלי-מה. Trans.: He stretches out the north over chaos; He suspends the earth on nothing
Oliver's user avatar
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7 votes
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The grammatical nature of וָאִמָּלְטָה in the context of Job 1:15. How exactly did the only surviving servant "slip away"?

I don't think that the final ה indicates the cohortative here, but rather it is a paragogic ה- attached to a wayyiqtol form of the root מלט (nif`al). This type of ה is described in Joüon & Muraoka ...
Argon's user avatar
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6 votes
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Elevated Ayin (ע) in Iyov 38:13 and 38:15

Talmud Sanhedrin 103b אמר ר"ש בן לקיש מאי דכתיב (איוב לח, טו) וימנע מרשעים אורם וזרוע רמה תשבר מפני מה עי"ן של רשעים תלויה כיון שנעשה אדם רש מלמטה נעשה רש מלמעלה ולא נכתביה כלל ר' יוחנן ור"א חד ...
Double AA's user avatar
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6 votes

Seeking information on the Targum to Iyov

There do exist a few fragments of a Targum to Job from Qumran (11QtgJob). They can be found online here with an English translation or here as plaintext. This article by A. S. Van der Woude dates ...
b a's user avatar
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5 votes

God talking to Satan in the Book of Job,how did they know?

Rambam writes in Moreh Nevuchim ("Guide to the Perplexed), 2:45, that the Ketuvim, Writing, which includes the book of Job, that they were written under the inspiration of the holy spirit. (2) The ...
josh waxman's user avatar
5 votes

If Moses wrote the Book of Job, was he Job's contemporary and writing history or is the Book an inspirational work of fiction?

The following possibilities are mentioned in the Talmud in Bava Batra 15a-15b for when Job lived. Some of them are derived from Scriptural verses, and some of them are questioned. (All translations ...
Alex's user avatar
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5 votes

Why Job was subjected to pain and misery despite he was a pious man?

here's one reason from Rabeinu Bachye in Chovos Halevavos gate 4. If one asks: Behold we see some tzadikim (very righteous people) which do not receive their livelihood except after hard and ...
ray's user avatar
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5 votes

Are there examples in Tanach of 3 or more parties having an ongoing conversation?

I believe the conversation in Gen. 34:6-18 between Shechem, Chamor and the Benai Yaakov fits the criteria. I have included the text along with notes in brackets indicating each party. Then Shechem’...
rikitikitembo's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Eliphaz HaTeimoni - who was he?

According to H'Ichud B'Chidud - Vol 57 - Vayeshev 5769 and also in Vol 95 - Ki Savo 5769 Eliphaz HaTeimoni is Eliphaz the son of Eisav. ואליפז התימני הוא אליפז בנו של עשו
Gershon Gold's user avatar
4 votes

Eliphaz and Bildad Zophar

Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia notes (in its characteristically cursory way) that some manuscripts ("mlt mss") have "וְצֹפַר". Exactly which manuscripts have this form is unclear; Aleppo codex, ...
Argon's user avatar
  • 3,847
4 votes

On what basis do we understand references to Orion and the Pleiades in Iyov?

Orion Since Kesil means foolish or stupid, the astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli (1835-1910) in the book Astronomy In The Old Testament, Kessinger Publishing, 2007, p. 60-1 suggest that "...the ...
Renato S. Grun's user avatar
4 votes

On what basis do we understand references to Orion and the Pleiades in Iyov?

The translation of Pleiades and Orion is an ancient tradition. The Septuagint, a Jewish translation from the third century BCE, translates Job 38:31 as: Συνῆκας δὲ δεσμὸν Πλειάδος καὶ φραγμὸν ᾿...
Argon's user avatar
  • 3,847
4 votes

Is the commentary of Rabbaynu Saadya Gaon on Iyov available online?

It is indeed. The first 40 pages can be viewed for free, and the rest are behind a paywall at Otzar Hachochma. There are various options for purchasing passes to use Otzar Hachochma (for various ...
רבות מחשבות's user avatar
4 votes

How does God's bet with Satan square with monotheistic theology?

However, it clearly presents God and Satan in a henotheistic way, e.g.(1) God doesn't know Satan's whereabouts,(2) Satan distrusts God's explicit knowledge,(3) God lets Satan do as he pleases with God'...
Schmerel's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

May one learn commentaries of permitted texts on Tisha B'av?

Shulchan Aruch 554:2 ומותר ללמוד מדרש איכה ופרק אלו מגלחין וכן ללמוד פירוש איכה ופירוש איוב:
Chatzkel's user avatar
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3 votes

Do we know of any animals that behave this way? (Bava Basra 16a)

Dr. Slifkin writes (The Torah Encyclopedia of The Animal Kingdom p. 234) writes: Taken at face value, these descriptions do not concur with our knowledge of what actually happens; deer are observed ...
Oliver's user avatar
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3 votes

Why were the Egyptians judged for twelve lunar months, rather than solar ones?

With one simple question, I believe I can answer this: since when is Iyar to Nissan twelve months? Even if we assume that it was Rosh Chodesh Iyar on which this incident took place, why would the ...
DonielF's user avatar
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3 votes

Why didn’t Iyov commit suicide?

Iyov believes in God, and believes that God is intentionally causing him to suffer, but he cannot figure out why. He is struggling to make sense of his suffering in terms of his relationship with and ...
simyou's user avatar
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3 votes

Which Chachamim or great figures in our tradition got divorced? What is said about these marriages?

The biblical source for Abraham's divorce from Hagar is as cited in the first answer; the traditional source is the Pirkei DeRebbi Eliezer (ch. 30) where it is stated that Abraham was instructed by ...
Oliver's user avatar
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3 votes

Which Chachamim or great figures in our tradition got divorced? What is said about these marriages?

The Biblical source for Abraham divorcing Hagar is Genesis 21. The word גָּרֵשׁ (which means divorce in other contexts, such as Leviticus 21:7). Though some bring an opinion that Abraham remarried ...
b a's user avatar
  • 24.8k
3 votes

How long did Iyov suffer unfairly until G-d gave him blessings for resisting it?

Iyov didn't suffer unfairly. Talmud reveals he was one of the advisors of the Pharaoh who decreed the infanticide of male Jewish babies. Apparently, Iyov was indifferent and did not challenge this ...
ddas91600's user avatar
  • 378
3 votes

What does the term "sons of G-d" mean?

There are three different concepts being brought in these citations that you bring. They all relate, but convey very different messages. First of all, you are asking about "sons of god" (בני האלהים). ...
Yaacov Deane's user avatar
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3 votes

Are there examples in Tanach of 3 or more parties having an ongoing conversation?

This is very interesting! I can think of many examples in the Torah where you might expect a multilateral conversation, but instead, the narrative fits your pattern. Gen. 3:9-19 might be taken as one ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
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3 votes

Are there examples in Tanach of 3 or more parties having an ongoing conversation?

Here are a few examples that I think at least somewhat fulfill your criteria: Genesis 24:55-58 Rebecca's mother and brother tell Abraham's servant that Rebecca should remain with them for a while. ...
Alex's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Where is the first time that Tehillim, Mishlei, Iyov are referred to as ספרי אמ"ת?

According to Chaim Shimon Neuhausen in his essay "תרגום אף ב"אמ"ת"", Otzar Hachaim, vol. 8, 1932, this acronym was created by the Masoretes, though he doesn't write which of ...
Harel13's user avatar
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3 votes

How does God's bet with Satan square with monotheistic theology?

Saadiah wrote that Satan in Job is a contemporary human. Similarly, the “sons of G-d,” in Job, were probably adherents of a religious cult. Maimonides agreed. He felt that since G-d is good and only ...
Jonathan's user avatar
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