There is a comprehensive compendium of the Rebbe’s discussions on science topics as related to the Torah: Mind over Matter: The Lubavitcher Rebbe on Science, Technology, and Medicine, compiled by Rabbi Joseph Ginsburg and Professor Herman Branover, edited and translated by Arnie Gotfryd, Ph.D. (Jerusalem: Shamir, 2003).
Here are 3 books not already mentioned which are highly relevant and which I appreciated
Gerald Schroeder: The Science of God: The Convergence of Scientific and Biblical Wisdom (2009) which "demonstrates the surprising parallels between a variety of Biblical teachings and the findings of biochemists, paleontologists, astrophysicists, and quantum physicists. ...
Immortality, Resurrection and the Age of the Universe: A Kabbalistic View by Rabbi Kaplan discusss many of these topics.
See the table of contents:
The age of the universe
Longevity and immortality in Judaic sources
On the resurrection
Astrology: stars and angles
Male and female
I am a Reform Jew, so I think you should read at least one book from reform rabbi.
I think "The God Upgrade, Finding your 21st Century Spirituality in Judaism’s 5000 Year Old Tradition" By Rabbi Jamie S. Korngold, Jewish Lights Publishing, 2011, 143 pages, is a great source.
They are many good sites to learn about Judaism, but the best, in my opinion, is Israel Drazin. He reviews books and prefers rational Judaism. Here is his website:https://booksnthoughts.com/
He writes a total of 50 books. My favorite is “Maimonides: Reason above all” by Rabbi Israel Drazin.
Mesora is good, too. http://www.mesora.org/
But if you want to ...
The Challenge of Creation by R. Natan Slifkin
Torah, Chazal, and Science by R. Moshe Meiselman
These two books contain very different approaches; in fact, the latter may be considered largely a rebuttal to the former. Between the two of them, you should be able to cover the main approaches.
One such book is called Zecher Lemikdash (5649), on the laws of hakhel.
You can see his haskama on the first edition here.
The second posthumous publication (5706) names him, with additions from his manuscript.
(Bibliographic information that helped me find the two editions came from here.)
The book in question is called Aharit HaShanim, and was indeed published anonymously by Aderet, with his own approbation. It discusses the topic of vidui ma'aser.
See footnote 1a to this blogpost for photos of the title page and Aderet's approbation.
An updated version, without the approbations, can be found on HebrewBooks.org here.
For a further example, ...
I now use the Chorev Tikkun and with the Simanim Tikkun on the side.
Benefits of the Chorev:
Uses the actual Breuer text.
Distinguishes shva nah/nach and kamatz katan.
The side of the page without trop looks exactly like the sefer torah - the Simanim has random highlights and other markings on the
"torah" side which I find distracting.
Both sides of the ...
One such work is Rabbi Daniel Mann's A Glimpse of Greatness: A Study in the Works of Giants of Lomdus, which was reviewed here. There is also a Hebrew biography titled Shnei Keruvim by Meir Herskowitz, about the Ketzos and the Tosfos Yom Tov.