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13

Rashi on Bereishis 37:33 says חיה רעה אכלתהו - נתנצה בו רוח הקדש (ב"ר) סופו שתתגרה בו אשת פוטיפר ולמה לא גלה לו הקב"ה לפי שהחרימו וקללו את כל מי שיגלה ושתפו להקב"ה עמהם (תנחומא) אבל יצחק היה יודע שהוא חי אמר היאך אגלה והקב"ה אינו רוצה לגלות לו The brothers had sat in court and adjudicated that anyone who would reveal to Yaakov what happened with Yosef ...


10

Ramban (Genesis 45:27) writes that according to the peshat, it does not appear that Yaakov ever found out what happened to Yosef: יראה לי על דרך הפשט שלא הוגד ליעקב כל ימיו כי אחיו מכרו את יוסף, אבל חשב כי היה תועה בשדה והמוצאים אותו לקחוהו ומכרו אותו אל מצרים He bases himself off Genesis (50:15-7) which states that after Yaakov's death the brothers ...


9

The Maharam Shik posed this question in the first teshuva on Even Ha'ezer. (See the second and third paragraphs here). He says that the Avot wanted to have holy descendants and therefore delayed the mitzva of 'peru urvu' until the time that they could find the most suitable spouse. Generally, one is allowed to delay the fulfilment of a mitzva if one will ...


9

According to the Hazal, Yaakov lost his prophecy the entire time that Yosef was gone. The verse describing Jacob's reaction to being told that Joseph was alive (Gen. 45:27): וַתְּחִ֕י ר֖וּחַ יַעֲקֹ֥ב אֲבִיהֶֽם And the spirit of their father Jacob was enlivened. Is rendered by Targum Onkelos as ושרת רוח קודשא על יעקב אבוהון The holy spirit [...


8

Yaakov with a vav: Leviticus (26:42), Jeremiah (30:18), (33:26), (46:27), (51:19). Eliyahu without a vav: II Kings (1:3), (1:4), (1:8), (1:12), Malachi (3:23).


7

Several commentators do explicitly state that Reuven actually did lie with Bilhah. Bechor Shor ונמצא שאבד שתי נשיו רחל שמתה ובלהה ששכב ראובן עמה And it turned out that he lost two of his wives – Rachel who died, and Bilhah whom Reuven lay with. Radak הלך לאהל בלהה ושכב עמה He went to Bilhah's tent and lay with her. Ralbag הלך ראובן ושכב ...


6

The Ramban is bothered by this as well, and makes the question stronger - the shevatim were not born that far apart from each other and really all of them could be a son of old age. Rather he explains it as a son who serves the father in his old age, not who was born in the father's old age. The other brothers were off shepherding (and Binyomin was ...


6

Your idea that Yaakov does not favor Binyamin as highly because he is a reminder of Rachel's death is suggested by the Chizkuni: ואם תאמר הרי בנימין בן זקונים יותר, אלא אין אהבת בנימין קשורה בלבו של יעקב כאהבתו של יוסף, לפי שכשילדתו אמו מתה Other commentators address this question as well: R' Yosef Bechor Shor and Ralbag opine that Yosef is called בן ...


4

The Sifsei Chachamim asks this question and answers that all the sons until Yosef were born within six years, whereas Binyamin wasn't born till many years later. As such, in the family dynamics, Yosef was the Ben Zkunim and was called this even after Binyamin was born, out of habit. The Gur Aryeh seems to be the source for this and explains further that ...


4

The Shem MiShmuel (Parashat Vayetse) writes that Yaakov was originally meant to serve God through the mode of assei tov, and Esav was supposed to serve God through the mode of sur mera: עקב ועשו ועל דעת כך נבראו. יעקב יזכה לשלימותו ע"י עשה טוב, וכך הי' ממלא תעודתו איש תם יושב אוהלים. ועשו נברא עם תכונות רעות שהי' מושכין אותו לכל רע, והכוונה היתה שיתאמץ ...


4

Roughly speaking, it can at least be argued but we'd be dishonest if we equated it to the idea of a mainstream society "guardian" angel. Outside of Judaism, you hear this idea that every person has a personal angel assigned to them who is invested in their outcome. The "guardian angel" of modern society (roughly speaking) In Judaism, angels are specific ...


3

As explained at http://parsha.blogspot.com/2010/12/reuven-and-bilhah.html?m=1, it is the opinion of various Tannaim (Rabbi Yehoshua, Rabbi Yehudah HaNasi) in the Midrash and Talmud that Reuven literally had relations with Bilhah.


3

I wrote about this here in my blog. Here are two answers from the blog: The second question has two different answers. The first goes as follows (Rav Abihasira). The word Yaaqob is: Yod Ayin Kof and Bet, while the word Yaabeq (wrestle) which is used in the Pasuk is: Yod Alef Kof Bet. What is the difference between the two? The Ayin and the Alef. Each ...


3

The Meiri suggests a non-literal interpretation of the Midrash in his introduction to Beit HaBehira: וכן דרכי התורה יודיעו הטוב והרע והיודעיו ישוב בנקל מחטאיו או ישמור עצמו מתחלתו שלא לעשותם...שאם יחייבוהו משפטי מערכת תולדתו באחת מן התכונות הרעות דרכי התורה יגדרוהו וישמרוהו מצוק העתים...שלא יזיקו לו המונעים המזגיים כלל אבל יכנעו לו לכל רצונו והוא אצלי גם ...


3

Radak (Gen. 32:25) explains that the man whom Ya'akov struggled with was an angel. He explains that God sent the angel in order to embolden Ya'akov in his struggle against Esav. Just as he was victorious in his first battle, he was assured of future victory. ויאבק איש עמו... איש מלאך, וכן והנה איש עומד לנגדו (יהושע ה')...ושלח האל זה המלאך ליעקב לחזק לבו ...


2

There are two main approaches to the purchase, found in the Rishonim. That Ya'akov purchased the monetary inheritance right generally held by the firstborn. Suggested by: Rashbam, Ibn Ezra, Rabbenu Hayyim Paltiel, the Da'at Z'kenim Tosafist compilation, the Hadar Z'keim Tosafist compilation, the Toldot Yitshak (by the uncle and mentor of R. Yosef Karo), ...


2

Malbim asks this question in his commentary to 31:45. He suggests that this was a two-part pact between Lavan and Ya'akov. They were treat each other properly both publicly and privately. The former can be supervised by other people, while the latter can only be overseen by God. The two monuments correspond to these two elements of the pact. The גל is ...


2

The popularity of this interpretation is certainly due to the Haggada צֵא וּלְמַד מַה בִּקֵּשׁ לָבָן הָאֲרַמִּי לַעֲשׂוֹת לְיַעֲקֹב אָבִינוּ: שֶׁפַּרְעֹה לֹא גָזַר אֶלָּא עַל הַזְּכָרִים, וְלָבָן בִּקֵּשׁ לַעֲקֹר אֶת־הַכֹּל. שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: אֲרַמִּי אֹבֵד אָבִי, וַיֵּרֶד מִצְרַיְמָה וַיָּגָר שָׁם בִּמְתֵי מְעָט, וַיְהִי שָׁם לְגוֹי גָּדוֹל, עָצוּם וָרָב. ...


2

R' Elazar Shapira in sefer Shaar Yashuv suggests that Yaakov thought that he might live only to 120 (the standard human lifespan), and also that he planned to marry only Rachel. In which case, allowing time for 13 births (12 shevatim, plus one girl to fulfill Pru Urvu), with spacing between them for her recovery, would take 36 years - exactly the amount of ...


2

As Levi points out in comments above, there are many interpretations of who was the wrestler against Yaakov. I want to try and offer an interpretation as to why Yaakov had to struggle and what we can learn from it. This is starting from an idea of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, much of the rest a personal interpretation. It is a bit long, treat it as a dvar Torah if ...


2

This is likely not the answer you're looking for, but this is the best I could figure out. The first common maternal ancestor for the Shevatim was either Shem's wife, or more likely Na'amah b' Lamech. According to meforshim on Bereishit 4:22 she became Noach's wife and was the mother of Shem, Cham, and Japhet.


2

From sefer hasidim on why no one was allowed to tell Yaakov about Yosef still being alive. תתתתשסא. אמרו שבני יעקב שמו חרם שלא להגיד על מכירת יוםף ואיך יתכן שהקב״ה יסכים והם חוטאים ולמה לא יגיד ליעקב? אלא כך אמרו כיון שמוציא דיבה עלינו ויודע שאנחנו שונאים אותו כי אמר לאבינו מה שלא עשינו והוא אומר שימלוך עלינו וכתיב (שם לז ח) ויוםיפו עוד שנא אתו על חלמותיו ...


1

Rabeinu bechayei (aka bachyeh) writes: רבינו בחיי בראשית פרשת ויצא פרק לא פסוק מו והנה יעקב הרים אבן למצבה וצוה לאחי לבן שילקטו אבנים כמותו שיהיו מצבות, ולא אמר: שיעשו גל, אבל הם לקטו אבנים ויעשו גל, והיתה כונתם כלפי אמונתם ועבודתם שהיו עובדים החמה Meaning, yaakov wanted lavan to do exactly as he did; to set up a matzeiva. also he asked that all the ...


1

This is not a complete answer, but here's a little something about the matzevah: https://wikivisually.com/wiki/Matzevah In the Israel Museum in Yerushalayim, there are some matzevot on display. We were told that they represented the Diety in some way, and accompanied private altars. Both the matzevah and the gal symbolized "covenants". I appreciated your ...


1

The earliest sources I know of who ask this question, are the Pirkey D'Rabbi Eliezer (ch. 37 in ed. Higger) and the Tanhuma (ed. Buber Vayeshev 5). Rashbam to Genesis (35:18) answers that Yosef spent years as "the baby" before Binyamin was born. By then, Ya'akov was already particularly attached to Yosef. Shadal also quotes this explanation in his ...


1

R. Avraham Ben Harambam writes in Hamaspik L'ovdey Hashem (ed. Wincelberg pg. 369) that this was due to his pious asceticism: For this reason, one who aspires to this lofty way should embark on it before he has a wife and children who might distract him from spiritual pursuits. Doubting one who plans to marry and then involve himself in Torah study, our ...


1

Radak (Gen. 32:25) explains that the man whom Ya'akov struggled with was an angel. He explains that God sent the angel in order to embolden Ya'akov in his struggle against Esav. Just as he was victorious in his first battle, he was assured of future victory. ויאבק איש עמו... איש מלאך, וכן והנה איש עומד לנגדו (יהושע ה')...ושלח האל זה המלאך ליעקב לחזק לבו ...


1

According to Targum [pseudo] Jonathan, (Gen. 32:25) the angel was calling in Jacob's neder to tithe all of G-d's gifts to him, (Gen 28:22). Jacob had 12 sons and a daughter whom he had not tithed. Jacob immediately set aside 4 firstborns for his 4 wives, and counted his 8 remaining children, (Perush Jonathan includes Binyamin, with whom Rachel was pregnant)...


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