14

Nitey Gavriel (Hilchos Sukkos pg. 378) quotes the Shu"t Zakan Aharon (OC 30) who proves from the Gemorah (see below) that Lechatchila one should not reuse another's Hoshanos. He (Nitey Gavriel) suggests that doing so is considered shameful to the custom of the Nevi'im of hitting the Arovos, and that since there are allusions to judgment and severity it is ...


10

Nitey Gavriel (Sukkos pg. 379 footnote 15) brings the custom in the name of the Malbushei Yom Tov to Levush 664:4 and Nitzutzei Zohar Parshas Tzav, who explain that it is in order to leave the sparks of judgment behind at the conclusion of the days of judgment and not take them back home. The custom is also brought in the Bikurey Yaakov (S"K 16). The Nitey ...


10

Kovetz Halachos from Rabbi Shmuel Kamenetzky says that it is Mutar L'Chatchila to reuse so long as there are leaves remaining on the Arava.


8

This priority is given in the Yerushalmi Sukkah 4:1: ר' סימון מפקד לאילין דמחשבין יהבון דעתכון דלא תעבדין לא תקיעתה בשבת ולא ערבתא בשבתא ואין אדחקון עבדון תקיעתה ולא תעבדון ערבתא R' Simon ordered those who calculate [the calendar rules], "See to it that you don't let the blowing of the Shofar be on Shabbos, or the [beating of the] Arava on Shabbos. If ...


5

Teshuvas Hage'onim (Sharey Teshuva Siman 340) cites two reasons in the name of Rav Tzemach Goan: 1) The leaves of the arova look like lips. Hitting them on the ground hints to fact that we require atonement, and therefore fulfill the verse in Eicha (3:29) "יתן בעפר פיהו, אולי יש תקווה" (Let him put his mouth into the dust; there may yet be hope), meaning to ...


4

I can't see any reason why lack of a minyan invalidates regular hoshanot. The Ben Ish Chai (last subsection in first year parshat Haazinu) says that the main requirement according to the kabbalists is to encircle the tevah /bimah one on each day of chol hamoed an 7 on hoshaanah rabbah (even though no Sefer Torah is present). He mentions that people who ...


4

Nitei Gavriel Succah 79:5 says that it is proper not to reuse an Arava that was used already, however there is no problem Halachically. Kovetz Halachos from Rabbi Shmuel Kamenetzky says that it is Mutar L'Chatchila to reuse so long as there are leaves remaining on the Arava.


4

Luach Dvar B'Itoh According to the Luach Dvar B'Itoh it's a Chassidish Minhag to blow after each round of the 7 Hakafot on Hoshana Rabba. His sources it from the Shloh HaKadosh, and other sources that I can't decipher unambiguously, if at all. מנ' ק"ק חס' לתקוע תשר"ת (ולמ"צ: תשר"ת תש"ת תר"ת. מ 365 ) בין "הושענא" ל"הושענא" (ומקורו בסדה"י ובשלה"ק. שו"...


4

Hoshanah Rabbah is the final day of Chol Hamoed Sukkot. As such (to quote from this chabad.org article): On the full-fledged festival days of Passover and Sukkot we are prohibited from creative work, much like Shabbat (with exceptions). On Chol Hamoed, however, we are permitted to do many of these activities. For example, we may use electricity or ...


3

Hagahot 216 to Minhagim (Tirna) on Sukkot quotes this statement. It's also brought in Matte Moshe 957, who seems to have copied directly from Minhagim. Neither explicitly says it's a midrash. However, Pa'neach Raza on Emor, who only makes reference to the first few words, does quote it as a midrash. Here is the text from the Hagahot to Minhagim (I put what ...


3

Qitzur Shulhhan Arukh, Yalqut Yosef (Orahh Hayim 664:9) states (my translation): על פי דברי רבותינו המקובלים חובטים את בדי הערבה בקרקע עולם, ולא על רצפה. והטעם מבואר בתשובת הגאונים, על פי מה שאמרו במדרש לקח טוב, לולב דומה לשדרו של אדם, הדס דומה לעינים, ערבה דומה לפה, והאתרוג דומה ללב. ובהיות שעד יום הושענא רבה, ישראל מרבים במצוות, ואם היה בא השטן לקטרג ...


3

It is a custom of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews globally. I just came from hearing it at Cong. Shearith Israel a few hours ago! The best source is probably the Keter Shem Tov of Shem Tov Guaguine. While the custom is quite old I have not been able to trace its source.


3

This source cites the Eliyahu Zuta as saying that the falling away of the leaves that we beat symbolizes the falling away of "sparks of judgment" as the period of judgment comes to a conclusion.


2

Mateh Mosheh 958 notes that there are five mornings where the custom was to pray early: Rosh HaShanah, Yom Kippur, Hoshana Rabbah, Purim and Tish'ah B'Av. He writes that praying early on Hoshana Rabbah is hinted at by the verse (Eichah 3:23): .חֲדָשִׁים לַבְּקָרִים רַבָּה אֱמוּנָתֶךָ‏ They are renewed every morning — Ample is Your grace! The ...


2

The "Noheg K'Tzon Yosef" (pg. 298) cited in Nitey Gavriel (Hilchos Sukkos pg. 383) explains the reason for the minhag of eating a seudah on Hoshana Rabba to demonstrate our confidence in a victorious outcome of the judgment. Accordingly, the seuda should be held irrespective of whether it is in the Sukkah or not.


2

The writing from the Vilna Gaon are most likely referring to the sealed letter which the Gaon wanted opened 100 years after his passing. It can be found in the Rav Menachem Kasher edition of Sefer Kol HaTor entitled "HaTekufah HaGadolah". It was published in 1972 and is still available in print. This schedule is also discussed in Sefer Kol HaTor. The Arutz ...


2

From practical experience the #1 problem is a tight circle which is not large enough for all the congregants. My Shul used to have this problem and has stopped having this problem when they expanded the circle size according to the size of the crowd. Some Shuls may not have the liberty of expanding the circle size due to the set up, and some just may have ...


2

See in Shulchan Aruch Orach Chayim 664, I will try to quote statements in SA, RMA and commentaries which contain comparison to Yom Kippur or to the judgment for the year. Sayif 1 in RMA. כתבו הראשונים ז"ל, שיש סימן בצל הלבנה בליל הושענא רבה מה שיקרה לו או לקרוביו באותה השנה. ‏ Some Rishonim wrote that there is a sign at the shade of the moon, which ...


2

The Spinka chassidim apparently have a custom to make kiddish on Hoshanah Rabbah. They originate from Romania. Here is a link from a Spinka kiddish from this year... http://youtu.be/D8fLdoT67yE https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinka_(Hasidic_dynasty) Looking a little further, in the siddur of Rabbi Shabbtai of Rashkov for the Regalim, there is a unique ...


2

Rav Shimshon Raphael Hirsch writes in Chorev here (second paragraph) that after we have encircled the Bimah seven times we beat the Aravos as a means to remove any sense of Ga'avah (haughtiness / arrogance) from our hearts and the belief that our successes come from us alone. He says that the Aravah is symbolic of the 'chomer' lit. the material i.e. it is ...


1

According to Rabbi Mansour, the purpose of beating the aravot against the ground is to beat the lips of the Satan such that he will be unable to testify against us in the coming year. The connection to Hoshanah Rabah is that on that day our final judgement is sealed. As he explains "The reason for this custom relates to the comment of the Midrash that ...


1

Rav Yaakov Kamenetsky (in a much longer discussion of the status of Hoshana Rabbah and why Chazal don't explicitly say it that it is the final day of judgment etc.)explains that Hoshana Rabbah is similar to the concept of filing an appeal. Yom Kippur is the Gemar Din. Therefore we say V'Chsmainu then. Hoshana Rabbah is the last day to change that judgment ...


1

Take a look at the weekly 'Hiskashrus' magazine - issue 1161 - 19 Tishrei 5777 In the 'weekly calendar' section - which deals with the customs pertaining to the week to come - the following is written regarding the Hoshanot :הושענות מוציאים את כל ספרי-התורה שבהיכל, ועומדים עמם ליד הבימה. אומרים(29) את ז' ההושענות, ‏ then in footnote 29: י"...


1

See Kitzur Shulchan Aruch סימן קלח - דיני הושענא רבא מִנְהַג נְבִיאִים, שֶׁכָּל אֶחָד יִטּוֹל בְּיוֹם זֶה עֲרָבָה מְיֻחֶדֶת, מִלְּבַד הָעֲרָבָה שֶׁבַּלוּלָב.‏ So you shouldn't be using the same Aravot for Lulav and Hoshanoth (as the Aravot for Hoshana Rabba are customarily called.). Furthermore I'm puzzled why you say you hold everything at the same ...


1

Some say that the aravos for Hoshana Rabba should not be tied together at all (Magen Avraham 664:8, brought by Mishna B'rura S"K 17), however the Mishna B'rura rules that the prevalent custom is to bind them together. Regarding what may be used to tie them, some hold (see Pri Megadim A"A S"K 4) that only aravos stalks should be used, as anything else would ...


1

Rabbi Shlomo Kluger writes (Chochmas Shlomo 664:3) that although there are certainly deep esoteric reasons behind the custom of beating the arovah, perhaps it could be explained according to the Midrash that the four species represent the four types of Jews: some have both smell and taste - Torah and good deeds - some have only one, and the arovah has ...


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