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31

The Gemara in many places (eg Chullin 10b) says there is a principle of 'eid echad neeman bisurin' (one witness is to be believed regarding forbidden things). This is as opposed to the two witnesses generaly required in court. The Ramban is his commentary there says that this reasoning is what allows one to eat food from his wife without a mashgiach because ...


20

The reason we require mashgiach and hechshers on products that you buy in the store or from a resteraunt, is because the person you are purchasing the food from gains a financial benefit from you purchasing. (obviously) There is therefore a temptation to lie or to cut corners in order to make a greater profit or to attract more customers. However, the ...


20

You have to get dressed in the way that your naked areas won't be exposed. You aren't allowed to say, "I am in my innermost room; who can see me?" G-d can see you. Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 2:1-2.


9

Wonderful question, in addition to your list here are things I would think about if space and budget were no issues (practically as much as halachically). The first three are closer to halachic requirements, the others are halachic nice-to-haves a square cubit of wall not finished ("unwhitewashed") in memory of the Temple's destruction (see here) space in ...


8

It is anonymous in a modern hebrew, here is a document in pdf of Rabbi Ari Zivotofsky: Over the last few decades, the so-called Birchat Habayit has found its way into many Jewish homes. Its words even have been used as a popular song on a recent Jewish album. This “prayer” seems to be a relatively recent phenomenon. The language and style are modern ...


7

I go to college and lived with a gentile roommate last semester, and I wish I had someone as considerate; but, let's get started. Obviously make sure to be considerate on Shabbat by leaving the bathroom light on and avoiding any sort of problem that must be solved by breaking one of the Shabbat rules. For example, don't leave something of importance that she ...


7

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chayim 240:4 (The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of R' Ganzfried (150:5) quotes him verbatim, and I'm quoting the translation of the Kitzur by R' Eliyahu Touger): It is forbidden to look at a woman's genitalia. Any person who looks at a woman's genitalia has no shame and violates the charge [Micha 6:8] "Walk modestly with your God." Going ...


7

In the Sheilos U'Teshuvos of the Maharsham (Rabbi Shalom Mordechai Shvadron) Chelek 4 Siman 146 he writes to a Rabbi in the city of Leipzig the following (my own translation with added clarifications): To answer your letter from the 2nd day of Chanuka, if it is permissible to light the Chanuka candles on the train - I did not find the matter to be so ...


7

R. Mordechai Yaffe mentions the custom of darkening one section of the wall as the zecher l'churban, but he says that this is not proper. Levush O.C. 560:1 ונ"ל מה שנוהגים עכשיו הבונים בתים ומסיידם אותו שמסיידין ומכיירין אותו כולו ואחר כך משחירין אמה על אמה בשיחור כנגד הפתח דלא יפה הם עושין כי אדרבה השיחור זה אינו מגנה את הבנין אבל מייפהו ומשמח הלב ...


7

This is explicitly addressed in Avodah Zarah 3:7: שְׁלשָׁה בָתִּים הֵן. בַּיִת שֶׁבָּנוּי מִתְּחִלָּה לַעֲבוֹדָה זָרָה, הֲרֵי זֶה אָסוּר. סִיְּדוֹ וְכִיְּרוֹ לַעֲבוֹדָה זָרָה וְחִדֵּשׁ, נוֹטֵל מַה שֶּׁחִדֵּשׁ. הִכְנִיס לְתוֹכָה עֲבוֹדָה זָרָה וְהוֹצִיאָהּ, הֲרֵי זֶה מֻתָּר. There are three houses: (1) A house which was initially built for idolatry, ...


6

The question should be: What is the basis for needing a certificate from an organization before patronizing a food establishment? If you think the food is kosher, eat it. If you're not sure, ask for proof. If you think it's not, don't eat there. But as @avi mentioned, there can be a monetary gain for a restaurant to claim it is kosher, so they might have an ...


6

David Rosen of Emory University School of Law writes as follows on page 44. Regarding destruction of homes of living terrorists these actions seem easy to justify under Jewish Law. Ezra 10:8 mentions confiscation of property as a criminal sanction when one disobeys lawful orders. The court, under the biblical commandment, may expropriate ...


6

From Aish.com When a Jew and non-Jew share a house, each having his own designated room or area, then a mezuzah is not posted on the common doorway. (Rama Y.D. 286:1 with Pitchei Teshuva 3)


6

From the Star-K website: Utensils require tevila without a brocha when the dishes or vessels are made from glazed china, bone china, stoneware, corning ware, or porcelain enamel. Other vessels requiring tevila without a brocha include: Utensils made from a combination of materials, e.g. metal pots coated with teflon or enamel... From the Kof-K ...


5

There are Jewish communities which have the custom that if a tragedy happened in a home, the current owners will move out. This is based on the Rabbinic expression "one who changes his location changes his luck". However, there is no reason for somebody else not to move into such a home. In Jerusalem - and other predominantly Jewish areas - such homes are ...


5

The Rambam writes (Hilchot Kilaim 1:4) אין אסור משום כלאי זרעים, אלא זרעים הראויין למאכל אדם; אבל עשבים המרים, וכיוצא בהן מן העיקרין שאינן ראויין אלא לרפואה, וכיוצא בהן--אין בהן משום כלאי זרעים.‏ The prohibition of Kilei Zeraim (mixed seeds) only applies to seeds [of plants] which are human food. Bitter herbs and other herbs which are only used for ...


5

(I found all these sources in Nit'ei Gavriel on Aveilus ch. 32 footnote 1.) A "Chanukas HaBayis" is an old custom first mentioned (though not by name) in the midrash (Tanchuma Bereishis 2 et. al.). The Radak (Shorashim, חנך) writes that "it is a minhag to have a meal and happiness at the first eating that they eat in the new house." The Maharshal (Yam ...


5

I agree with the recommendation in this answer to consult a local rabbi for specific guidance. But before you dispose of them: You said that you're in an apartment and that the cases are really nice. It is possible that these were not abandoned by the previous tenant but are instead the property of the landlord, who might believe he's required (as a Jew) ...


5

וַאֲמַרְתֶּם כֹּה לֶחָי וְאַתָּה שָׁלוֹם וּבֵיתְךָ שָׁלוֹם וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר-לְךָ שָׁלוֹם: - שמואל א כה:ו "and thus ye shall say: All hail! and peace be both unto thee, and peace be to thy house, and peace be unto all that thou hast." - Samuel 2:25:6 אמר רבא: פשיטא לי נר ביתו ונר חנוכה נר ביתו עדיף משום שלום ביתו; נר ביתו וקידוש היום נר ביתו עדיף משום שלום ביתו....


5

Gemora Sukkah 3a-3b concerning the need of 4x4 amos (cubits) in a house: תנו רבנן בית שאין בו ארבע אמות על ארבע אמות פטור מן המזוזה ומן המעקה ואינו מטמא בנגעים ואינו נחלט בבתי ערי חומה ואין חוזרין עליו מעורכי המלחמה ואין מערבין בו ואין משתתפין בו ואין מניחין בו עירוב ואין עושין אותו עיבור בין שתי עיירות ואין האחין והשותפין חולקין בו ...


5

The Rambam Hilchos Brachos 11:2 writes that there are some mitzvos which one is obligated to go after, such as: tefillin, sukkah, shofar, and there are mitzvos that are optional where one does not need to run after to perform, such as: mezuzah, and maakeh. The Rambam writes that even if one wants to live on a boat or live in a tent it is permitted to do so, ...


4

Check out the Nefesh B'Nefesh Community Database which lets you search according to a number of criteria. Off the top of my head (and if you're sure Ramat Beit Shemesh is out), from the information you give you might want to look into Yad Binyamin, Modiin, Moshav Matisyahu, Nof Ayalon, Efrat/Alon Shvut/Neve Daniel


4

However if you have two separate entrances to the home (like a front door and side door) how do you determine where the entry of the room truly is? Other doors don't matter; you evaluate mezuzah placement at each door independently. For each doorway, apply the rules given in this answer, which boil down to considerations of traffic flow, which room is more ...


4

The Rambam (in Hilchot Mechira 25:5) brings the following halacha When a person sells a house, he also sells the oven, the range, the door frames that are attached with mortar, the door, the beam, the lock, but not the key. [...] Nor does he sell the blocks for the feet of a bed, nor the window frames, even though they are affixed with mortar, for ...


3

The specific brochos in Birchas HaShachar are related to those things that are equally essential to all am yisroel. They are not personal brochos. Therefore one would make the brocha "sh'asah li kol tzarchi" on wearing shoes, even if they are not wearing shoes that day. On the other hand, on tisha b'av, when klal Yisrael is not wearing shoes, we dont make ...


3

Yalkut Yosef YD 285 Seif 89 says the head of household can appoint a shaliach to affix all the mezuzot. However, the shaliach should make the bracha of "Al Keviat Mezuzah", because whenever a Misvah is done on behalf of someone else, you change it to that form. I don't see any circumstance where the visitor won't be appointed a shaliach- is he going to ...


3

I happened to have been reading the part of the Talmud (Tractate Pesachim) just yesterday where it discusses the issue of chametz (leaven) owned by a non-Jew who rents a residence (even a room) in the home of a Jew. There are three source mitzvot in the Torah that are of concern here (I'm eliding them): "…yet on the first day you shall remove leaven from ...


3

One option is Ramat Bet Shemesh. It might also be quite expensive by now, but the newer projects might be in your ballpark. It is very diverse and has TONS of English-speaking people. There is also an English-speaking community in Moshav Matityahu. There are also more "Modern Orthodox" English-speaking communities in Efrat, Maale Adumim, and to a lesser ...


3

My understanding is this: The ideal is to publicize the miracle to people outside. (However, Lubavitch custom varies.) This is accomplished by placing the m'nora just outside an outside door, or just inside a door or window so it is visible from the outside. However, as noted in the question, visibility is restricted to twenty amos up, so this doesn't work ...


3

You should have a bigger, nicer meal. (Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 419) Add hallel in davening and ya'aleh v'yavoh in Shmoneh Esrei and bentching. (SA OC 422 and 424) Some women have the custom of not doing melacha. (SA OC 417) Other than that, not really.


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