What does it mean that a book was decided to be or not a part of the Nac"h?
There are several answers to this question. Some, but not all, would include
Whether it defiles the hands (Yadayim 3:6)
If one is required to save the book from the fire (Shabbat 115)
If you can ask questions from one book to another, such as contradictions in practice (for an ...
To answer your question first requires understanding what the English word, canonization means and its root, canon.
It's actually from the Latin and is generally associated with the Catholic Church. To canonize, the verb form, has essentially three meanings all of which relate to consensus of agreement.
1) It is a process of forming a consensus to declare ...
The OP's question presumes that primarily only the tribe of Judah/Yehuda endured, which is why we are called Jews today.
My answer attempts to show the fallacy of such a presumption.
First, it's important to note that the Talmud (Bava Basra 115b) posits in the name of Abaye, that גמירי דלא כלא שבטא, we have a tradition that no tribe will ever be entirely ...
Perhaps the answer is that once the month was named after the deity, it is no longer considered the name of a deity but the name of a month. This would also explain our use of the names of the days of the week, such as Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday, which are all named for pagan deities.
Maybe similar to the Chofetz Chaim's practices:
"I noticed that whenever the Chofetz Chaim saw a fly or some other
pest that he wanted to chase away he would hold the corner of his
tallis or his handkerchief, but he would never use his bare hands.
Also he never touched his face with his hands.
"For many years I could not understand the reason ...