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Something very interesting on a side note is that according to the Gemara Brachot 10b, when King Chizkiyahu was sick he prayed to be heal in two merits. The first was joining gaal yisrael with the Amidah (the commentaries explain he would do this always at sun rise/ netz hachamah is acutally the gematria 198 Chizkiya Ben Ahaz. So perhaps this is alluding to ...


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According to Prof. Emanuel Tov in part 2 of his series of articles on the history of the Masoretic Text (abbreviated MT): "No complete proto-MT scrolls have been found; just partial scrolls and fragments. Thus, only a very small percentage of the proto-MT biblical text has survived, possibly five percent. Nevertheless, since the surviving texts are ...


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On your specific example of Avraham having taught math and astronomy to the Egyptians, Prof. Annette Yoshiko Reed in her essay "Abraham As Chaldean Scientist and Father of the Jews: Josephus, "Ant." 1.154-168, and The Greco-Roman Discourse About Astronomy/Astrology", pg. 123, wrote: "In addition, a number of scholars have pointed to ...


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I'll add some more perspectives to the answers already given here. I've found that a few people have discussed the matter from a halachic perspective: Rabbi Shlomo Goren wrote an essay on the subject, called "The Heroism of Metzada in Light of the Halacha". The essay appeared in a few places, including his book Torat Hashabbat V'hamo'ed, pg. 391-...


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Prof. Shmuel Safrai (according to Prof. David Flusser in "Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Era", pg. 116) and Rabbi Shmuel Klein (in The Land of Judea, pg. 101) both thought that the following midrash referred to Metzada: "אספה עלימו רעות - אמר הקב"ה הריני כונסן לתוך מצודה ומביא עליהם כל הפורענות כולם כאחת." "I will join ...


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We don't know yet about the existence of Jewish in Greece before 300 BCE. The first recorded mention of Judaism in Greece dates from 300 to 250 BCE on the island of Rhodes. In the 2nd century BCE, Hyrcanus, a leader in the Jewish community of Athens, was honoured by the raising of a statue in the agora [1]. (Wikipedia) Anyway, in Joel 4;6 it's written: ...


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