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17

Great question. The Sha"ch Choshen Mishpat 292/35 rules that "stealing" and learning Torah knowledge is permissible, when it is not accessible otherwise. He quotes a Tosefta that says that one that does so, can even become a leader of others. Rav Menashe Klein in Mishneh Halachos [Vol. 17 at the end of #148] writes, that the source of the Tosefta could be ...


11

The Maharsha (Yoma 35b) offers two possible reasons for the entrance fee, both of which have to do with defraying the cost of the guard of the Beis Medrash. Alternatively (my explanation), the entrance fee was intended to help defray the general overhead expenses; maintenance, lighting, heating, water. It follows, that the charge only applies to someone ...


8

You may be referring to the Chidushei Chasam Sofer on Bava Basra 57b. The gemara there states as follows: בעא מיניה ר' יוחנן מרבי בנאה... שלחן של ת"ח כיצד שני שלישי גדיל ושליש גלאי ועליו קערות וירק וטבעתו מבחוץ והא תניא טבעתו מבפנים לא קשיא הא דאיכא ינוקא הא דליכא ינוקא ואי בעית אימא הא והא דליכא ינוקא ולא קשיא הא דאיכא שמעא הא דליכא שמעא ואי בעית אימא ...


6

The gemara there also recounts the story of an Amora who specifically stood up in order to show that he was not following the position of Beis Shammai. The Bach in hilchos krias shema (Orech Chaim 63), cited by the mishna berura (same place), rules that one should be careful not to sit down just before shema in order to not give the impression that he is ...


5

SEE TOSFOS YOM_TOV on this mishnah HERE. והא דאמר בלשון תרגום עיין סוף מכילתין: - See my comments on 5:22 for why this mishna uses Aramaic. He sends to his comments HERE הפוך בה והפוך בה וכו' פי' הר"ב בתורה. וכתב במד"ש בשם רבינו אפרים שלפי שדברי תורה הן צורך גדול לבני אדם. היה אומר בלשון ארמי. שהיו הכל מכירין בו כשעלו מבבל וכן שנינו לעיל דלא ...


5

The Lubavitcher Rebbe explains in his Haggada (Likkutey Taamim Uminhagim): The verse regarding the original Korban Pesach (Shemos 12:8) - "ואכלו את הבשר גו' ומצות על מרורים יאכלוהו" (They shall eat the flesh, roasted over the fire, and unleavened cakes; with bitter herbs they shall eat it) would seem to come as a counter-proof to Hillel's opinion that one ...


4

In the course of a wide-ranging teshuvah about pikuach nefesh on Shabbos, the Tzitz Eliezer quotes several explanations: (from Kapei Aharon) According to one view (R' Shimon ben Menasya), it might be permissible to violate Shabbos for pikuach nefesh only if the person will thereby be able to keep future Shabbosos, but not for חיי שעה, if they're anyway ...


4

R' Shneur Zalman of Liadi says in Chapter 32 of Tanya (colloquially called the "Lev" of Tanya - the heart of Tanya) that one can have true love of a fellow Jew only if he views his soul primary and his body secondary (since our souls have one root, so there is no cause for division, machlokes, etc.) Therefore, The Alter Rebbe’s answer follows from ...


4

Several of your questions are answered in "Vedibarta Bam" on Pirkey Avos. 1. Why is it in Aramaic? Hillel used the Aramaic, the vernacular, in expressing this important belief in retributive justice, so that it would be understood by the masses. He felt it important for them to know that if for any reason whatsoever a murderer or evil-doer is not ...


4

The Tosfot Yom Tov here explains this very precisely in name of the Midrash Shmuel, itself in name of the R.I. Lirma: לא הזכיר צד שני של מחלוקת שהם משה ואהרון כמו שזכר בחלוקה ראשונה שני הצדדים לפי שבכאן אינם שוים שמשה ואהרון כוונתם לשמים הייתה. ולא הייתה בהם שום בחינה שלא לשם שמים. מדרש שמואל בשם הר"י לירמה. ‏ The fact that the second side of this ...


3

Pirkei Avos Chapter 1:10--12: א,י שמעיה ואבטליון קיבלו מהם. שמעיה אומר, אהוב את המלאכה, ושנוא את הרבנות; ואל תתוודע לרשות.&rim; א,יא אבטליון אומר, חכמים, היזהרו בדבריכם--שמא תחובו חובת גלות, ותגלו למקום המים הרעים, וישתו התלמידים הבאים אחריכם וימותו, ונמצא שם שמיים מתחלל.‏ א,יב הלל ושמאי קיבלו מהם.‏ Shamaya and Avtalyon received [...


3

See Rashi there, ד"ה גייריה: גייריה - וסמך על חכמתו שסופו שירגילנו לקבל עליו דלא דמיא הא לחוץ מדבר אחד שלא היה כופר בתורה שבעל פה אלא שלא היה מאמין שהיא מפי הגבורה והלל הובטח שאחר שילמדנו יסמוך עליו: [Hillel] converted him, relying on his own wisdom, that he would eventually convince him to accept [the Torah in its totality]. It's not like the case of [...


2

Rashi (Shabbat 31 s.v. d'alakh) explains (in his first explanation) that Hillel's statement in light of Proverbs (27:10) which refers to not forsaking the one who is your friend and your father's friend. Rashi understands this as referring to God (see his commentary there). Accordingly, Hillel's intent was that one should please God, just as one would like ...


2

I was taught that it is because we do not have the korbon Pesach any more that we do not mention it (out loud). That is why many haggados have the "pesach" in parentheses or as you show it without vowels. This is similar to the reason that we do not point to the seder plate when saying "Pesach" in the Rabban Gamliel said portion, while we say Matza Zu and ...


1

Tosafos ד"ה יוסי in Chagiga Daf ט"ז says that the Machlokes between Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel was caused by students who didn't do enough שימוש by their teachers. Essentially the students didn't spend enough time studying, possibly out of laziness, as we see Hillel accusing בני בתירא of doing in פסחים on Daf ס"ו. Hillel and Shammai themselves only ...


1

the reason is that until then questions were brought to the sanhedrin, which followed "acharei rabim lehatos", therefore any opinion that didnt win the majority vote was discarded. however King Herod nullified the sanhedrin. therefore when hillel and shamai had different opinions, even though they followed majority in their own school, they couldn't come ...


1

Wikipedia lists the following as students of Hillel and Shamai. Hillel: רבן גמליאל רבן שמעון בן גמליאל רבי יהושע רבי עקיבא ותלמידיו Also Rabbi Yochanan ben Zakai and Yonasan ben Uziel that you mentioned. Shamai: רבי אליעזר בן הורקנוס רבי יונתן בן הרכינס רבי יוחנן בן החורנית רבי יוסי בן דורמסקית בבא בן בוטא רבי גרשון בן יצחק


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