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1

Rabbi Avigdor Shiloh wrote in this Q&A that in general, there aren't discrepancies between the Talmud and Sefer Harazim, although some of the things outlined there are no longer applicable per halacha. Mordechai Margulies, in his edition of the book, wrote that historically, the book is known to have been used by rabbis in the time of the Gaonim, because ...


2

No,the bais din needs to be comprised of 3 kosher Jews and it is learned from the passuk in bamidbar 15 (משפט אחד יהיה לכם...) and the word משפט means 3 kosher Jews(Yevamos 46b) . See Yoreh Deah 268:3 with the Shach (8) . For further laws see Choshen Mishpat siman 7,and 34 which discusses who is disqualified for becoming a Dayan and witness . Text of Shach: ...


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The appropriate Kitzur Shulchan Aruch is 181:2 which discusses the subject of going before a secular court, as opposed to a properly constituted Jewish Beit Din. Rambam in Laws of Foreign Worship 2:5 explains that a Jew who is in the category of a kofer is not treated as a Jew, but as a non-Jew in all matters. Since the basis of your theoretical question is ...


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