13

Proverbs 10:24 (translation following Rashi): מְגוֹרַ֣ת רָ֭שָׁע הִ֣יא תְבוֹאֶ֑נּוּ וְתַאֲוַ֖ת צַדִּיקִ֣ים יִתֵּֽן׃‏ The fear of the wicked person will come upon him, but the desire of the righteous is granted. Rashi also brings an example: מגורת רשע. מה שהוא ירא יבא לו דור הפלגה יראו ואמרו (בראשית י) פן נפוץ וסופן כתיב ויפץ ה' אותם משם (שם):‏ The people ...


13

The Gemara (Pesachim 110b) states in a discussion about the dangers of demons (that harm a person as a result of doing things in pairs of two): כללא דמילתא כל דקפיד קפדי בהדיה ודלא קפיד לא קפדי בהדיה The rule of the matter is that all who are particular about pairs, the demons are particular with him; and if one is not particular, they are not particular ...


11

Dayan Dr. Isidor Grunfeld, who translated Horeb into English, quoted the following paragraph in his Introduction thereto, on page lxix. He cites but doesn't identify an essay by R' Hirsch as the original source. If I had the power I would provisionally close all synagogues for a hundred years. Do not tremble at the thought of it, Jewish heart. What ...


10

As quoted, this passage comes from Dayan Dr. Isidore Grunfeld's introduction to his translation of Horeb, one of Hirsch's major works, Introduction, lxix. Although he is generally very careful about quotation, Grunfeld gives no volume or page number for this passage, merely citing one of Hirsch's "most trenchant essays". I cannot find any passage that ...


8

Very short answer: Hashem wants creative beings in His own "Image" more than He wants any particular event.* So far that's just a paraphrase of Loewian's answer. We can go one step closer to the ineffable "Mind" of G-d and explore why that would be. First, the Greatest Good is G-d Himself. Your person who cannot sin isn't receiving that Good, because who ...


7

The Gemara (Bava Kamma 2b, as explained by Rashi) seems to agree with you that we can't learn a Torah-level law (דברי תורה) from Prophets and Writings (דברי קבלה), but it clarifies that it is possible to use it to learn גילוי מילתא, to use the Prophets and Writings to clarify what the Torah means. We can't use Prophets and Writings to learn something new is ...


6

Rambam Hilchot Teshuvah 5:4 ואל תתמה ותאמר היאך יהיה האדם עושה כל מה שיחפוץ ויהיו מעשיו מסורים לו וכי יעשה בעולם דבר שלא ברשות קונו ולא חפצו והכתוב אומר כל אשר חפץ ה' עשה בשמים ובארץ דע שהכל כחפצו יעשה ואף על פי שמעשינו מסורין לנו כיצד כשם שהיוצר חפץ להיות האש והרוח עולים למעלה והמים והארץ יורדים למטה והגלגל סובב בעיגול וכן שאר בריות העולם להיות כמנהגן ...


6

Some of the disagreements in earlier answers seem to stem from different understandings of peer review. From the definition stated in the question, it seems totally reasonable to think of disagreements in the mishna and gemarah, or in the rishonim, achronim, and later works, as constituting peer review. Those who disagree are typically "people with similar ...


6

Avot 4:17 הוא היה אומר יפה שעה אחת בתשובה ומעשים טובים בעולם הזה מכל חיי העולם הבא He used to say: "One moment of repentance and good deeds in this world is better than all of the life in the world to come". This is presumably because while in this world you can arrange for the world to come to be better.


6

Maharsha in Makkot 23b explains as follows: There are positive commandments and there are negative commandments. If you aren’t born than you can’t fulfill the positive commandments, but you also can’t violate the negative commandments. Thus, the dispute was whether it is better to definitely not violate the negative commandments and give up the opportunity ...


6

Rav Menachem Kasher wrote the first sections of his האדם על הירח in response to this event. Throughout the work he discusses the moon landing from hashkafic and halachic perspectives.


6

It may be a reference to this responsum: Be'er Moshe 8:3:3 וא"כ מסתבר שכמו שאסור ללמוד מהם פה אל פה כמו כן אסור ללמוד מספריהם ואין לחלק ולומר דדוקא מפיהם אסור ללמוד שמא ילמוד ממעשיהם (עיין מפרש"י חגיגה (ט"ו ב') ד"ה גדול היודע ליזהר שלא ילמוד ממעשיו) משא"כ הלומדים מספריהם אין שום חשש שילמוד ממעשיהם זה טעות מוחלט חדא דשפיר יש לחוש ...


6

Judaism is a religion, not a regime, nation state or an ethnic group. The whole concept of a regime that exalts nation above the individual doesn't apply to non-regimes.


6

First, the science. What does science say about the end of days? Well, astronomical observations tell us that our sun is an ordinary star, meaning that it will age and eventually die like all other stars. The earth will have to die with it. So we will have to migrate to other planets to survive. Those planets will also eventually die. Physics tells us ...


6

I think you need to first define the word "right" in this context. The Ramchal (Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzato) starts his famous work Mesilas Yesharim (The path of the 'Straight Ones') by stating that a person needs to clarify why he was created and what his purpose is in the world. He answers by saying that we are created to enjoy a close relationship with G-...


5

Artscroll (introduction to Selichot) quotes the Maharal of Prague as writing strongly against supplications addressed to angelic advocates. Why may one seek the intercession of human intermediaries [the avot and imaot], yet be prohibited from beseeching the angels to advocate his case? Man is commanded to perform acts of kindness with his fellow ...


5

Aside from all the other answers, it's worth mentioning that no one studies Greek philosophy today. The thinkers that were so respected by (some of) the Rishonim are mostly irrelevant even to secularists. Their views on science were, well, wrong. For instance, Aristotle seems to have believed that a heavy object falls faster under gravity than a lighter ...


5

Note: My answer ended up vastly exceeding the maximum character limit for a post, so I have split it into two parts. The first part follows here, while the second part can be found in a separate post. Below I have tried to provide a survey of the different approaches of the rishonim to this contradiction. All the sources are from their own writings, not from ...


5

What an excellent question! They were many rabbis who supported and opposed the Rambam's 13 principles of faith. In his The Limits of Orthodox Theology: Maimonides’ Thirteen Principles Reappraised, Rabbi Marc B. Shapiro examines the principals. In his Commentary on the Mishnah, Introduction to Perek Chelek, Maimonides calls this dogma; whoever rejects ...


5

In the old days, prophets also played the part of the local wise man, giving advice when people asked. This can be seen when Saul was sent to speak to Samuel by his father to go find where the list donkeys were. So yes, the prophets did share 'mundane' information as well. However, the prophecies that were recorded in Tanach were recorded since they contain ...


5

Yes, Ralbag does say that God does not know (certain aspects of) the future. See Book III of Milchamot Hashem for his full treatment of God's knowledge. The basic idea is that God's knowledge of man's future actions is limited by man's free will. God knows what man will likely do, based on his makeup and the celestial influences, but man has the ability to ...


5

Rabbi Tovia Singer seems to say that idolatry is worst than atheism. Saying that should not be mistaken as saying atheism is the preferred path. I am an Orthodox Jew. Nevertheless, atheism can purify much in religion according to Rabbi Kook.[1] Kook wrote that G-d needs atheists: ”Because atheism cleanses the dross of ‘petty religion,’ the narrowness ...


5

Rambam in Guide for the Perplexed 1:36 writes as follows: How great, then, must be the offence of him who has a wrong opinion of God Himself, and believes Him to be different from what He truly is, i.e., assumes that He does not exist, that He consists of two elements, that He is corporeal, that He is subject to external influence, or ascribes to Him any ...


5

Rabbi Jonathan Sacks discusses the matter and points out that the Jews remain small because in order to be and remain Jewish, one must constantly make the conscious decision to follow Hashem and refuse to compromise. Consistently throughout our history there have been those who have attempted to increase our numbers by moving away from the will of Hashem. ...


5

A classic one from Berakhot 10a: הנהו בריוני דהוו בשבבותיה דר"מ, והוו קא מצערו ליה טובא. הוה קא בעי ר' מאיר רחמי עלויהו, כי היכי דלימותו. אמרה לי' ברוריא דביתהו, מאי דעתך? משום דכתיב יתמו חטאים? מי כתיב חוטאים? חטאים כתיב! ועוד, שפיל לסיפיה דקרא, ורשעים עוד אינם. כיון דיתמו חטאים, ורשעים עוד אינם. אלא, בעי רחמי עלויהו, דלהדרו בתשובה, ורשעים עוד אינם. ...


4

Well, Resh Lakish in Sotah 3a teaches us that a person does not sin unless a Ruach Shtus enters them. A Ruach Shtus means an air of stupidity - in other words, that they begin to behave irrationally. From Sefaria with minor edits: ריש לקיש אמר אין אדם עובר עבירה אלא אם כן נכנס בו רוח שטות שנאמר (במדבר ה, יב) איש איש כי תשטה אשתו תשטה כתיב‏ Reish Lakish ...


4

If you have laboured in תורה, that itself is success, you have had a successful life (day, week whatever). merriam-webster.com defines success as a "favorable or desired outcome".The mitzvah is לימוד התורה not ידיעת התורה. Furthermore חז"ל tell us לפום צערא אגרא. If you have toiled you have been successful.


4

Devarim 8:5 ...כי כאשר ייסר איש את בנו ה א-לוהיך מיסריך (My rough translation): In the same way that a man disciplines his son, so does God discipline you. See the various commentaries via the link. I like Avi Ezer who says that when a father discplines his child, he punishes hime with his left hand but draws him close with his love, in his ...


4

The prophet Zachariya (3,7), according to the Targums explanation, refers to angels as "those that stand by". 'Thus saith the LORD of hosts: If thou wilt walk in My ways, and if thou wilt keep My charge, and wilt also judge My house, and wilt also keep My courts, then I will give thee free access among these that stand by. The accepted reason that ...


4

It's like the story of the wise man of Chelm who is hungry so he buys a bagel, but he's still hungry, so he buys another bagel; but then he's still hungry and they're out of bagels, so he buys a knish and then he's full. Oh silly me, had I just bought a knish to begin with I could have saved some money. Sometimes processes need to add up. Avraham doesn't ...


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