19

The Aztecs were following white eagles, and do not seem to claim any sort of supernatural entity speaking to them. As the question notes, it is also very unclear from the source provided if they believe that Huitzilopochtli spoke to all the people. Marmuda is a human and described as a human. the fact that he is afterward identified as a god does not change ...


14

ב"ה Hope this helps. http://members.bib-arch.org/publication.asp?PubID=BSBA&Volume=29&Issue=5&ArticleID=9 The finding: Reed huts more than 3,000 years old belonging to workers—perhaps slaves—and with the same floor plan as ancient Israelite four-room houses have been identified at Medinet Habu, opposite Luxor in Egypt.1 These reed huts ...


10

In the early 19th Century a papyrus, dating from the end of the Middle Kingdom, was found in Egypt. It was taken to the Leiden Museum in Holland and interpreted by A.H. Gardiner in 1909. The complete papyrus can be found in the book Admonitions of an Egyptian from a heiratic papyrus in Leiden. The papyrus describes violent upheavals in Egypt, ...


7

First of all, the plain-sense meaning of the verse (even without the te'amim) is that בהר and יי are in construct ("the mountain of God"), as is evidenced by the niqqud. As mevaqesh noted in a comment on the previous answer, "on the mountain" is בָּהַר (bahar), while בְּהַר (behar) means "on the mountain of". So the niqqud and the te'amim are, in this ...


7

Based on Tanchuma, Rashi claims that by gazing at the throne of Hashem, they sinned, but due to the solemn atmosphere of the covenant, their death sentence was suspended until they brought the alien fire (Vayikra 10:1–2). Regarding why their two other brothers didn't go, the Artscroll Chumash brings the following explanation: Tur comments that God ...


6

Rashi answers your question when he says on verse 24: Go, descend: And warn them a second time. We admonish a person before the act [he is to perform], and we admonish him again at the time of the act [when it is to be performed]. [from Mechilta] Moshe evidently thought that one warning was enough and the intent of his response was to understand the ...


6

See Talmud Bavli Shabbat 89: מדבר סיני שירדה שנאה לעכו"ם עליו ומה שמו חורב שמו ופליגא דר' אבהו דא"ר אבהו הר סיני שמו ולמה נקרא הר חורב שירדה חורבה לעכו"ם עליו [Why was it called] the Wilderness of Sinai, because hostility [sin'ah] toward idolaters descended thereon. Whilst what was its [real] name? Its name was Horeb. Now they disagree with R. Abbahu, ...


6

Rabbi Yosef Hayyim of Baghdad in his book Ben Yehoyada (Meg. 7b s.v. Rabba) asserts that there was no need to redo kiddushin (their marriages were not terminated) and goes on to answer the (related) question raised by early authorities whether or not R. Zera (see Meg. 7b) needed to remarry his wife after he was brought back to life. (For the "why not?" see ...


4

The origional Torah did in fact have מנצפ׳ך in both forms, but over the generations, their proper use was confused. People forgot which form went in the middle of a word and which at the end, whereupon the צופים, נביאי הדורות, reinstated their proper use. This is found in maseches Shabbos 104a, and Megila 2b.


4

The Ramchal in Da'as Tevunos siman 158 s.v. ומה שיש לנו לדעת (p. 170 in Friedlander edition) explains that the the spiritual ability to keep the Torah is what was given to the Jewish people at Har Sinai. In the following paragraph, ותראי, he writes: ותראי כי זה מה שעשה האדון ב"ה לישראל בהר סיני, שהנה לא נתן להם שם התורה כולה במעמד ההוא, אבל הייתה הכנה ...


4

The Beis HaLevi in Parshas Yisro writes: וכמו שאמרו בבבא מציעא (נט, א) ״לא בשמים היא״, רק היא כמו שמסכימים ב״ד שבזה העולם, וכו'. וזהו שאומרים ״מתן תורתנו״, ולא ״מתן תורה״, דתורתנו הפירוש שנעשית שלנו Shavuos is called the time of Matan Toraseinu - the giving of our Torah, as it is the time when the Torah became ours, and the principle of לא בשמים ...


4

The Kedushas Levi explains that Moshe was responding to Hashem according to Moshe's own perception - Moshe lived on a level where if Hashem said no, then it is impossible to disobey - Hashem's command is reality, and it's inviolable. Therefore he said "They can't come up, because You told them not to." Hashem's response was "לך רד" - go down; go down to ...


4

I see that the current version of this idiocy (which has been around since Wellhausen the antisemite invented it) tries to pretend that the Torah was invented by Shmuel Hanavi, at the end of the period of the Judges. This was only a few centuries after the Exodus since Shlomo finished building the first temple 480 years after the Exodus and the mishkan at ...


4

Rashi explains that moshe asked what the merit of the Jews are that they will be saved from Egypt. Hashem answered that their merit is that they will receive the torah. So this was not intended as a proof.


4

There are many that pose a similar question: If the Torah was to remain in the hands of the angels, as was their demand (תנה הודך על השמים) before being bested in debate by Moshe Rabeinu, what sort of Torah were they asking for? Did they not see the obvious questions of "Were you in Egypt? Do you do work? Do you have parents? Do you have a yetzer hora?" ...


4

Mount Sinai location was known for hundreds of years after Matan-Tora: מלכים א יט ח וַיָּ֖קָם וַיֹּ֣אכַל וַיִּשְׁתֶּ֑ה וַיֵּ֜לֶךְ בְּכֹ֣חַ ׀ הָאֲכִילָ֣ה הַהִ֗יא אַרְבָּעִ֥ים יוֹם֙ וְאַרְבָּעִ֣ים לַ֔יְלָה עַ֛ד הַ֥ר הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים חֹרֵֽב׃ Kings a 19:8 He arose and ate and drank; and with the strength from that meal he walked forty days and forty nights ...


4

As Alex shared this was the same generation: the first census was before the Tabernacle was built since the half-shekels used for the count were used for the sockets of the structure, the second was seven months later. Still Artscroll picks up on the fact the numbers are similar and brings 3 opinions Rashi (Shemot 30:16) responds that for the purpose of ...


4

Based on Be'er Yosef to Leviticus 25:1-3 There’s a Midrash which analyzes 1 a verse in Psalms 2. The verse describes גיבורי כוח, the mighty ones of strength, who follow Hashem’s word. Who does this refer to? The Midrash says that it refers to those who observe the mitzvah of shemittah. Why are these people called mighty ones of strength? If ...


3

main thing is to accept the mesora of our elders as explained in the intro to chovos halevavos, but if you want to delve in chakira and have proper guidance and are motivated to strengthen your faith then: First thing that should be clear is that G-d exists. This can be demonstrated either through logical inquiry or more safely through studying the divine ...


3

R' Samson Raphael Hirsch, in his commentary on Exodus 19:10-13, interprets the prohibition of ascending Har Sinai as a tangible symbol of the fact that the Torah is God's law and not the product of limited human minds. It's essential to the Torah's status that it is objective and originating outside humanity, not subject to "the contemporary convictions of ...


3

R' Hirsch understands the אות to be referring back to the previous point - Moshe said (vs. 11) "Who am I that I should ... bring the Children of Israel out from Egypt?" Hashem answered, This that you have asked "Who am I..." is exactly the qualification to be the best messenger. You sense that you lack any qualification for this mission,...


3

Tanya (Likutei Amarim ch.51): "The essence of the Ein Sof (G-d) is the same in our world as in the higher worlds... even in the highest mystical worlds G-d is ungraspable and concealed in them just like He is ungraspable and concealed in our world..." Since God is the source of all existence, you can't see Him in His true sense, only what He chooses to ...


3

Chazal state that Har Hamoriah and the place Yaakov slept were identical to Har Sinai, which is called "Har Hashem." Matan Torah was the point where Hashem "made himself seen on the Mountain of Hashem," which would be the literal interpretation of the text when using the masoretic taamim. He also appeared to Yaakov at that location, who identified the place ...


3

I think the end of the question is key. What we call the giving of the Torah is really a code word for us having an ability for a direct relationship with Hashem, in a new reality which fosters us to understand Him better, in a more open way. This way, R' Moshe Shapiro in Thursday night shiur, often cites kabbalistic seforim that the 10 Commandments ...


3

God specifically wanted Moshe (Moses) off the mountain. After all, He was about to tell the Israelities "I am Hashem your God", and He didn't want them questioning, "Who said that? The invisible God, or Moshe?" Therefore, He sent Moshe down, and gave the Ten Commandments before he went back up. This is the explanation given in Shmot Rabbah 28:3. I couldn't ...


3

Like is explained by the Ba’al HaTurim to Devarim 29:9, Chazal see the same language usage as in Shemot 19:17 and through that make the equation. אתם נצבים היום גו׳ ויוצא משה את-העם לקראת האלהים מן-המחנה ויתיצבו בתחתית ההר. There is an amazing discussion of this subject in the introduction to the commentary היכל הברכה by the Komarna Rebbe and properly ...


3

In the Gemara Brochos 5a Rav Levi explains every word in the Passuk's to mean the entire written and oral Law were given at mount Sinai: וא"ר לוי בר חמא אמר ר' שמעון בן לקיש מאי דכתיב (שמות כד, יב) ואתנה לך את לוחות האבן והתורה והמצוה אשר כתבתי להורותם לוחות אלו עשרת הדברות תורה זה מקרא והמצוה זו משנה אשר כתבתי אלו נביאים וכתובים להורותם זה גמרא מלמד ...


3

NO. (This business of connecting your favorite villain with biblical characters doesn't really help much, by the way. There are no halachos on the books of how to relate to an erev rav-ite. A much more sophisticated question would compare a current-day population with how halachic sources such as the Talmud or Rambam practically addressed historical groups, ...


3

I once heard Rav Herschel Schachter discuss this question. He gave an analogy, that if one were to bring out Euclid, and show him a modern suspension bridge, and tell him it was built using Euclidean geometry, he would have no idea what you are talking about. Because Euclid started with five postulates and built from there, and later mathematicians continued ...


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