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Pesachim 114b tells us that Rav Huna and Rava would have rice at the Seder. Rema Orach Chaim 453:1 writes that the custom is to forbid eating rice on Pesach.


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All the maistream Poskim Orach Chaim Siman 472,1 say that one should wait till nightfall which means when 3 stars come out at night (CYLOR for the times in your local community), to do Kiddush even on friday night where there is a Mitzva to add to Shabbos Shulchan Aruch: לא יאמר קידוש עד שתחשך which means nghtfall which is the same time as eating matza at ...


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R. Yitzchak Abadi does indeed record a lenient definition. In Ohr Yitzchak Vol. II (Kuntres Acharon Hilchot Pesach) he writes: מיד כששקעה חמה יכול להתחיל בסדר אך לא יאכל המצות קודם צאת הכוכבים Immediately when the sun sets one can begin the seder, but one should not eat the matzot before tzeit hakochavim. In a footnote there he explains: כיוון ...


1

Rav Yosef Messas in Mayim Chaim 1:206(new version and old) is discussing how the machlokes of Rashi and Rabbeinu Tan teffilin is possible if people always wore teffilin. Rav Messas first answer explains that it could be that klal Yisrael did not wear teffilin in the midbar since there are two parshiyos that would be missing from the teffilin. He explains ...


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Rabbi Mordechai Kornfeld discusses a different question here), and in that discussion he addresses your question: Our Sages propose a very unusual source for splitting the Tefillin that is worn on our heads into 4 separate sections. The Torah calls them Totafot, which is a combination of two foreign words, each meaning "two." Why did the Torah ...


2

Hakdamat Bet Yosef ולכן הסכמתי בדעתי כי להיות שלשה עמודי ההוראה אשר הבית בית ישראל נשען עליהם בהוראותיהם הלא המה הרי''ף הרמב''ם והרא''ש ז''ל אמרתי אל לבי כי במקום ששנים מהם מסכימים לדעת אחת נפסוק הלכה כמותם אם לא במקצת מקומות שכל חכמי ישראל או רובם חולקין על הדעת ההוא ולכן פשט המנהג ההיפך Bet Yosef rules Halacha as both of the set Rif, Rambam, Rosh. An ...


1

From a drush perspective, the gemara in Kesuvos 10b expounds upon the meaning of the word "almanah": מאי אלמנה אמר רב חנא בגדתאה אלמנה על שם מנה Why [is a widow called an] almanah? Rav Ḥana of Baghdad said: [A widow is called an] almanah after the maneh Namely, "almanah" is an acronym for "al shem maneh"- ie the value of a widow's Kesuvah is ...


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Congrats! You've just found the dual nature of Judaism - it can be true and false at the same time! Seriously, what you confuse is relative and absolute Halachah. When it is relative - Rabbis have the privilege to set the Halacha de-jure but when they refer to the "absolute" Halacha (like a Mishnah or the like), the Rabbis can be wrong. THe Gemmorah in ...


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Your question comes from two points, that: (a) Halachos L'Moshe MiSinai are not hinted to in the Torah (b) that these halachos are therefore outside of and external to the Torah, and the completeness of the Torah would not allow for such a thing. In terms of the first point, while that is clearly the opinion of the Rambam in his Introduction to the ...


1

If you ask your neighbor about this Shabbos lighting times - is it a Psak? But if you ask your Rabbi the same question? But if you ask Gdol Hador the same question? See, when does a [theoretically] Halachicly true answer turns into a Psak? (I served a prominent Posek R' Shlomo Shlezinger Z"l in Jerusalem for about 10 years and I saw him answering tens of ...


2

We can account for the abolition of the death penalty based on the following Talmudic passage: Sanhedrin 41a ותניא ארבעים שנה קודם חורבן הבית גלתה סנהדרי וישבה לה בחנות ואמר ר' יצחק בר אבודימי לומר שלא דנו דיני קנסות דיני קנסות ס"ד אלא שלא דנו דיני נפשות And it has also been taught: Forty years before the destruction of the Temple, the Sanhedrin ...


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Great question. The rationale for the changes in the laws of Torah in Reform Judaism can be found by consulting 'REFORM JUDAISM FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF THE REFORM JEW' in Jewish Encyclopedia (online), where it is stated: 'The Law, often of non-Jewish origin, is the product of time, and is subject to growth and change in the course of time. . . . The laws ...


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The main (theological) principle of the change is the switch from prophet-guided Judaism in the era of receiving the Torah to the destruction of the First Temple to Sages-guided Judaism in the times of the Second Temple. In short, during the Second-Temple era, it became widely accepted (for the Pharisee's lineage of course) that the Sages (aka Rabbis) have ...


4

By definition, no. That is what makes those laws rabbinic. But... There are cases where the Talmud finds a derivation from the Torah using the principles of derashah, and then says that despite this, the law is rabbinic. The derivation is declared to be an asmachta, something to attach to. My rebbe in grade school compared it to a hook to hang your hat on. ...


1

I think you may be reading too much into Shadal's words. The key point here, I think, is התנאי שהתנו ביניהם – it was an agreement made between the shepherds. They made a mutually beneficial agreement to not take water without all the shepherds present so that water would not be wasted (as Shadal writes earlier: כדי שלא יאבד אחד מהם את המים שלא לצורך). This ...


2

Because you need to not only be familiar with all the possible mumim (as in Shalom's answer), but also to have permission from the nasi in Eretz Yisroel to rule on them, and we don't have a nasi nowadays (Taz and Shach, Yoreh Deah 309, quoting Rosh).


3

I could learn every halacha in the book ... but I would still needs hands-on experience of someone showing me a hundred examples of real-live sheep -- "this one is yes, this one is no" ... much like is done with training on Nida kesamim. Otherwise all those words attempting to describe it aren't quite going to get it across. (Talk to anyone in the kosher ...


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Most of the time, it is decided by the majority, even if the minority is widely considered more learned


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There is really only one rule of pesaq that depends on who said what -- acharei rabbim lehatos (lean toward the majority). Within a court (such as the Sanhedrin), this was a law of bitul berov -- nullification by majority. Meaning, after the votes are counted in the court, the opinion is that of the court, and it is the number of judges in the court that ...


2

R Yirmiyohu Kaganoff answered a similar question (A Critical Review – The Halachos of Book, Wine, and Restaurant Reviews) and answers If the purpose of the review is to discourage people from buying a product or eating in a restaurant, one may not write the review. But one may publish a review that contains the positive aspects of the product. See ...


3

Hamapil is an independent bracha, not a bracha on the kriat shema. Berachot 60b: הנכנס לישן על מטתו אומר משמע ישראל עד והיה אם שמוע ואומר ברוך המפיל חבלי שינה על עיני ותנומה על עפעפי ומאיר לאישון בת עין יהי רצון מלפניך ה' אלהי שתשכיבני לשלום ותן חלקי בתורתך ותרגילני לידי מצוה ואל תרגילני לידי עבירה ואל תביאני לידי חטא ולא לידי עון ולא לידי נסיון ולא ...


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