7 votes

Anachronisms in the torah?

This question is addressed by several of the commentators to this verse. Radak suggests either that the place was called Dan based on the future, or that it is referring to a different place that was ...
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6 votes
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Siddur with stressed vowels

Most modern Ashkenazi siddurim indicate stress using a meteg, which is a small vertical line placed under the letter that begins the accented syllable. For example, the word v'tsivanu (from many ...
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5 votes
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How should I pronounce עם in עם הדומה לחמור?

There are numerous earlier and later authorities that read this derasha as having a patach, here is a very short sampling: Abarbanel to Yonah 4:11: כי אם מפני שהעם היושב בה היה עם הדומה לחמור ...
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What's the difference between "Hinchilanu" and "Hinchaltanu"?

הנחילנו is in the third person: He has given us as a heritage. הנחלתנו is in the second person: You have given us as a heritage.
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4 votes
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Pausal form with a non-pausal cantillation mark

According to the article Exegesis and Pausal Forms with Non-Pausal Accents in the Hebrew Bible by Dr James D. Price, there are a few such examples. He lists: Munaḥ (prose books): Judg 9:36 (הִנֵּה־...
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4 votes
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Why are these verbs in the past tense

These are still "vav hahipuch". Joüon & Muraoka's Grammar of Biblical Hebrew (Section 43b) has the following to say about the accent. (I can't display vowels sitting under hyphen, so I'...
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Why is there no דגש in the ת in the word "וּכְתַבְתָּ֛ם"?

The correct verb form without the and should be: כְּתַבְתָּם – inscribe them. Although in second person plural the kamatz shortens to a sheva na, the tav won't receive a dagesh, because it doesn't ...
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How is a "ד" without a דגש קל pronounced?

According to the predominant Yemenite custom, a “ד" without a דגש קל is pronounced as “th” (as in “the”). The authenticity of this tradition can be seen in Brachos יג, where we are instructed to ...
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3 votes
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Please translate Gemara - Aramaic word מקני

The Hebrew and the Aramaic verbs in this case share the root קנ"ה. In the paal form (קָנָה) it means to buy or obtain something. ArtScroll helps you with the patach, which suggests a causative, ...
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3 votes

Grammar question in prayer

As can be seen in this Wiktionary entry, the preposition את is [u]sed to introduce a semantically definite direct object. The first clause (ה' עוז לעמו יתן) contains no definite direct object (the ...
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3 votes

Why does Naomi talk in masculine form to her daughters-in-law?

According to the commentary of the medieval rabbinic grammarian, R. Yosef Caspi, in biblical Hebrew, women are occasionally addressed in either masculine or feminine verb endings: ואין קושייא מאמרו ...
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3 votes

Are there two verses anywhere in Tanakh with the same words but different cantillation?

I went through the list of repeated verses from this answer. Besides verses that appear both in Psalms and in the other 21 books (see there for the list), which will obviously have different ...
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2 votes

Mashal and Mishal

As noted by @DanF in the comments, משאל and משל aren't tribes in Asher but two names of a city in the territory of Asher, one of a group of cities given to the Levites (see commentators on the verse). ...
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2 votes

Why is Aramaic "tlasah" used for wine in ketoret, where spices are counted in Hebrew "shlasha"?

Schottenstein on the gemara, footnote 50 in the Hebrew edition, write: "התנא שינה כאן מלשון הקודש שפתח בה, ואמר "תלתא" בארמית, לפי שכך שמע מרבו, וחייב אדם לומר בלשון רבו (1סידור יעב&...
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2 votes
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Borei P'ri or Borei F'ri hagefen?

There is halakhic justification for the custom of vocalizing a stress-less feri as a more grammatically correct way of saying the blessing. In his responsa Or Letzion, (vol. 2, chapter 46, halakha 34),...
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2 votes

Origin of the term Motza'ei Shabbos

Jastrow's dictionary includes מוצָאי as the plural construction of מוצָא (exit), and presents יצא as the equivalent in biblical Hebrew... though some searching shows that מוצָאי is sometimes used in ...
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2 votes
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"Constantly and forever and ever" in Maariv davening

As was mentioned in the comments, there seems to be 2 different ways of reading this line and is a subject of a machlokes achronim. The פרישה in 236:3 says that the word תמיד is meant to go together ...
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2 votes

First Rashi on Vayikra 25:46

In Hebrew, the word נחלה means inheritance. If the word would have been written והנחלתם it would mean to pass on the inheritance, or bequeath. Since the verse says והתנחלתם instead, the verb is ...
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2 votes

What is the difference between Almah vs. Ha-Almah?

Since there appears to be no explicit mention of which particular woman the navi is pointing to, the meforshim state that it would be a woman who would normally accompany navi or the king. Thus it is ...
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2 votes

How should I pronounce עם in עם הדומה לחמור?

I would like to add to רבות מחשבות 's answer, by pointing to מדרש רבה on the passuk, where the דרש appears in another form: שבו לכם פה עם החמור עם החמור. This clearly indicates that this is a case of ...
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2 votes

How should I pronounce עם in עם הדומה לחמור?

The Netziv explains this drasha as follows: עם החמור – ׳את החמור׳ מיבעי. אלא רמז להם השתוותם לחמור, כמו שכתבתי (פסוק ג׳) ד״עם״ משמע יותר השתוות מ״את״. ומזה יצא הדרש הידוע (יבמות סב,א. נדה יז,א) ׳עם ...
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1 vote

Why use different adjectives in Devarim 9:1 and Devarim 9:14?

In your first citation, the adjective is plural when applied to the noun goy, nation. This is being applied to the non-Jewish nation occupying the land that Israel is going to take possession of. In ...
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1 vote
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Secondary stress after the main stress in פדנה

Mordechai Breuer called this phenomenon the gayah of a long vowel in an open syllable (§46 – געיית התנועה הגדולה בהברה פתוחה). In such cases there is an unaccented open syllable with a long vowel ...
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1 vote
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Daniel 9:12 k’ri-k’tiv

Daat Sofrim on the verse writes: "ויקם את דבריו. ממשיך לדבר שלא במישרין לה' מפני שמדובר על רעה. הכתיב הוא "דבריו", הרעה היתה קיום לכל דבריו אשר דיבר ועדות שכשם שנתקיימה הרעה כן תתקיים ...
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1 vote

Anachronisms in the torah?

LECH LECHA 14:14 When Abram heard that his kinsman had been taken captive, he mustered his retainers, born into his household, numbering three hundred and eighteen, and went in pursuit as far as Dan. ...
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1 vote

Why is it אלו הן הלוקין rather than אלו הן הנלקין?

Disclaimer that this is just a theory, but here goes: The Tiferes Yisrael to Arachin Ch. 4 theorizes that many of the oddities of Mishna could be explained as means to help memorization. (See Tosafos ...
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1 vote

Why is it אלו הן הלוקין rather than אלו הן הנלקין?

The Rashba (IIRC, siman 694 in teshuvos) deals with a similar question: Why does the Mishna always refer to the man doing chalitza, when in reality it is the woman who performs chalitza? He answers ...
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1 vote

Why is it אלו הן הלוקין rather than אלו הן הנלקין?

Good point, first, I want to strengthen your question by providing a Talmudic example: "שמעתי שכל הזורע ברביעה ראשונה ברד מלקה אותו. הלך הוא וזרע ברביעה שניה. של כל העולם כולו לקה, שלו לא לקה.&...
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1 vote

What does שליט"א stand for?

The expansion by theGRAPKE for שליט״א as: שיחיה לאורך ימים טובים ארוכים is traditionally translated as: that (they, meaning the person named preceding the abbreviation) will live for (meaning, ...
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1 vote

In Exodus 3:14 is there a linguistic relationship between the Tetragrammaton and the "to be" and what is that linguistic relationship?

Sorry about the long quote. I didn't want to degrade N. M. Sarna's excellent coverage of this topic. Please credit this answer to N. M. Sarna. Ehyeh-Asher-Ehyeh This phrase has variously been ...
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