9

"Don't steal" includes don't steal someone's soda. The "don't steal" commandment appears in both Exodus and Leviticus. Leviticus refers to property, as the next phrase is -- and don't lie or deny about it. Yes, the Talmud says the verse in Exodus refers to kidnapping. But regardless of which verse it is, don't steal! (The punishment is to pay back double,...


5

In your case of a non-Jew giving someone equipment for a job, that equipment was always the property of the non-Jew. It was never lost. Keeping it against the owner's will is theft. The fact that the owner is a non-Jew doesn't make it any less of a theft. It is true that the gemara in Sanhedrin and the Rishonim discuss whether one should return an item lost ...


3

Rabbi Akiva Eiger writes on the Shulchan Aruch Choshen Mishpat 26:1 ואם הוציא ממון ע"י דין ערכאות אם אין כן בדיני ישראל הממון גזל בידו. ואם קידש בזה אינה מקודשת, והוא פסול לעדות כמו כל גזלן. (תשב"ץ בתשובות ח"ב ענין ר"צ) If he took money from another through the courts, and he is not entitled to that money by Jewish law, the money is ...


2

Playing cards is never considered as outright "10 commandment"stealing by anybody; it's considered as similar to stealing since (according to those opinions who forbid it) nobody has really any intent on losing their money, so since they hope they will win, they very begrudgingly give over their hard-earned bucks to the winner. Cheating at cards to win ...


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