20

Based on Jewish law, a person's Jewish status (for a non-convert) is determined through matrilineal descent. This means that one is only Jewish from birth if their mother was Jewish. And their mother was only Jewish if their mother was Jewish. Based on this, a person can have seven out of eight great-grandparents who are Jewish, and still not be Jewish from ...


14

Yes, he had a son Mephibosheth (Shmuel II 4:4).


11

Yes, in Divrei Hayamim I 9:40 it says וּבֶן־יְהוֹנָתָ֖ן מְרִ֣יב בָּ֑עַל וּמְרִי־בַ֖עַל הוֹלִ֥יד אֶת־מִיכָֽה׃ And the son of Jonathan was Merib-baal; and Merib-baal begot Micah. So he had a least one child named Merib-baal.


8

According to רמב"ן (Nachmanides) on that verse (2:1), a discussion of the lineage of Moshe and his parents would prolong the narrative unnecessarily; at this point, the Torah would like to just get on with the story. ויקח את בת לוי ולא הזכיר הכתוב שם האיש ולא שם אשתו אשר לקח, והיה זה בעבור כי יצטרך ליחסם ולהזכיר שמם מי אביהם ואבי אביהם עד אל לוי, ועכשיו ...


7

The curse of Yechonya (or Yehoyachin) was revoked and his wife had two sons while he was in prison. This is rebuilding of the Davidic line through Zerubavel. Note that this means that since Yehoyachin was the last king who had children that survived (all of Tzidkiyahus children were killed at the destruction of the first temple) Mashiach would therefore ...


7

The Falasha, ethiopian Jews claim that they are descendants of Dan, (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beta_Israel#Tribe_of_Dan). There is a Midrash Aggadah on Bamidbar 26:40, that says that Chusim, Dan's son, was 'black in his body'.


7

Rashi asks this question, and answers it in 2 ways: רש"י: אלה ראשי בית אבותם. מתוך שהוזקק ליחס שבטו של לוי עד משה ואהרן בשביל משה ואהרן, התחיל ליחסם דרך תולדותם (ה) מראובן. (ובפסיקתא גדולה ראיתי, לפי שקנטרם יעקב אבינו לשלשה שבטים הללו בשעת מותו, חזר הכתוב ויחסם כאן לבדם, לומר שחשובים הם): ‏ שפתי חכמים (ה) וא"ת עדיין יש להקשות למה לא התחיל ...


7

Yes. The two groups are perforce distinct. Either your ancestor along the male line is David or Aharon (or neither, of course). It is a simple impossibility to be a descendant of both, along the male line, which is what counts.


7

From Menashe. See Pesikta Rabbati 3 ובמלכים ירבעם בן נבט משל אפרים ואחרי כן יהוא בן (מנשה) [נמשי] משבט מנשה


7

Rav Hirsch goes over the names and discusses the meaning of the names and the significance for the basic traits of the generation that name is used for. He points out (4:18-22 and 5:11-27). For example, Lemech ends the progress of the generations with a statement that sums up the state of the descent, though from different sides. The Cainite line is constant ...


7

In the Talmud-GemaraTractate Bava Bathra 109b משפחת אב קרויה משפחה אמשפחת אם אינה קרויה משפחה דכתיב (במדבר א, ב) למשפחותם לבית אבותם The Family of the Father are family the family of the mother are not family as it is written with regards to the Tribal census in Numbers 1,2(one of the 24 books of Tenach): "according to their families through their ...


6

Briefly, such an interpretation is inconsistent with the text and trend of Rav Saadia Gaon's discussion of this topic in Emunos v'Deos. The entire context of his discussions on when one may interpret Scripture contrary to the plain meaning is one of restricting the practice. Regarding allegorical interpretation Rav Saadia warns: The result of the ...


6

The Chida in Sefer Devash L'Pi 1:24 says that Hagar came from Cham. Regarding your question "how can this be understood in light of Avraham's going out of his way to make sure his descendants don't marry into the descendants of Cham?" A look at the verses in Braishis does not mention Cham, it only mentions Canaan. (Breishis 24:3). Rashi explains that since ...


6

Perush Yonason asks this question and does not give an answer. I once heard an answer (do not remember from who) which is difficult to accept. Levi lived 137 years in Egypt. The problems with this answer is numerous, and I think this is a question that has no good answer.


6

The idea that Moses' wife (Tzipporah) was Hamitic comes from a comment Miriam made about him. Moses was spending a lot of time with God and since one had to be in a state of purity to talk to God, Moses was rarely intimate with his wife. Miriam refers to Moses' wife as a Cushite (Ethiopian) This is explained as either being idomatic or as being to a ...


6

Moses married Zipporah, the daughter of Jethro1, who was a Midianite2. The Midianites are descendants of a man named Midian, who was the son of Abraham from his second wife Keturah3. From this we can conclude that Zipporah was not a descendant of Ham, son of Noah. However, the Torah does mention Moses had married a Cushite woman4. The Cushites are the ...


6

A person who does not have a Jewish father (whether a convert or a Jew because of the mother) does not belong to any of the twelves tribes. The reason is that tribal membership follows the status of the father. An example is the case of the blasphemer at the end of Parshas Emor (24:10-23) He was the son of an Egyptian man and an Israelite woman of the tribe ...


6

There are basically two lists of wives and each one contains 3 names. Traditional sources differ on exactly how to answer the contradiction, with the opinions ranging from Esau having 3,4,5, or 6 wives all together. See http://jbq.jewishbible.org/assets/Uploads/424/jbq_424_Kleinwivesofesau.pdf for an article which summarizes these views.


6

Rav Hirsch says that it starts with Reuven and Shimon to show that Moshe was definitively not of "godly" origin as the mythologies of the goyim will have their heroes. However he and Aharon were in the middle of a fully normal family. They were in the middle of the tribes with fathers, mothers, bothers sisters, uncles, cousins That is why the register of ...


6

Jochebed: I don't remember ever seeing a source whether she was alive or not. Based on the Midrash she would have been 210; even following the Ibn Ezra and others she had to be at least 100. But there were miracles all over the place. Amram: The Midrash, quoted by the Ramban, says he had died, I guess this is where you're coming from. As you said, you ...


6

Rashi to Pesachim 62b explains נגנז as נשתכח. So it sounds like he believes it was lost, rather than deliberately hidden (the question at the end of your final paragraph notwithstanding). Maharsha ad loc. on the other hand understands that it was deliberate. He links it to the description found in Kiddushin 71a of the Sages ceasing to publicly check into ...


5

According to traditional Jewish Law (Halacha), a person is considered a Jew if his mother is Jewish. Therefore, if his mother's mother's mother's mother was Jewish, then he himself is also Jewish, even if all of those female ancestors married non-Jews. On the other hand, if even one person in the chain of mothers was not Jewish, then the person himself is ...


5

This is pretty much open-and-shut. Mishna, Kiddushin 3:13. כל מקום שיש קידושין ואין עבירה, הוולד הולך אחר הזכר; ואיזו זו--זו כוהנת לוייה וישראלית, שנישאו לכוהן וללוי ולישראל. ... וכל מי שאין לה לא עליו ולא על אחרים קידושין, הוולד כמוה; ואיזה זה, זה ולד שפחה ונוכרית. Any union which is valid marriage and no prohibition, the child follows the father, namely: ...


5

Rashi in Divrei Hayamim 2:15 says that David was the seventh born and the count stopped at David and did not include his younger brother Elijah because David was the one anointed as king. In Samuel the term used is קטן (smallest) not youngest even though the translation is often "youngest". Rashi in Shmuel says that it means that he was the "small" one ...


5

Note that the definition of the seventy nations occurred in the Dor Hahaflagah (dispersion after the Migdal Bavel). As a result, the nations of Moav, Ammon, Yishmael, and Edom would not have been in existence at that time. I have seen references to the Vilna Gaon, such as in Nefesh Hachaim and this reference that the reference to ruling over 35 each, means ...


5

Rashbam to Shemos 6:14 explains that (according to Mehilta) this posuk provides only the genealogies of those three tribes that Yaacov had censured before he died in order to teach us that those tribes are still important. Sefer Tzror Hamor (last lines, first column) says that the Torah begins with Reuven in order to remove Jewish people's ...


5

Interesting theory as to the potential translation into psoriasis, but it seems unlikely based on Rav Hirsch's challenges to those who compared tza'raas to leprosy: Tzaraat is not 'leprosy' as we understand it. He also demonstrates that the reasons for quarantines and, in confirmed cases, exclusion from the 'camp' are not to prevent the spread of ...


5

The Rashei Galusa in Bavel were descended from David, and we know that some of them were among the Amoraim. They include the earlier Rav Huna (a contemporary of R' Yehudah Hanassi, and possibly a teacher of Shmuel), Mar Ukva, and Rav Huna brei dR' Nosson. Also R' Nosson (the Av Beis Din in the time of Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel II) was a son of the Reish ...


5

One approach is found in Pirkei Avot 5:2 עֲשָׂרָה דוֹרוֹת מֵאָדָם וְעַד נֹחַ, לְהוֹדִיעַ כַּמָּה אֶרֶךְ אַפַּיִם לְפָנָיו, שֶׁכָּל הַדּוֹרוֹת הָיוּ מַכְעִיסִין וּבָאִין עַד שֶׁהֵבִיא עֲלֵיהֶם אֶת מֵי הַמַּבּוּל. עֲשָׂרָה דוֹרוֹת מִנֹּחַ וְעַד אַבְרָהָם, לְהוֹדִיעַ כַּמָּה אֶרֶךְ אַפַּיִם לְפָנָיו, שֶׁכָּל הַדּוֹרוֹת הָיוּ מַכְעִיסִין וּבָאִין, עַד ...


5

Chori: Shabbos 85a identifies the Chori with the Chivi, the nation listed in Bereishis 10:17 as being the son of Canaan, himself a son of Cham. Moav and Amon: Bereishis 19:31-38 records that they are the sons of Lot by way of his daughters. Lot‘s father Charan was Terach’s son, Avraham’s brother (Genesis 11:27). All of them are descendants of Shem (ibid. v....


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