20

I did some calculations and came up with the top 5 for each sefer in Tanach, along with the top twenty overall. I also provided my list of top 10 for Torah and Tehillim for comparison with AvnerMil's. For the Tanach source, i used Mechon Mamre's niqqudless Tanach. The code is available here on GitHub Gists. Comes with a README explaining how to run it. Top ...


17

The Rabbis learn out that there are 39 Melachot because of a numerical value (kind of). From here (or here, if that link doesn't work), quoting Talmud Shabbat 70a: ...it says, (Shemot 35:1-2) And Moshe gathered together the entire congregation of the Children of Israel and he said to them: 'Eileh HaDevarim' (these are the things--plural) that HaShem ...


17

One of the first Tosafot in Gittin 2a (מתני' המביא גט) brings that the reason the Get has 12 lines is because the gematriya of Get is 12. ומה שנוהגים לכתוב י"ב שורות בגט אומר ר"ת משום דגט גימטריא י"ב That which we're accustomed to write 12 lines in a Get- Rabbeinu Tam says because "Get" has a gematriya of 12


14

The g'mara in Mo'ed Katan 28 derives that the age of "death at the hands of heaven" is 60 from the pasuk תָּבוֹא בְכֶלַח אֱלֵי קָבֶר כַּעֲלוֹת גָּדִישׁ בְּעִתּוֹ in which the bold word has the numerical value of 60, yielding the interpretation You will come to the grave at 60, like a stack that goes in its proper time I am not sure if this satisfies ...


13

In the Yerushalmi (Shekalim 1:3), Rav Yochanan ben Zakkai's position that the tribe of Levi was obligated to give the annual half-Shekel Temple tax is derived from the verse (Exodus 30:13) זה יתנו where זה is 12 in Gematria, implying all 12 tribes need to give the tax. Rambam (Shekalim 1:7) rules like this opinion.


12

According to this (p. 9) the Gra never said this, it was actually proposed by Max Munk and was wrongly attributed to the former, This solution is attributed to Eliyahu the Gaon of Vilna (18th century), known as the Gra. The Gra was not only a Gadol in Torah, but also an accomplished mathematician. However, there is evidence that this solution was ...


11

This number has, to the best of my knowledge, no significance whatsoever in Judaism. You can search according to gematria here but, as my teacher Rabbi Tzvi Aryeh Rosenfeld z'l said in a shiur, the average person shouldn't really come up with their own gematrios, generally speaking, and expect anything from them. You will find that there are many ...


10

It's apparently an oral tradition relating to one of the students of the Vilna Gaon, Rabbi Yisrael of Shklov. The more complete story is recounted here in Hebrew. It begins like this: הגאון רבי ישראל משקלוב מספר, על תלמיד מתלמידי הגר"א, שבא לקבל פני רבו בחול המועד סוכות, וביקש מרבו כי יעמידו במבחן על כל מסכתא דסוכה על פה. היה זה אחר שקודם החג עורר הגאון ...


9

Ibn Ezra appears to reject gematria as a means of discovering meaning. In response to Rashi's equating the 318 men with Eliezer (see Genesis 14:14), he writes: " חניכיו - שחנכם פעמים רבות במלחמה ואם לא נזכר. וחשבון אותיות אליעזר דרך דרש, כי אין הכתוב מדבר בגימטריא, כי יכול יוכל הרוצה להוציא כל שם לטוב ולרע, רק השם כמשמעו." "and the count of the letters ...


7

There are lots of examples of this in Sefer Kol-Bo (c. 14th century). One such example, brought in §122, concerns the halakha that a convert will only be accepted if s/he agrees to observe the entire Torah. This is learnt out from Psalm 146:7-9, as follows: ה' מתיר אסורים, ה' פוקח עורים, ה' זוקף כפופים, ה' אוהב צדיקים, ה' שומר את גרים: ראשי התיבות הללו ...


7

Among the many explanations of what it means when we say that the Avos kept the Torah (as in the linked question) is that they did so on a spiritual level. R. Shneur Zalman of Liadi thus states in one of his Chassidic discourses (Va'eira 5572): קיים אאע״ה כל התורה כולה עד שלא ניתנה וכן ביעקב עם לבן גרתי ותרי״ג מצות שמרתי והיינו רק ברוחנית שהרי לא יתכן ...


7

Well let's see here, If you're looking for a backronym in Tanach it's pretty slim pickings inspiration-wise. Ezekiel 7:20: וצבי עדיו לגאון שמהו וצלמי *ת*ועבתם *ש*קוציהם *ע*שו *ב*ו על כן נתתיו להם לנדה and statues of their awful, disgusting things they made ... Isaiah 38:12-13: מיום עד-לילה *ת*שלימני. *ש*ויתי *ע*ד-*ב*קר כארי I was a ...


7

The Beis Yosef attributes this to the Orchos Chayim in Orach Chayim 32 (2/3 down here) without mentioning a midrash. כתב בארחות חיים: לפיכך עושין שי"ן יותר משאר אותיות, כדי לרמוז הימים שאדם מניחם בשנה שהם ש׳.‏ Thanks to @YaacovDeane for the superior citation from Orchos Chayim (T'filin 27), which brings this idea (that the Shin hints to the number of ...


6

Various people always come up with phrases starting with "תהא שנת" whose initials are the standard alphabetic representation of the year's number (or a variant thereof when the standard is a bad word like תשמד). I suppose we can do so collectively here. I'm making this answer community wiki to collect such. Please add to the list. תהא שנת...‏ עבודת ...


6

The word Chashmonai is Roshei Teivos - Chodesh, Shabbos, Milah, Nidah, Ishus, Yichud Hashem wjich are the six Mitzvos the Yevanim wanted to eradicate. (Shaar Bas Rabim)


6

The Gemara in Menahot 39a implies that the bare minimum Biblical obligation is only one knot. However, Tosfot there understand that this single knot mentioned by the Gemara is actually (what we would call) a double knot, because a single knot doesn't hold tight. However, there are other traditions of how to make this knot, such as in the example all the way ...


5

R. Yehuda Aryeh Modena in his work Ari Nohem (p. 31) criticizes the method of using gematria as any kind of proof, primarily because anything can be "proved" this way. דבשלמא אם אחר הנחה אמתית ומקובלת וברורה מן התורה נמצא איזה ראשי תיבות או סופי תיבות או גימטריאות להיות לנו כמן זכרון מקומי הוא יפה אף נעים אך להוכיח דבר בלתי נודע ובלי ראיה אחרת וכ"ש ...


5

Gematria is allowed to be off by 1, because the word itself is counted as the missing 1. This rule is called kolel (and the words עם הכולל "with the kolel" are sometimes used to make clear that there is a difference of 1). I'm not sure when this method of counting was first used, but the Leket Yosher (p. 3), citing the Trumat Hadeshen, brings a proof to ...


4

25th word in the Torah is Ohr, a hint to the miracle of Chanukah, which happened with lights on the 25th day of Kislev.


4

The Lubavitcher Rebbe addresses this in a letter included in the appendices to Likkutei Sichos vol. 16. He gives several explanations: According to the מהר״ש מאסטרופוליא הי'ד: Each of the names have a gematria of 9 in mispar katan - except NaB (5+2 = 7). BaN on the other hand, does have a mispar katan of 9, since a final nun has a mispar gadol of 700. The ...


4

If it is only examples that you want, you will find one of each within the first Berakha of the Amidah with the Kavvanot the Rashash. I give you the siddur of Rav Abulafia as an early and slightly more detailed example. There is also the short version, which you may find a bit easier on the eyes, known as the Arom Tzova. However if you want to know why ...


4

As @rony points out, there were many mitzvot that Yaakov had no way of keeping while he was in the house of Laban. Some examples include all the mitzvot that are dependent on the Land (e.g. Trumah) and Mitzvot that are dependent on the congregation (e.g. appointing a king). @Alex brings other examples in his answer. If so, how could Yaakov say "עם לבן גרתי ...


4

Ya'akov couldn't be "mekayem" (to perform?) all the miztvot. For example Kivud av (honoring your parents) and Yishuv Eretz Yisrael (live in Israel). So here "shamarti" may mean something different. When Ya'akov heard Yosef's dream (Breshit 37:11) the Torah writes that he "shamar" the dream. Rashi writes: שמר את הדבר - היה ממתין ומצפה מתי יבא, he waited ...


4

First, I think there is a misunderstanding in the question. The Book of Jubilees is not recognized at all in Rabbinic Judaism (although Wikipedia records some speculation that as late as the 12th century some authors of Medrashim had access to it), rather the reference, if it exists, is to the concept of a Jubiliee year (meaning a 49 or 50 year period of ...


4

This story originated and was first publicized by the Jewish Christian and long time Christian Missionary to the Jews, Ludwig Schneider, on page 18 in the March 2008 edition of Israel Today Magazine. Here is the link. He states clearly that this is found in Sefer HaGematriyot of Rabbi Yehuda HaChassid (Yehudah ben Shmuel). I have the sefer and to date have ...


4

I do not have the entire Tanach calculated, but as per the Torah and Tehillim, you are right :) Here are the top ten for in the Torah תִשְׂתָּרֵר=1500 שַׁרְשְׁרֹת=1400 וְעַשְׁתְּרֹת=1376 בְּעַשְׁתְּרֹת=1372 שְׁקַעֲרוּרֹת=1276 תִתְחַתֵּן=1258 וְהִתְקַדִּשְׁתֶּם=1255 תְּשׁוּקָתֵךְ=1226 בְּתַחְתִּית=1220 תַּחְתִּית=1218 Top ten in the Tehillim: ...


4

There are many different substitution systems. I'm not aware of any place that puts them all nicely in a catalog, but in Sefer HaErchin Chabad in the section (two different volumes of it, actually) about letters it intersperses many examples of the types of substitutions. The one you are looking at is based on the part of the mouth where the letter is ...


4

Bear with me, I am going to build things up the way the Seder song "Echad Mi Yodeia / Who knows one?" does. This post is based on the Maharal's commentary on Avos 1:2 and R' SR Hirch's explanation in Collected Writings III on the symbolism of the numbers 3 & 4. "One is Hashem". Nothing more need to be said. "Two are the tablets". On one tablet are ...


4

This is found in the Midrash Aggada (ed. Buber) to Deuteronomy (3:23): ואתחנן. תקט"ו תפלות עשה על זה הדבר כמנין ואתחנן אעפ"כ לא קבל הקדוש ברוך הוא תפלתו Vaethanan: He prayed 515 prayers on this, like the numerical value of 'vaethanan' (ואתחנן), but nevertheless God did not accept his prayer. It is also found in Deuteronomy Rabba (ed. Vilna: 11:10), ...


4

The artscroll Baal Haturim Chumash on Bereishis has an excellent introduction on gematrias, letter substitutions and such.


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible