20

I did some calculations and came up with the top 5 for each sefer in Tanach, along with the top twenty overall. I also provided my list of top 10 for Torah and Tehillim for comparison with AvnerMil's. For the Tanach source, i used Mechon Mamre's niqqudless Tanach. The code is available here on GitHub Gists. Comes with a README explaining how to run it. Top ...


17

One of the first Tosafot in Gittin 2a (מתני' המביא גט) brings that the reason the Get has 12 lines is because the gematriya of Get is 12. ומה שנוהגים לכתוב י"ב שורות בגט אומר ר"ת משום דגט גימטריא י"ב That which we're accustomed to write 12 lines in a Get- Rabbeinu Tam says because "Get" has a gematriya of 12


13

In the Yerushalmi (Shekalim 1:3), Rav Yochanan ben Zakkai's position that the tribe of Levi was obligated to give the annual half-Shekel Temple tax is derived from the verse (Exodus 30:13) זה יתנו where זה is 12 in Gematria, implying all 12 tribes need to give the tax. Rambam (Shekalim 1:7) rules like this opinion.


12

According to this (p. 9) the Gra never said this, it was actually proposed by Max Munk and was wrongly attributed to the former, This solution is attributed to Eliyahu the Gaon of Vilna (18th century), known as the Gra. The Gra was not only a Gadol in Torah, but also an accomplished mathematician. However, there is evidence that this solution was ...


11

This number has, to the best of my knowledge, no significance whatsoever in Judaism. You can search according to gematria here but, as my teacher Rabbi Tzvi Aryeh Rosenfeld z'l said in a shiur, the average person shouldn't really come up with their own gematrios, generally speaking, and expect anything from them. You will find that there are many ...


10

It's apparently an oral tradition relating to one of the students of the Vilna Gaon, Rabbi Yisrael of Shklov. The more complete story is recounted here in Hebrew. It begins like this: הגאון רבי ישראל משקלוב מספר, על תלמיד מתלמידי הגר"א, שבא לקבל פני רבו בחול המועד סוכות, וביקש מרבו כי יעמידו במבחן על כל מסכתא דסוכה על פה. היה זה אחר שקודם החג עורר הגאון ...


9

Ibn Ezra appears to reject gematria as a means of discovering meaning. In response to Rashi's equating the 318 men with Eliezer (see Genesis 14:14), he writes: " חניכיו - שחנכם פעמים רבות במלחמה ואם לא נזכר. וחשבון אותיות אליעזר דרך דרש, כי אין הכתוב מדבר בגימטריא, כי יכול יוכל הרוצה להוציא כל שם לטוב ולרע, רק השם כמשמעו." "and the count of the letters ...


7

There are lots of examples of this in Sefer Kol-Bo (c. 14th century). One such example, brought in §122, concerns the halakha that a convert will only be accepted if s/he agrees to observe the entire Torah. This is learnt out from Psalm 146:7-9, as follows: ה' מתיר אסורים, ה' פוקח עורים, ה' זוקף כפופים, ה' אוהב צדיקים, ה' שומר את גרים: ראשי התיבות הללו ...


7

The Beis Yosef attributes this to the Orchos Chayim in Orach Chayim 32 (2/3 down here) without mentioning a midrash. כתב בארחות חיים: לפיכך עושין שי"ן יותר משאר אותיות, כדי לרמוז הימים שאדם מניחם בשנה שהם ש׳.‏ Thanks to @YaacovDeane for the superior citation from Orchos Chayim (T'filin 27), which brings this idea (that the Shin hints to the number of ...


6

The Gemara in Menahot 39a implies that the bare minimum Biblical obligation is only one knot. However, Tosfot there understand that this single knot mentioned by the Gemara is actually (what we would call) a double knot, because a single knot doesn't hold tight. However, there are other traditions of how to make this knot, such as in the example all the way ...


5

R. Yehuda Aryeh Modena in his work Ari Nohem (p. 31) criticizes the method of using gematria as any kind of proof, primarily because anything can be "proved" this way. דבשלמא אם אחר הנחה אמתית ומקובלת וברורה מן התורה נמצא איזה ראשי תיבות או סופי תיבות או גימטריאות להיות לנו כמן זכרון מקומי הוא יפה אף נעים אך להוכיח דבר בלתי נודע ובלי ראיה אחרת וכ"ש ...


5

Gematria is allowed to be off by 1, because the word itself is counted as the missing 1. This rule is called kolel (and the words עם הכולל "with the kolel" are sometimes used to make clear that there is a difference of 1). I'm not sure when this method of counting was first used, but the Leket Yosher (p. 3), citing the Trumat Hadeshen, brings a proof to ...


4

There are many different substitution systems. I'm not aware of any place that puts them all nicely in a catalog, but in Sefer HaErchin Chabad in the section (two different volumes of it, actually) about letters it intersperses many examples of the types of substitutions. The one you are looking at is based on the part of the mouth where the letter is ...


4

This story originated and was first publicized by the Jewish Christian and long time Christian Missionary to the Jews, Ludwig Schneider, on page 18 in the March 2008 edition of Israel Today Magazine. Here is the link. He states clearly that this is found in Sefer HaGematriyot of Rabbi Yehuda HaChassid (Yehudah ben Shmuel). I have the sefer and to date have ...


4

First, I think there is a misunderstanding in the question. The Book of Jubilees is not recognized at all in Rabbinic Judaism (although Wikipedia records some speculation that as late as the 12th century some authors of Medrashim had access to it), rather the reference, if it exists, is to the concept of a Jubiliee year (meaning a 49 or 50 year period of ...


4

I do not have the entire Tanach calculated, but as per the Torah and Tehillim, you are right :) Here are the top ten for in the Torah תִשְׂתָּרֵר=1500 שַׁרְשְׁרֹת=1400 וְעַשְׁתְּרֹת=1376 בְּעַשְׁתְּרֹת=1372 שְׁקַעֲרוּרֹת=1276 תִתְחַתֵּן=1258 וְהִתְקַדִּשְׁתֶּם=1255 תְּשׁוּקָתֵךְ=1226 בְּתַחְתִּית=1220 תַּחְתִּית=1218 Top ten in the Tehillim: ...


4

The Lubavitcher Rebbe addresses this in a letter included in the appendices to Likkutei Sichos vol. 16. He gives several explanations: According to the מהר״ש מאסטרופוליא הי'ד: Each of the names have a gematria of 9 in mispar katan - except NaB (5+2 = 7). BaN on the other hand, does have a mispar katan of 9, since a final nun has a mispar gadol of 700. The ...


4

If it is only examples that you want, you will find one of each within the first Berakha of the Amidah with the Kavvanot the Rashash. I give you the siddur of Rav Abulafia as an early and slightly more detailed example. There is also the short version, which you may find a bit easier on the eyes, known as the Arom Tzova. However if you want to know why ...


4

Thing is, we use Greek gematria also. The Midrash (Yalkut on the Torah, Remez 20 and 692; Bereishis Rabbah 14:2; Bamidbar Rabbah 4:3; Tanchuma, Parshas Bamidbar 18) and Yerushalmi (Yevamos 4:2) record an exchange between a Greek and R' Avahu. There is a concept that some babies are to be born after seven months, while others are to be born after nine. A baby ...


4

Bear with me, I am going to build things up the way the Seder song "Echad Mi Yodeia / Who knows one?" does. This post is based on the Maharal's commentary on Avos 1:2 and R' SR Hirch's explanation in Collected Writings III on the symbolism of the numbers 3 & 4. "One is Hashem". Nothing more need to be said. "Two are the tablets". On one tablet are ...


4

This is found in the Midrash Aggada (ed. Buber) to Deuteronomy (3:23): ואתחנן. תקט"ו תפלות עשה על זה הדבר כמנין ואתחנן אעפ"כ לא קבל הקדוש ברוך הוא תפלתו Vaethanan: He prayed 515 prayers on this, like the numerical value of 'vaethanan' (ואתחנן), but nevertheless God did not accept his prayer. It is also found in Deuteronomy Rabba (ed. Vilna: 11:10), ...


4

The artscroll Baal Haturim Chumash on Bereishis has an excellent introduction on gematrias, letter substitutions and such.


4

All this is gematria, wherein every letter in the Hebrew alphabet is equal to a number and vice versa, e.g., 1=א 2=ב etc. All the numbers presented match their appropriate gematria. The translations presented are just literal translations. For more information see gematria-numerology


4

While the real answer is the one posted by Shmuel, I’d like to post an answer in the line of your final question, “Are there any other terms and expressions commonly shared?” φ Fi Fo Fum First, I’d like to address your example of φ, the Golden Ratio. The reason those two numbers have anything to do with φ is because they are in the Fibonacci sequence (1, 1,...


3

The Talmud Yerushalmi Sotah Halacha 5,1 derives that the man who cohabited with the Sotah also gets punished when the woman drinks the "cursed" waters because of the gematria: כשם שהמים בודקין אותה כך בודקין אותו. המאררים אמר רבי תנחומא מנין המאררים נגד רמ"ח אברים שיש בה ונגד רמ"ח אברים שיש בו Just like the Sotah waters check the woman to punish her ...


3

According to Reish Lakish when put into Cheirem by a Chacham, a person's whole Body which has 248 limbs is put in חרם-excomunication gematria 248. Once the Chacham releases him, his limbs must be completely released from the Cheirem and revert back to normal as the Chacham should invoke Hashem's mercy after the anger, and רחם is also Gematria 248 so even ...


3

because if it were termed נ"ב then it wouldn’t equal 9 in “the small number gematria” value. The “small number gematria value” comes down to this: were I to add 2+4+6 I’d of course arrive at 12. If I were to add the 1 and 2 of the figure 12 I’d arrived at just now, I’d then arrive at the number 3, which is the “small number gematria” value of the original 2+...


3

I have been using a great program called Gematriel 2.0 (גימטריאל) by Dr. Raphael Polyakov available here: http://raphael.eu.pn/gematriel/. It lets you enter both text and numbers and has a full Torah text too.


3

If I may toot my own horn, I created just such a website as this question addresses. The website consists of only 3 "pages": 1) A Home Page, with the methods of search to choose from; 2) An Options Page, that provides the options of that method you chose; 3) A Results Page, or your "Hit list", listing all the matches. Doing it this way, and keeping global ...


3

Rashi Explains in Bereishis 7,4 that Mesushelach was a Righteous person and Hashem waited for him to die naturally so that Noach could mourn his grandfather properly for 7 days, just before the flood started. So Mesushelach's death was very significant as it coincided with the beginning of the flood and he was not puished with the wicked of that generation. ...


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