7

Tammuz originated as a Sumerian shepherd god. In Babylonia, the month Tammuz was established in honor of the eponymous god Tammuz, who originated as a Sumerian shepherd-god, The idolatrous ritual of mourning corresponded with the changing of the seasons. the Babylonians marked the decline in daylight hours and the onset of killing summer heat and drought ...


7

There are numerous prophecies about the Messianic era and they are generally viewed together as a "single package". As such, Orthodox Judaism is hesitant to declare a single prophecy of that package fulfilled in case there is a snag in the fulfillment of the other and it turns out that that declaration was in error. The more Zionist groups of Orthodoxy will ...


6

While the verse cited does predict a return of the Jews to the land of Israel it also includes details which have not yet been realized. The return of large numbers of Jews to Israel and an independent Jewish state are a necessary condition for the fulfillment of this prophecy (and others) but not a sufficient condition for its fulfillment. That this ...


5

Mamzerut is not a punishment for the deed, the punishment ends with the death of the parents, if it applies. Mamzerut is a situation, a מציאות . I think of it as a genetic disease, or a social/geographical condition in which the child is born because of the parents . I shall add some mekorot later.


5

Targum on that passuk spells out the numbers and Rashi quotes him. Each chaya has 64 wings. They each have four partzuphim, each partzuph has four faces and each face has four wings. 4 X 4 x 4=64. Then, being that he saw 4 chayos turns out he saw 256 wings.


5

Remember that man for good and Chanania ben Chizkia is his name for if not for him the seffer Yechezkel would have been hidden, for his words contradict the Torah. What did he do, he brought three hundred barrels of oil and sat in the upper dwelling and expounded. Shabbos 13b. Just so happens that the things that Yechezkel said which contradicted the Torah ...


4

According to מעדני מלכים no. 187, citing the כסף משנה to Rambam, Hilchot Avel 2:1 that only things that are "מפורש בתורה ממש," only things that are absolutely explicit in the Torah are considered to be mitzvos on the Biblical level; if it's not absolutely clear, then it is considered to be "מדברי סופרים." He doesn't consider "שארו" to be absolutely explicit,...


4

The Ohr Chaim on Bamidbar 3:45 writes that the firstborn will serve in the Third Temple. שאמרו ז"ל עתידה עבודה שתחזור לבכורות R' Yonathan Eybeschutz writes in Ahavat Yonatan on the haftorah for Emor, that in the future, there will be atonement for the sin of the golden calf, and thus the firstborn will return to temple service. I've seen many who are ...


4

Babylon defeated Egypt shortly after laying waste to Jerusalem. That is, the Babylonians first routed the Egyptian army at the Battle of Carchemish, and within 35 years, defeated Egypt proper. Writing in the 1st Century, Josephus had quoted the historian Berossus, who lived some 250 years after the fall of Babylon (and about 250 years before Josephus). In ...


4

Rash"i and his younger contemporary, Mahar"i Kara, as well as M'tzudas Tziyun, and Rada"k identify it as afarsimon extract. This is attributed to the identification of the substance by Yosifon. Some of the commentators also add that these trees were indigenous to Y'richo and their fragrance gave the city its name. Most of that chapter associates trees or ...


4

Placing the Chayot at the top of the hierarchy is brought in Tanna Devei Eliyahu Rabbah 31:2: "כיצד ישב הקב"ה וברא את עולמו חמש שיטות בדבר זה שטה ראשונה ברא הקב"ה שני אלפים רבבות כרובים ושני אלפים רבבות אופנים וכל שרפים ואראלים וכן שאר מלאכי השרת אין מספר ולמעלה מהן חיות הקודש ולמעלה מהן רקיע כעין הקרח הנורא ולמעלה ממנו כסה"כ ולמעלה ממנו ...


3

There are two answers, one from the main translation (as explained by Rashi) and one that I came up with based on logic. Yechezkel 44:22 And neither a widow nor a divorced woman may they take for wives, but they shall take virgins from the descendants of the House of Israel; also the widow who is only a widow, some of the priests may marry. RASHI ...


3

Abarbanel discusses this issue in his commentary on Yechezkel 26:1: השאלה השישית בכפל המאמרים שאמר הנביא על מפלת צור כי אחרי שאמר ושחתו חומות צור והרסו מגדליה וסחתי עפרה ממנה ונתתי אותה לצחיח סלע משטח חרמים תהיה בתוך הים מה צורך לומר שנית בתתי אותה עיר נחרבת כערים אשר לי נושבו בהעלות עליך את תהום וכסוך המים הרבים וכן שאר הפסוקים, ומכלל זה שבא נבואה אחד על ...


3

The Idea in Brief The plain reading and normal reading of Scripture indicates that Nebuchadnezzar would destroy the sister cities of Tyre “on the mainland,” which would result in the dissolution of the fame and fortune of the ISLAND city state from that point forward. Centuries later “they” (someone indicated in the text in contradistinction to ...


3

Rashi ad loc. says: ראיתי בספר יוסף הכהן עץ אפרסמון הוא פנג והיו מצויין ביריחו ועל שם ריח הטוב נקראת יריחו באלסמ"א בלע"ז:‏ I saw in the book of Joseph the Kohen that the afarsimon tree is Pannag, and they were found in Jericho. And, due to its good smell, it's called "Jericho Balsam"1 in a foreign language. My translation The Jewish ...


3

Rav Yaakov Kamenetzky (Emmes leYa'akov Parshas Bo, page רעא of the new edition) discusses this question. He writes (and if I remember well there is a Malbim who writes so too) that Yechezkel's Beth Hamikdash was meant to be final one. If the Jewish people during the Babilonian exile would have lived up to the level G'd wanted them to, they indeed would have ...


3

I understand the Rambam below is referring to your chapter (so no it is referring to the one not yet built (it shloud be speedily rebuilt) The rambam  » Mishneh Torah» Sefer Avodah » Beit Habechirah »  1 » 4 The [design of the] structure built by [King] Solomon is described explicitly in [the Book of] Kings. [In contrast, the design of] the Messianic ...


3

IIRC, the explanation goes like this: There's no Biblical festival of R"H, there's one of blowing the Shofar on the first day of the 7th month. On Jubilees, the main Shofar (to free the slaves, etc) is blown on the 10th day of the 7th month as it says: "וְסָפַרְתָּ לְךָ שֶׁבַע שַׁבְּתֹת שָׁנִים שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים שֶׁבַע פְּעָמִים וְהָיוּ לְךָ יְמֵי ...


2

See Did the Jews Disregard Ezekiel's Prophecy of the Temple and also Why Haven't the Jews Rebuilt the Temple Yet?. Rabbi Yehuda Shurpin in these two articles states that the Second Temple was not modeled after Ezekiel's temple (reason given) and that only in the Messianic age will it be built exactly as he described it.


2

Both Abravanel to Yehezkel 44:3 (see also 46:18) & the Radak to 44:3 states that the Nasi is Melech HaMoshiach.


2

RaDa”Q (R’ Dawidh Qimhi), commenting on Yehezqel 47:23, writes (my translation): והיה בשבט אשר גר הגר אתו - כי לעתיד בצאת ישראל מהגלות יודעו השבטים, אף על פי שהם מעורבים עתה ולא ידעו איש את שבטו, יבוא אליהו וייחס כל איש אל שבטו And, so it will be, in the tribe in which a convert lives with him - Because, in the future, when [the Nation of] Israel will leave ...


2

There is no 3rd Temple in a religious sense. It's a rebuilding of the second. The holiness of the second Temple is "sanctified for its time, and sanctified through to the future to come" -- ie all eternity. Just as we don't consider Herod's rebuilding and enhancement of the Second Temple to be a 3rd Temple, technically the messianic one will be a rebuilding ...


2

No, that seems like a pretty good translation of the original Hebrew to me. The Talmud (Bava Basra 75a) expounds these verses as referring to neither Hiram nor Satan but rather Adam. Hence, “You were in Eden, the garden of G-d.” The remainder of the passage is indicative of the honor bestowed upon him while he was still in the Garden. אמר רבי חמא (בר) ...


2

This isn't much. Basically showing what the book is about. But is well worth the purchase. The Messianic Temple by Chaim Clorfene.


2

R Yehuda Shurpin at chabad.org writes, in a nutshell, that Ezekiel's vision applied to a Temple built after full repentance and for an everlasting redemption. However, since the Jews repentance was only partial, the redemption was only partial and the Temple wasn't built to be everlasting, e.g., it lacked critical components such as the Holy Ark. In ...


2

I'm expanding @sabbaHillel first answer here, for good measure. קידושין עח ע"א-ב אמר ליה רב נחמן לרבא: האי קרא רישא בכהן גדול, וסיפא בכהן הדיוט? אמר ליה: אין. וכתב קרא הכי? אמר ליה: אין, ... 'והאלמנה אשר תהיה אלמנה מכהן יקחו' – מכהן אין, מישראל לא? הכי קאמר: מכהן יקחו – משאר כהנים יקחו Rav Nachman told Rava, that verse (Ezekiel 44:22), its first ...


2

The Torah in Kedoshim 19:17 says לֹֽא־תִשְׂנָ֥א אֶת־אָחִ֖יךָ בִּלְבָבֶ֑ךָ הוֹכֵ֤חַ תּוֹכִ֨יחַ֙ אֶת־עֲמִיתֶ֔ךָ וְלֹֽא־תִשָּׂ֥א עָלָ֖יו חֵֽטְא: 17 You shall not hate your brother in your heart. You shall surely rebuke your fellow, but you shall not bear a sin on his account. One should attempt to get someone to behave properly but rebuke him in ...


2

For Elijah to have resurrected the dead boy, he had to enter a room containing the corpse, which would be prohibited contact for a kohen. Ezekiel stood out looking over a valley, prophesized, and the bones turned into living beings. Even if understood literally (which the Talmud debated), he never had to get close enough (or under the same roof as) the dead ...


2

See Rashi there who quotes the translation of Yonasan ben Uziel: statutes that were not good I delivered them into the hands of their temptation to stumble over their iniquity, and so did Jonathan render: And I delivered them into the hands of their foolish temptation, and they went and made decrees that were not good, and practices by which they cannot ...


2

Chullin 91B/92A with mefarshim. Simple reading explicitly says that Ofanim>Serafim. See Tosafos who says Chayos are superior to Serafim as well.


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