10

There are many explanations to the significance of creating Eve from Adam's rib. By the way, it's not a universal opinion that "tzela" should be translated as "rib" (Hazal have also transalted it as "side," which works with the midrash of them being originally joined together). Going with the "rib" translation, here are a few explanations. Bereshit Rabbah ...


9

It wasn't necessarily a rib. The Talmud (Berachos 61a) presents two opinions: one is that Eve was created as a fully-formed human, with she and Adam attached back-to-back, and then G-d separated them; the other is that Adam had a "zanav" (lit., "tail," although some of the commentaries explain that this just means any extra body part*). According to either ...


8

The Midrash (Bereishis Rabbah 17:8) makes a similar point, but regarding being appeased, rather than when they’re still in conflict. מִפְּנֵי מָה הָאִישׁ נוֹחַ לְהִתְפַּתּוֹת וְאֵין הָאִשָּׁה נוֹחָה לְהִתְפַּתּוֹת, אָמַר לָהֶן אָדָם נִבְרָא מֵאֲדָמָה וְכֵיוָן שֶׁאַתָּה נוֹתֵן עָלֶיהָ טִפָּה שֶׁל מַיִם מִיָּד הִיא נִשְׁרֵית, וְחַוָּה נִבְרֵאת מֵעֶצֶם ...


8

Malbim explains that Adam had been calling her "woman" because of her role as his helpmeet. Since she failed in that role by ill-advising him to eat from the tree, he stopped calling her that. Instead, he called her after her remaining function to him: mothering his children. Haamek Davar has a long thesis regarding the sin of Adam and Eve, its causes, and ...


8

Rashi says that the name occurred earlier and we're just being told this later: And the man named: Scripture returns to its previous topic (2:20): “And the man named,” and it interrupted only to teach you that through the giving of names, Eve was mated to him, as it is written (above 2:20): “but for man, he did not find a helpmate opposite him.” Therefore,...


7

In a comment to the OP's question Fred cites the well-known Rashi (see above). The Bartenura on the Torah expands on this Rashi (text borrowed from Sefaria.org, produced here in full): ותתן גם לאישה שלא תמות היא ויחיה הוא וישא אשה אחרת. קשה למה נתכונה להרוג את אישה כדי שלא ישא אשה אחרת הרי היא מוספת על חטאתה פשע ללא תועלת י"ל שהיתה סבורה לומר אם יאכל גם ...


7

I once heard this idea, I believe quoted from R' Moshe Shapiro: Being naked is not something that should be intrinsically shameful. The body, which is the purely physical component of man, is meant to be subservient, and compliment, the spiritual component of man. It is only when the physical is no longer in line with the spiritual mission that it becomes ...


7

There are a few Midrashic sources that tell us that the animal kingdom seemed to take care of things: In Pirkei D'Rebbi Eliezer 21 it notes that firstly his sheepdog did 'shmira' over the body, and then a raven showed Adam what to do. הכלב שהיה משמר צאנו של הבל הוא היה שומרו מכל חית השדה ומעוף השמי' והיו אדם ועזרו יושבים ובוכים ומתאבלי' עליו ולא היו יודעים ...


6

There is a conflict in the Midrashim as to who she was buried by. According (to the footnotes in) Seder Olam (Bereishis 1) she was buried by Chanoch. This presumes that she outlived Adam. Yet, the Sefer Tziyoni (Chayei Sarah) writes that it was Adam, so she clearly died first.


6

Radak says two reasons. 1 - Since Hashem spoke to Adam directly, therefore the snake communicated with Chava. כי לא היתה מצות האל לאשה אע״פ שאדם אמר לאשה מצות האל 2 - Since the snake felt it would be easier to convince a lady to do something wrong. ואמר אל האשה ולא אמר לאיש, האשה קרובה להתפתות יותר מן האיש


6

The Shadal on the verse reads עצם מעצמי ובשר מבשרי: זאת היא דומה לי וצורת עצמותיה כצורת עצמי ומראה בשרה כמראה בשרי, והנה היא עצם ממין עצמי ובשר ממין בשרי (תלמידי יוסף ירא), ואח"כ שפט כי ממנו לוקחה, ואומר לזאת יקרא אשה כי מאיש לוקחה זאת That Adam was noticing that her bone and flesh structures and appearances mirrored him -- he was not commenting on how ...


6

Sanhedrin 38b contains a chronology of Adam's first day, in which the births of Cain and Abel precede Adam and Eve's sin: Rabbi Yoḥanan bar Ḥanina says: Daytime is twelve hours long, and the day Adam the first man was created was divided as follows: In the first hour of the day, his dust was gathered. In the second, an undefined figure was fashioned. In ...


5

UPDATE Technically everyone "became Jewish" at the revelation at Sinai which is regarded as everyone there having converted at that moment. This is the starting point of the recursive definition of "Who is a Jew". Technically, Judaism did not begin until the revelation at Sinai. Thus, Adam, Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov were able to keep shabbat. However, ...


5

all humans must also die because of Adam and Chava. this is not a punishment but a consequence. If a couple has a venereal disease and the child also contracts it, he is not being punished but rather paying the consequences of his parents actions. when chava was punished, her physical and spiritual makeup changed and she transfered this to her offspring ...


5

According to Sforno, yes: both pain and other issues on childbirth and pregnancy mentioned in this verse indicates that the exact opposite occurred before their sin. her pregnancy will be exactly the opposite of what it had been before she sinned. (Translation from Sefaria) On regard the other question, if they had a child before they sinned, the answer is ...


5

R. Abraham Viterbo deals with this in Ma'amar Chamishi of Sefer Emunat Chachamim (bottom of page 40a). He begins by mentioning the idea that dark skin was a result of Noah's curse to Canaan. In that case, he says, we would have to assume that all the physiological differences between people of different skin colors occurred at the time of Noah's curse, and ...


4

According to the Ariza"l, both Adam and Chava's soul were made up of all the souls of all generations - נשמה הכוללת - an all encompassing soul. This is because they were the progenators of the human race, and whatever defect they caused on their souls would be transferred and imprinted onto all future generations: In the Lurianic systemisation of ...


4

The כלי יקר seems to discuss both your approaches - making it seem that Chazal didn't voice a [strong] opinion either way. He first mentions the popular approach that עִמָּהּ means that she intended him to share her fate. ותתן גם לאישה עמה. מלת עמה. פירשו המפרשים כדי שיהיה עמה תמיד ולא ישא אחרת כשתמות היא. ‏ He then tries 2 approaches to make the ...


4

The Kli Yakar on 3:1 writes (courtesy of sefaria): There is a big question in this matter: If the woman added the command of "do not touch" by herself; behold, she knew the truth that God did not command about the touching. And if so, how was the woman seduced by these empty words, saying that in the same way as there is no death penalty from touching, so ...


3

An interesting explanation is that according to R. Yosef Bechor Shor, it seems like the punishment was not that the birthing process was made painful, but instead that the birthing process was added, and it happens to be painful. According to him, before eating from the tree there was no need for any giving birth at all. Since there was no death, there was ...


3

Rav Hirsch translates Bereishis 3:16 אֶל־הָֽאִשָּׁ֣ה אָמַ֗ר הַרְבָּ֤ה אַרְבֶּה֙ עִצְּבוֹנֵ֣ךְ וְהֵֽרֹנֵ֔ךְ בְּעֶ֖צֶב תֵּֽלְדִ֣י בָנִ֑ים וְאֶל־אִישֵׁךְ֙ תְּשׁ֣וּקָתֵ֔ךְ וְה֖וּא יִמְשָׁל־בָּֽךְ: But to the woman He had said: Thy renunciation and thy conception will I make greater still, with renunciation shalt thou bear children; and unto thy ...


3

There are two possible issues here: 1) Did Chava commit adultery against Adam by having relations with the snake? 2) Did Chava commit bestiality by having relations with the snake? Now of course she did commit these things according to Gem' A"Z 22b. However, the question is if she can be faulted for breaking the law when she did? 1) Adultery did not take ...


3

It says in Bava Basra 58a that she was buried in Hebron, but it does not say an age. And I was looking in different places to, and I do not think anyone says the age of Chava when she died, but I could be easily be wrong.


3

The Sefer HaYovelot (or Yovelim) is the oldest existing Midrash/perush on the Chumash (that we have today), and it dates back to the times of the Hashmonaim. It states that Adam and Hava had children only after the Chet ובראש החודש הרביעי יצאו האדם ואשתו מגן עדן וישבו בארץ אלדד בארץ אשר נבראו שם And on the new moon of the fourth month, Adam and his ...


3

The answer is in Midrash Tanchuma, Bereshit 10:2: After Cain slew Abel, the body lay outstretched upon the earth, since Cain did not know how to dispose of it. Thereupon, the Holy One, blessed be He, selected two clean birds and caused one of them to kill the other. The surviving bird dug the earth with its talons and buried its victim. Cain learned from ...


2

Both Yalkut Reuveni, Parshas Chayei Sara and Zohar 3:164a doesn't mention how long Chava lived, but says that she died before Adam and he was the one who buried her.


2

The Ramban brings 3 answers to this question (one of which is citing non-Jewish philosophers that I am not sure he is agreeing to, so I won't be quoting it): 1st explanation: בעת שתאכל ממנו תהיה בן מות וכמוהו ביום צאתך והלכת אנה ואנה ידוע תדע כי מות תמות (מלכים א ב מב) שאין הכוונה שימות מיד בו ביום ואין הכוונה לידיעה בלבד שידע שימות כי החיים יודעים שימותו ...


2

Simply put, HaShem had mercy (link, quoting Vayikra Rabbah 29). Alternatively, 1000 years is considered one day (Psalms 90:4), so Adam did die on the same "day" as he lived 930 years.


2

There is a principle of שלוחו של אדם כמותו, that the sending out of Adam is like his death. But more seriously, on a peshat level, once we look at the context, we can say that this brought mortality to the world, and to humanity. On the day that you eat from the tree, you will become mortal. Which was then why he had to be prevented from eating from the ...


2

It is a matter of dispute. See here in an old speech of mine: Beraishis Rabba (19:5) and (20:8) relate a three-way dispute as to why Adam ate from the tree. Rabbi Aivu quotes the ... pasuk: vattitten gam li-ishah eemah vayyochal. and she gave also to her husband with her and he ate. Rabbi Aivu derives from the pasuk that he ate because she gave it to him. ...


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