25

I have faced this problem several times - sometimes a holiday and sometimes Shabbat (directly, or not having time to get home). How I handle it depends in part on whether the plans can still be changed, but the broad outline is the same. It goes roughly like this: (Name), I'd really like to be able to attend this event. (Something about why it's important....


19

Targum Yonassan followed by Rashi (2:1) explain that she was an inkeeper (that "zona" in this context relates to the word "mazon" for bread). Radak explains that she was actually a prostitute and that even Targum agrees, and that sometimes Targum uses the term for innkeeper to mean harlot. Abarbanel writes that the two explanation arent mutually exclusive ...


17

The Talmud Bavli (Zevachim 116b, top) states quite plainly that she was a harlot: דאמר מר: אין לך כל שר ונגיד שלא בא על רחב הזונה. אמרו: בת י' שנים היתה כשיצאו ישראל ממצרים, וזנתה [כל] מ' שנה שהיו ישראל במדבר, אחר נ' שנה נתגיירה, אמרה: יהא מחול לי בשכר חבל חלון ופשתים. [A]s a master said, There was no prince or ruler who had not possessed Rahab the ...


16

Wages must be paid to an employee, and paid on time: Vayikra 19:13: לֹֽא־תַעֲשֹׁ֥ק אֶת־רֵֽעֲךָ֖ וְלֹ֣א תִגְזֹ֑ל לֹֽא־תָלִ֞ין פְּעֻלַּ֥ת שָׂכִ֛יר אִתְּךָ֖ עַד־בֹּֽקֶר׃ You shall not defraud your fellow. You shall not commit robbery. The wages of a laborer shall not remain with you until morning. Devarim 24:14-15: לֹא־תַעֲשֹׁ֥ק שָׂכִ֖יר עָנִ֣י וְאֶבְי֑וֹן ...


15

You may be referring to the Chidushei Chasam Sofer on Bava Basra 57b. The gemara there states as follows: בעא מיניה ר' יוחנן מרבי בנאה... שלחן של ת"ח כיצד שני שלישי גדיל ושליש גלאי ועליו קערות וירק וטבעתו מבחוץ והא תניא טבעתו מבפנים לא קשיא הא דאיכא ינוקא הא דליכא ינוקא ואי בעית אימא הא והא דליכא ינוקא ולא קשיא הא דאיכא שמעא הא דליכא שמעא ואי בעית אימא ...


14

I have faced this issue many times myself - or advised younger colleagues facing the same. A few thoughts I have found it critical to be very clear, direct and consistent. If you can explain that you are a religious Jews, never work/use electricity/travel on Shabbat and religious holidays, and consistently take off all holidays, then most non-Jews will ...


13

Ramban there offers a couple of reasons: Leah's eyes were weak (29:17), so the sun would be harmful to her. Precisely because she was older, so there was more of a concern that the shepherds would take inappropriate liberties with her.


10

I would think that the normal assumption for an employee discount would that it would be for the personal use of the employee and not for his friends and not for him to do business with. I am supported in this by this article about the Original Employee Discount. He quotes: “When you come [to work] in your neighbor’s vineyard, then you may eat the ...


9

First, as @Yirmeyahu commented above, there is no death penalty for "all sex outside marriage". There is a verse which states לֹא תִהְיֶה קְדֵשָׁה מִבְּנוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל וְלֹא יִהְיֶה קָדֵשׁ מִבְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, but that does not specify a death penalty of stoning. The prostitutes profession was irrelevant to the case. And it would not be a good society if ...


8

The Rambam in הלכות דעות פרק ה says the following: כג: דרך בעלי דעה, שיקבע לו אדם מלאכה המפרנסת אותו תחילה, ואחר כך יקנה בית דירה, ואחר כך יישא אישה--שנאמר "מי האיש אשר נטע כרם, ולא חיללו . . . אשר בנה בית חדש . . . אשר אירש אישה" (ראה דברים כ,ה-ז) "The behavior of intelligent people is to first get [trained in] a job so he can support himself, then ...


8

Rabbi Yitzchak Breitowitz discussed this in a tzedaka lecture; it's considered giving to charity, but at 90% the rate. If my legal work goes for $100/hr, and I did an extra hour of work, I'd make $100 of which I'd keep $90 and give $10 to tzedaka. So if instead I donate an hour of my legal work to charity, it's only $90 I'd be seeing in my wallet, hence if ...


8

Shulchan Aruch in Yoreh Deah siman 240 siff 5 says one is required to lose work in order to honor his parents, even though this will cause the child to end up needing to collect money for himself. However, this is only when the son has money to support himself that day, if he does not have even that much, he does not have to lose work.


7

R Abraham Abraham (Nishmat Avraham, vol. 2, p. 134) writes that "Rav (Shlomo Zalman) Auerbach told me that a man may learn a medical or paramedical profession, since they involve pikuach nefesh". He doesn't differentiate between gynaecology and others (and gynaecology certainly involves pikuach nefesh). He continues: "however each person must decide for ...


7

According to R' Herschel Schachter, the designation of "your city" for this purpose is based on association, rather than geography. In an interview on the topic with Jewish Action magazine, he said: However, aniyei ircha does not refer to the poor people of your city literally. I live in Manhattan. Are all the poor people in New York considered my aniyei ...


7

(If you're in a rush, skip to the last paragraph.) Let us first compare the texts to see what the discrepancies actually are. The Talmudic passage reads as follows: Kiddushin 82a תנו רבנן כל שעסקיו עם הנשים סורו רע כגון הצורפים והסריקים והנקורות והרוכלין והגרדיים והספרים והכובסים והגרע והבלן והבורסקי אין מעמידים מהם לא מלך ולא כהן גדול מאי טעמא לא ...


7

Between Purim and the next Shemini Atzeret the calendar is completely fixed (no leap years, leap days, etc.). The four possibilities are: Purim (F), Pesach (S-Sh), Shavuot (M), Tisha b'Av (S), Rosh haShana (T-W), Yom Kippur (R), Sukkot (T-T). That's 15 weekdays. (6 of complete Issur Melakha) Purim (S), Pesach (T-M), Shavuot (W), Tisha b'Av (T), Rosh haShana ...


7

The Talmud (Bava Batra 21a) presents the following dispute: ואמר רבא האי מקרי ינוקי דגריס ואיכא אחרינא דגריס טפי מיניה לא מסלקינן ליה דלמא אתי לאיתרשולי רב דימי מנהרדעא אמר כ"ש דגריס טפי קנאת סופרים תרבה חכמה Raba also said: If we have a teacher who gets on with the children and there is another who can get on better, we do not replace the first by the ...


7

myjewishlearning.com has an article titled "How Do I Ask for the High Holidays Off?" which addresses how to handle this: First, provide straightforward information. Say, “You probably know I’m Jewish, and the High Holidays are coming up in a few weeks.” Mention the exact dates you’ll need to have off, and explain that you’ll be at services/ observing the ...


6

"Shifting one's personal clock" and the like -- the example you gave was someone who finds himself in the wilderness and has no sense of what day it is -- the Talmud says he should start some sort of calendar and work with it. That's not applicable to the situation at hand, in which everyone agrees that it's now Friday January 31st 2014 and that sunset is at ...


6

One keeps the sabbath — abstains from certain activities and tries to engage in holy pursuits — from sundown Friday to nighttime Saturday, irrespective of his ability to perform the sabbath ceremonies. Such abstentions and pursuits may be subject to your commanding officers' restrictions on you; consult a rabbi for specific questions as they ...


6

Aruch HaShulchan Hilchos Shechita 1:25 says that one who is too involved in Chochmas Hanegina will not pay proper attention to the Halachos of Shechita


6

R' Ovadia Yosef in Yabia Omer 6, Y.D. 14, was asked by a religious girls school if it was better to enforce a dresscode which prohibited short skirts or pants, as the school had determined they would only be able to eliminate one. In his response, he cites many examples, starting from the Talmud, of cases in which decisions are made between the lesser of ...


6

The book Making it Work was released by Rabbi Ari Wasserman which contains discussions of many Halachic questions that arise in the modern workplace. The description is as follows: The modern day workplace presents Jewish men and women with a constant array of obvious as well as subtle challenges, and now there is this go-to-guide for practical halachic ...


6

The Babylonian Talmud, in Tractate Chullin (24a), notes this contradiction in starting age and reconciles it by saying that Levites entered training at 25 and began to serve at 30. (From this we learn that if we don't see signs of progress with a student in 5 years, we don't expect him to succeed.) However, this restriction applied only to the mishkan, the ...


6

As noted by Danny Schoemann in a comment, Kiddushin 82a - 82b lists some professions that are seen as praiseworthy (along with others that are not): Camel drivers (according to R. Yehudah) - because they work in the dangerous desert where they fear for their lives, and therefore their 'hearts are broken towards G-d'. (Rashi) Sailors - because they work in ...


6

From a strict halachic POV, if one hires Jewish "full-day" workers, they have to be sent home on Friday early enough to arrive home with enough time to fill a barrel of water and roast a small fish and light the Shabbat candle. (Source: Shulchan Aruch, Choshen Mishpat, Section 331:1 - see below for full-text and translation as per Sefaria.) Of ...


5

Nitei Gavriel Hilchos Purim 2:8:13 mentions this in the name of Minhagei Vermasia 211 that on the 15th of Shevat the children would not go learn with their Rabbeim.


5

You are obligated to make your best and most appropriate efforts to get yourself the income you need to fulfil your purpose. As an introduction read this article. You also need to pray for your income as we learn from the first man. See Braishis 2 (5) and Rashi’s commentary there. This is explained in this extract from here The first time prayer is ...


5

There is a basic idea that whenever we have an opportunity to say good about a good person, we will. Likewise whenever there is the opportunity to say bad about a bed person we will. Rachav was a nice lady, professed a deep belief in and fear of God. She endangered herself to save the Jewish spies. As such she qualifies for chazzal and our mipharshim to find ...


5

I have not done my own detailed analysis by compiling an exhaustive and definitive review of the various rabbis mentioned in the Talmud and their respective vocations although a good reference is the responsum of the rishon, R. Shimon b. Zemah (Tashbatz, Vol. 1 §147) who provides quite a lengthy list. Meir Ayali in his ‘Poalim VeUmanim - Melachtam Um’...


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