edim, witnesses, those who witness/testify

Edim (witnesses) refers in halacha to

  • those who deliberately witness something (e.g. a transaction) knowing that they may be called on later to testify about it,
  • those who happen to witness something (e.g. a crime) and may need to testify about it later,
  • those who are testifying (even falsely) that they had witnessed something,
  • those who witness something (e.g. a marriage) thereby effecting a change in status, and
  • those who sign a contract to testify that what it avers is true.

See also .