15

According to Talmud (Yevamot 71–72) the reason circumcision was not practiced in the desert is: Because of the hardships of the way - a 40 year journey is no joke. Since is would have been dangerous for someone right after circumcision to get on the road, and they had no choice but to be on the road, they waited until the trek was over. Because there was ...


9

The first Rashi in Parshat Masei mentions that Israel had 14 journeys during the first year until they arrived at Ritmah (which is Kadesh Barne'a). Then they wandered for 38 years where they had 20 journeys. Then, the final year there were 8 journeys after Aharon died as they went into the land. The 40 years of wandering in the desert retroactively include ...


8

They were learning Torah. As it says in Shemot 34:32 Afterward all the Israelites came near, and he instructed them concerning all that the Lord had imparted to him on Mount Sinai. Rashi explains based on Eruvin 54b Moses used to learn the law from the mouth of the Almighty; Aaron entered and Moses taught him his lesson. Now Aaron moved away and ...


6

On "Shrub is burning in Kotzk" (סנה בוער בקוצק), The Kotzker also gives the answer to his still-shocked teacher: "The Israelites did tzadaka (charity) with Da'at (knowledge)"


5

good question The Zohar (Ki Sisa 191b) and Yalkut (Parshas Beha'alosecho 729 according to the Zais Ra'non) write that only Klal Yisroel had the privilege of the protection of the ענני הכבוד, the Erev Rav however didn't share this luxury and they camped in the desert outside the ענני הכבוד. Klal Yisroel fed the Erev Rav with the left overs of the Mon and ...


5

The Yalqut Reubeni (here, s.v. מה) addresses this question and quotes from a collection ‘Sode Raza’ (attributed to student(s) of R. Yehudah HaChasid) that the layer of dew would bring forth vegetables for the animals.


5

Rashi to Shemot 16:21 (quoting Mechilta here) says: and [when] the sun grew hot, it melted: What remained [of the manna] in the field melted and became streams from which deer and gazelles drank. And the nations of the world would hunt some of them [these animals] and taste in them the flavor of manna and know how great Israel’s praise was. — [from ...


5

Tosafos to Menachos 95a says that of course they didn't travel on Shabbos: ועל כרחיך בשבת לא היו נוסעין דאפילו לא היו תחומין מדאורייתא לא היו יכולין ליסע משום איסור הוצאה ואיסור מחמר You have to say that they didn't travel on Shabbos. Even if techumin are not binding mideoraisa, they wouldn't have been able to travel because of the prohibitions on carrying ...


5

I can think of two ways that one could have fulfilled the mitzvah of tzedaka back then. If one knew someone who needed to travel away from where klal yisroel was encamped and since the manna would have spoiled the next day (and they wouldn't get manna where one was travelling on the way) so giving them some money would be considered tzedaka see shulchan ...


4

If I understand your question correctly, you're asking specifically about the middle 38 years. I have a partial answer to address that time, and I can flesh this out further with times for the first and last year as well if you'd like. Har Sinai: Left on 20 Iyar, 24491 Travel to Kivros HaTa'avah: 20-22 Iyar, 24492 Kivros HaTa'avah: 22 Iyar2-21 Sivan, ...


4

Gittin 60a (as explained by Rashi): בעא מיניה אביי מרבה ... למאן דאמר תורה מגילה מגילה ניתנה תיבעי למאן דאמר תורה חתומה ניתנה alludes to a debate as to whether the Torah was written down one paragraph at a time throughout the stay in the desert, and then put together at the end of the forty years, or was only written down for the first time, in one go, ...


3

Many commentaries go case-by-case through each of the "terrible mistakes" of the Jews in the desert and explain how they are not as terrible as they seem. For example, by the sin of the Golden Calf, the Ramban explains (32:1) that they did not want to create an idol to serve, but rather to appoint a new leader, a Moshe replacement, to lead them now that ...


3

Bava Basra 121b says that the age of 60 was the upper limit. ומשאר שבטים לא עייל....אלא אמר רב אחא בר יעקב לא נגזרה גזירה לא על פחות מבן עשרים ולא על יתר מבן ששים לא על פחות מבן עשרים דכתיב מבן עשרים שנה ומעלה ולא על יתר מבן ששים גמר ומעלה ומעלה מערכין מה להלן יתר מבן ששים כפחות מבן כ' אף כאן יתר מבן ששים כפחות מבן עשרים Did none of the [...


3

It would seem there are two covenants established between the Bnei Yisroel and Hashem. The first was at Sinai or Chorev. Chorev is another name for Sinai (See Rashi 3:1) This covenant constitutes the "ספר הברית" that commits the nation of Israel to keep all the commandments that are commanded to them. (See Ramban Exodus 24:1 for a timeline and ...


3

Moshe Rabbeinu, while he was grazing Yisro's flock, came to the area of Mt. Sinai, which shows that there was plenty of grazing fields out there in the wilderness (source pasted below). The word "midbar" does not necessarily mean dry like the Sahara, it just means an area that is not settled, a "wilderness," but it could still have lots of grassy hills and ...


3

Gemara Shabbos 35a: אמר רב מעין המיטלטל טהור וזהו בארה של מרים Rav said: A spring that is portable, i.e., that moves from place to place, is ritually pure and is regarded as an actual spring and not as drawn water. And what is a movable spring? It is Miriam’s well. Rashi explains, that it could be used as a mikvah. טהור - מלקבל טומאה וטובלין ...


2

The Ramban understands it to be explaining why they would have gone that way- it is a parenthetical statement explaining why it needs to be justified to not go that way. The Ramban reads the verse as follows: ...G-d did not lead them by the way of the Philistines, which should have been the logical choice for it is near, because G-d said...


2

Dan was punished for keeping the idol by being excluded from the clouds of glory, (as can be seen in the sources of the linked answer, and targum pseudo jonathan which I linked in the question). There is no indication that the Danites actually worshipped the idol in the desert, and as they were not delinquent to a capital degree, they were not overtly ...


2

Shmos 16:2 was the initial complaint when they left Egypt because they had not yet learned to fully trust in Hashem. He sent the manna and gave them the chance to learn how to follow his orders. Note that He gave them the chance to not leave any over and to refrain from gathering on Shabbat. 17:2 contains the complaint about water and the miracle of striking ...


2

I would definitely suggest splitting up your questions. To answer the first question(s), Radak (here) explains that "all the man of war" does not mean all of the men who actually went to war, but rather, it means all those men 20 and above, who were of "warring age" when they left Egypt. This seems to be the understanding of many of the commentaries, ...


2

Rav Hirsch points out that the situations were different. For example, at Mara they came and found water that was impossible to drink. After Eilim, they found themselves in the dessert with nothing visible as to how they would be given food or water. As slaves they had been accustomed to their masters making sure that food and drink were always available. ...


2

It seems according To the Ritva in the name of Rav Hai Gaon that Hashem had already shown Moshe Rabeinu at Har Sinai in the נקרת הצור (stone crevice) how to make the Tefilin shel Rosh with all its details which would include The 4 batim and 4 Parshios. The 2 Parshiot in Devarim are the wrtten text what Moshe rabeinu had already known and taught Klal yisroel ...


2

According to the Medrash Raba (Bemidbar 16:23) quoted by Rashi in Parshat Shlach (Bemidbar 15:33) nobody died before reaching the age of 60. לֹא מֵת אֶחָד מֵהֶן פָּחוֹת מִשִּׁשִּׁים שָׁנָה This would have given everybody ample time to have children and even grandchildren. This is also mentioned by Tosafos in Mo'ed Katan 28a (ד"ה ומיתה) who quotes a ...


2

Rosh Hashanah 2b-3a For it is written [in connection with the latter], ‘After he had smitten Sihon’; and when Aaron died Sihon was still alive, as it is written And the Canaanite the king of Arad heard. What was the report that he heard? He heard that Aaron had died and that the clouds of glory had departed, and he judged that it was now permitted to attack ...


2

For some sins, repentance is just not enough (Rambam Tshuva 1,4) עבר על מצות לא תעשה שאין בה כרת ולא מיתת בית דין ועשה תשובה, תשובה תולה ויום הכפורים מכפר If he did Karet or death penalty and repent, repentance and Yom Kippur "hang" the sin, and suffering will complete the redemption, and he will never be fully be forgiven, until suffering will ...


2

1. Focusing on the question of when the twentieth birthday had to fall, Rashi to Bamidbar 14:33 writes that the decree was such that the men died when they had entered their 60th year. This means that anyone who was aged 20 at the time of the Golden Calf (over a year prior) would eventually die in the desert, but not anyone who was not then 20, even though ...


2

I saw somewhere that the Gerrer Rebbe also asks this question. He answer that there is a Midrash that the Manna tasted like whatever one imagined. Many Israelites in Egypt had experienced a limited repertoire of foods. So those who had eaten an unusual food could share their recollections. In a way they gave charity. Which shows us that charity is not only ...


1

Rav Yosef Messas in Mayim Chaim 1:206(new version and old) is discussing how the machlokes of Rashi and Rabbeinu Tan teffilin is possible if people always wore teffilin. Rav Messas first answer explains that it could be that klal Yisrael did not wear teffilin in the midbar since there are two parshiyos that would be missing from the teffilin. He explains ...


1

Rabbi Mordechai Kornfeld discusses a different question here), and in that discussion he addresses your question: Our Sages propose a very unusual source for splitting the Tefillin that is worn on our heads into 4 separate sections. The Torah calls them Totafot, which is a combination of two foreign words, each meaning "two." Why did the Torah ...


1

The Sefer קורות הדורות [זילבר] חלק ב' דף ל"ז has a nice timeline in Hebrew. For all the footnotes and more details, you would want to see the sefer itself.


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible