14

R. Akiva Eger’s letter regarding the cholera epidemic of 1831 can be seen in Iggerot Soferim, 29. You can see a translation of a slightly different version of the letter here.


8

I will offer a partial answer to the question. Many states have exceptions to the underage drinking law that for religious purposes it is allowed. Many states also have an exception when on private, non alcohol-selling premises, with parental consent. I got this information here: http://drinkingage.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=002591. Although ...


7

R. David Zvi Hoffmann (Shut. Melamed Le'Hoil 1:42) was asked whether a G-d fearing Jew is obligated to do "everything possible" to evade service in the German army, "where he is forced to violate shabasos and yamim tovim." His conclusion, after detailed analysis, is that he is not obligated to, and it is better not to, as if this becomes known it will cause ...


7

This is the guidance issued by the United Synagogue. The observance of Taharat Hamishpacha (the laws of family purity) is a fundamental mitzvah. Mikvaot remain open for women. Best-practice guidelines on hygiene and social distancing are in place at local Mikvaot in North London. As each mikvah operates independently, women should contact their mikvah ...


6

In general, while Jews are obligated to follow the law of the land (dina d'malchuta dina - "the law of the land is the law"; see Nedarim 28a, Gittin 10b, Bava Kama 113b, and Bava Batra 54b), this is not the case if the law would force them to violate divine laws (including those regarding human rights). Similarly, if the law is unjust/discriminatory in ...


6

For parts 1 and 2 see this answer. This answer addresses part 3. I have a US security clearance, and the rules that came with that say that I could suffer penalties ranging from losing my clearance to going to jail if I reveal classified information to anybody who (a) does not have a clearance or (b) does have a clearance but does not have a government-...


6

I heard quoted from several poskim, one of whom was R' Moshe Heinemann (I don't remember who the other was) that even according to the opinions that Dina D'Malchusa applies beyond property and monetary law, it is permissible to go 8 miles over the speed limit (obviously this number would be case sensitive) because the police do not care when you are within ...


5

I once asked this to Rabbi Dovid Feinstein. He said it is assur to pay cash in this type of situation. Paying taxes is an enforced law which falls in the category of Dina Di'malchusa which one must keep.


5

The Bavli (Bava Kamma 60b) states that when a plague is in the city one should stay inside and when a famine is in the city one should leave. However, it is worth noting the words of the Arukh HaShulchan (576:12): כתבו הגדולים דכשאבעבועות שקורין פקי"ן פורחים בתינוקות ומתים – יש לגזור תענית. וכל אחד מחוייב להרחיק מן העיר בניו ובנותיו הקטנים, ואם לא עשה ...


5

The answer to this question specifically about the United States has to do with Article VI of the U.S. Constitution. Article VI Clause 2 reads This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of ...


5

Possible answer to part 1. 1) Here you find the well known statement that "Gemara (Yerushalmi Yuma 8:5) puts it very pithily: “The one who acts with alacrity is to be praised; the one who is asked (concerning whether to desecrate Shabbos) is disgraceful; and the one who asks is a murderer.” The statement is qualified This is because every rav ...


5

To start, it is pretty settled that dina d'malchusa dina applies to paying taxes. According to the Ran in Nedarim 28a, "paying taxes is like paying rent, it is the cost you pay for living in that country." (see also the Rama in Choshen Mishpat 369:6). Rabbi Joseph Solovechik also held that one should not shop at a store where you know the owner does not ...


4

We find in Sanhedrin 14a that the government ruled that any one who gives or receives Semicha will be put to death.. Yehudah Ben Bava gave Semicha to 5 students between two cities.. when the Goyim found out, Yehudah Ben Bava told his students: Run The famous story of Rashbi who ran away in a cave for 12-13 years because the secular courts wanted to kill him....


4

First off: halacha still prohibits marijuana, for all sorts of other reasons! What follows here is a theoretical discussion of dina demalchusa. One limitation is that the law must be "that of the kingdom", not just the whims of a particular king. If a law is completely bizarre and a total departure from anything ever enacted before, that can't be called "...


4

(All translations are my own) Shulchan Aruch C.M. 73:14 (discussing the selling of collateral after the time of collection of a loan has passed - see :12) יש מי שאומר שאע"פ שעבר זמן ההלואה צריך להמתין מלמכור המשכון שלשי' יום אחר תביע הגה: וא"צ לתובעו בב"ד רק יתבענו בפני עדים שיפרענו ואח"כ יעכבנו ל' יום וימכרנו ואפי' אם תבעו רק בינו לבינו מהני אם הלוה ...


4

"The Ran (in Nedarim) explains that the exception to the rule of DDD is Eretz Yisroel, which the Ran categorically states that Dina Dmalchusa Dina is inapplicable in Eretz Yisroel, since the Torah declares Eretz Yisroel belongs to Hashem (Vayikra 25:23). Since Hashem is the true property owner, and He has encouraged all of Klal Yisroel to live in Eretz ...


3

Serving as a juror between two Jews in a case dealing with the law of the country is not problematic unless the law of the country in question conflicts with Talmudic or Biblical law. Per Dina D'Malchuta Dina, one is obliged to serve on a jury if chosen as it is a civil duty. Additionally, as the US Government cannot be claimed to be a "Wicked Government" ...


3

R' Shlomo Zalman Aurbach, in Maadanei Aretz ch. 18, writes that Halacha trumps Dina D'Malchusa Dina. For example, if A took B to secular court and won, B would have to pay A as a result of Dina D'Malchusa Dina (even though A was not allowed to take B to court to start), but B could then sue A in Beis Din for his unjustified losses in secular court, because ...


3

The underlying theoretical justification - Pikuach Nefesh, saving lives by preventing attacks - is where it would come from. Whether or not this behavior accomplishes that in this context is another matter. The most interesting aspect of the question is if the victim of the "Price-Tag" attack is decidedly not an aggressor, just happens to be in the same ...


3

You will find the historical information you seek at this link: Italy, Early Modern - Jewish Women's Archives: https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/italy-early-modern. It is an encyclopedia article by Howard Tzvi Adelman. Simply put, Jews could indeed divorce in Catholic-dominated Italy, and Adelman discusses the conditions established by the autonomous ...


3

It is known that Rav Elyashiv ZTL & Rav Chaim Kanievsky Shlita and other Rabanim often refrain from giving public Proclamations regarding subjects about which they have reason to believe that many religious people will blatantly disregard. They rely on the fact that those who care enough to take heed of the Halacha will verify on their own what the ...


2

With regard to question #3: According to Prof. Eugene Fidell of Yale Law School, who is an expert on government labor law and the military criminal la, the congregant would have no defense to a charges of unlawful disclosure of classified information if he disclosed classified info to s civillian rabbi. Therefore, the annswer to question #2 is moot. His ...


2

I haven't had time to go through the whole sugya, but this article by Dov Daniel (published in Daf Kesher vol 922, Parshat Pinchas 5763) seems to say that it is a din on the gavra and not the cheftza: דברי ר' יונה: "לא הוזכר דינא דמלכותא אלא בהפקעה שהנכסים מופקעים מבעליהם בדיני המלך וכענין הפקר בית דין הפקר ומי שיורד בהם במצות המלך זוכה ...


2

The Rashbam (BB 54b, “v’ha’amar Shmuel”) is of the opinion that DD applies to taxes, etc., that everyone accepts upon themselves. The Ran (Nedarim 28a, “b’muchseh ha’omed me’eilav”) and the Rambam (Hil. Gezeilah VaAveidah 5:11) hold that DD applies to anything instituted by a non-Jewish government. Since all Jews share a portion of Jewish-controlled Eretz ...


2

In my opinion it would be permitted because enforcement of prohibition was selective and selective enforcement is one of the things that nullifies Dina Demalchusa. The selective enforcement was for two reasons: there was insufficient manpower to do better, and states had no interest in doing it, leaving the job to federal agents. So a local officer would ...


2

Yes. There is a concept of "dina d'malchusa dina," the "Law of the Land is the Law." This means that according to Halacha, one must abide by the civil law of the land in which one lives. There is much discussion about the parameters of this din, but as laws generally do not concern themselves with the subjective "convenience" of those to whom they apply, ...


2

The Chazon Ish writes in חושן משפט ליקוטים סימן ט"ז אות ט: והנה כתבו ראשונים ז"ל שאין גזלנותא דמלכותא דין, דמלחמה הותרה לו לפעמים אבל גזלנותא במדינתו לא הותרה, והלכך חק שהוא עושה הוא בכלל דינין וגם הותר לו משפט המלך כפי ההסכמה אבל דבר שמדת הישרים להחזיק לאון לא ניתן לו, וכ' כתב רמב"ן שלא הותר לו למלך לחדש דבר שלא הורגלו בו הראשונים ונראה ...


2

It appears we basically follow a de facto recognition of who's currently governing, not a de jure one; and the facts are determined by economics. Rambam, end of Ch. 5 of Laws of Theft and Loss: ה,יז מלך שכרת אילנות של בעלי בתים, ועשה מהן גשר--מותר לעבור עליו; וכן אם הרס בתים, ועשה אותן דרך או חומה--מותר ליהנות בה. וכן כל כיוצא בזה, שדין המלך דין. ה,יח ...


1

Two things I found. First, taking someone to secular court over a personal matter violates halacha: "When a case is between two Jews [ben adam l’chavero], we judge it with Jewish law only." [Chazon Ish C.M. Likkutim 16:1] The Talmud says: "Rabbi Tarfon used to say: In any place where you find non-Jewish law courts, even though their law is the same as the ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible