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5

This exact question was asked by R. Hezekiah Silva in his commentary to the Shulchan Aruch where it says that the students stopped dying. Peri Chadash O.C. 493:2 ומיהו יש לדקדק בשמחה זו למה ואי משום שפסקו מלמות מה בכך הרי לא נשארו אחד מהם וכולם מתו ומה טיבה של שמחה זו However, there is [a need] to clarify why we have this joy. If it's because they ...


1

@Alex had a very good answer. Just thought I should add that Maharasha explains that the lowest part of the soul (Nefesh) remains with the body after death and the most elevated part of the soul (Neshama) separates from the body after death and ascends to higher realms. His commentary (see the footnote in ArtScroll) says that the Germara here speaks of a ...


10

R. Ezekiel Landau discusses this aspect of the tale in his commentary there. He explains that the spirit cannot leave the body until the body decomposes, and that is why we conduct burials in a manner that will quicken the process, by burying directly in the ground and using linen shrouds. A mat of reeds slows the rotting process and therefore the body of ...


1

TL;DR: For certain types of scenarios (ie a murderer) Rabbinic courts would be able to carry out executions whenever the situation would arise... but they wouldn't kill via one of 4 methods of capital punihments, rather they'd kill via an "indirect" manner. While the mishnah in Makkos (1:10) that you cited does state that "a court that executes one person ...


-3

Who exactly is qualified to say so and so has just experienced "the moment of death"? Nobody, in good conscience, can testify to something he or she is unsure of; therefore, the waiting period (even if less than 24 hours) before the burial is a way to be certain that one is not wrong on the issue. Isn't that simply a practicality, that Kaddish is not ...


3

Well, since Kadish is said by the mourners, and they are exempt from davening, they won't be in shul to say Kadish, and may not even be allowed to say it (same way they cannot daven or bentsch.) That said, at a funeral the Kadish is already said, before the burial. Also, if one has given up hope of finding somebody presumed dead (e.g. they drowned and were ...


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