3

You ask if the Torah prescribes locking someone away as a punishment. The Talmud Yerushalmi (Moed Katan 3:1) explicitly mentions this in a discussion of those allowed to cut their hair on Hol Hamoed והיוצא מבית האסורין. הוינן סברין מימר כשהיה חבוש אצל העכו"ם אבל אם היה חבוש אצל ישראל לא The gemara mentions that those freed from a prison of non-Jews ...


1

While not a direct proof, there is perhaps some roundabout evidence from the Talmud in Pesachim 12b. The Talmud there had been discussing at length the possibility of witnesses mistaking the times that they are testifying about. According to various suggestions for what level of mistakes we would be concerned about (e.g. being off by an hour) the Talmud asks ...


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