12

Your question has been asked before by traditional commentators (e.g., Radak). artscroll translates the end of 43:10 before Me nothing was created by a god, nor will there be after Me! and comments based on Radak and Mahari Kara This is addressed to idolaters, who believed that there was another divine being. Isaiah repudiates the notion that there ...


8

The same text appears in Chagigah 18a. Rashi there commments: ששת ימי בראשית - ימי כל שבוע ושבוע בין שתי שבתות הן יושבין הרי קדושה לפניהן ולאחריהן:‏ The six days of creation - Every set of weekdays are between two shabbatot, thus they have holiness before and after them. So, according to Rashi it's simply a reference to the six weekdays in ...


7

The Rambam believed that the Torah is not intended to be history or science, but ethical teachings: Those passages in the Bible, which, in their literal sense, contain statements that can be refuted by proof, can and must be interpreted otherwise. [Rambam, Guide to the Perplexed, 2:25]


7

The source that explicitly states this concept is the Nefesh Hachaim written by Rabbi Chaim Volozhiner, who sees it as being expressed by earlier sources. See for example Shaar 4:25: אבל אם היה ח''ו העולם פנוי לגמרי אפילו רגע אחת ממש מעסק והתבוננות עם סגולה בתו''הק. תיכף כרגע היו כל העולמות נחרבים ונבטלים ממציאות לגמרי ח''ו. ואף גם איש א' מישראל לבד. רב ...


7

Creation "ex nihilo" is a [mis] translation of the Jewish idea of "ברא יש מאין" where אין here does not mean "nothing, it just means "לית ביה תפיסא" - we don't have any apprehension of it. The closest I could find explicit is Raavad's interpretation on the Sefer Hayetzira: "יש מאין אבל נקרא אין לפי שאינו מושג לא מצד עילתו ולא מצד עצמו שעילתו הוא עילת ...


6

Yes - every child of Adam HaRishon was supposed to be equal. At the end of Paragraph #3 in Chap 4 of Part II in Luzzato's Derech Hashem, he says Hashem judged humanity at the Tower of Bavel - when Avraham was 48. Because Avraham was the only human on Earth who was still working on himself spiritually at that time (he was still living in hiding by Noach and ...


6

Bereishit Rabbah 12:14: בְּיוֹם עֲשׂוֹת ה' אֱלֹהִים אֶרֶץ וְשָׁמָיִם, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי וּבֵית הִלֵּל. בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים מַחֲשָׁבָה בַּלַּיְלָה וּמַעֲשֶׂה בַּיּוֹם. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים מַחֲשָׁבָה וּמַעֲשֶׂה בַּיּוֹם. אָמַר רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹחָאי, תָּמֵהַּ אֲנִי אֵיךְ נֶחְלְקוּ אֲבוֹת הָעוֹלָם בֵּית שַׁמַּאי וּבֵית הִלֵּל עַל בְּרִיַּית ...


5

Pesachim 68b: אמר רבי אלעזר אילמלא תורה לא נתקיימו שמים וארץ שנאמר אם לא בריתי יומם ולילה חקות שמים וארץ לא שמתי Rabbi Elazar said: If not for the Torah, heaven and earth would not be sustained, as it is stated: “If not for My covenant by day and by night, I would not have set up the laws of heaven and earth” (Jeremiah 33:25). As Rashi ad. loc. ...


5

The Torah, the Talmud and Chazal do not use the artificial label "Orthodox" or recognize subcategories of Judaism, it is just one religion. And you remain as Jewish as the rest of us even if you question and doubt. Yes, events described in the Torah are ofttimes inconsistent with laws of nature as we know it, or current scientific knowledge, and could only ...


5

This was one of the hottest topics in medieval Jewish philosophy. Saadia Gaon devoted the first treatise of Emunot V'Deiot to proving creatio ex nihilo and refuting the opposing arguments. Here is an excerpt from his introduction to that treatise: Therefore, O thou that seekest the truth, may God be gracious unto thee, if our discussion yield to thee ...


4

I believe Abarbanel is referring to this line of Ramban on Bereishit 1:1: ודע, כי השמים וכל אשר בהם – חומר אחד, והארץ וכל אשר בה – חומר אחד. והקב"ה ברא אלו שניהם מאין, ושניהם לבדם נבראים, והכל נעשים מהם. והחומר הזה, שקראו היולי, נקרא בלשון הקדש "תֹּהוּ"‏ And know that the heavens and all that is in them are one material, and the earth and all ...


4

A very important aspect of the Jewish theology championed by Maimonides is that God does not have any attributes separate from His essence. "God's will" is not some kind of metaphysical force; God's will is simply God. This is discussed at length in Book I of Guide for the Perplexed, but here is one quote from Chapter 69 there to illustrate this: ...


3

I could point you to Shabbos 88b below, but please clarify if you are asking about what occurred prior to 974 generations before the creation of the world. ואמר רבי יהושע בן לוי בשעה שעלה משה למרום אמרו מלאכי השרת לפני הקדוש ברוך הוא רבונו של עולם מה לילוד אשה בינינו אמר להן לקבל תורה בא אמרו לפניו חמודה גנוזה שגנוזה לך תשע מאות ושבעים וארבעה דורות ...


3

A very interesting source is found in the discussion of the splitting of the earth in the times of Peleg. Rav Moshe Yitzchak Ashkenazi quotes Rav Yitzchak Chaim (Vittorio) Castiglioni (Italian bio), who supports the interpretation that prior to the Dor Haflaga, we all lived together on Pangaea, and that is when the splitting of the continents took place: ...


3

Here is a list of roughly 6 approaches in Jewish Thought to the question of scientific theories of origin (Big Bang Theory, Inflation, Geology, Evolution, etc...) and the Torah's depiction of creation. I am certain there are others I haven't encountered. 1) Rejection of scientific conclusions. Theories change over time. Rather than worry about a ...


3

You could try the approach of the Rashbam on verse 5 who seems to say that everything was created at the start of each day. After a full day came the night - and then the start of the second day. ויהי ערב ויהי בקר - אין כתיב כאן ויהי לילה ויהי יום, אלא ויהי ערב, שהעריב יום ראשון ושיקע האור, ויהי בוקר, בוקרו של לילה, שעלה עמוד השחר, הרי הושלם יום א' מן ...


2

I believe it is fair to suggest, though I naturally cannot provide a "source", that if there where "sources that easily disprove evolution" then someone who is introduced to the controversy would likely have encountered them because opponents of evolution would give preference to such arguments. Furthermore, I am not sure it is reasonable to presume that a ...


2

The (a) source is Avos d’Rebbi Nassan 31:3: אף כך הקב״ה יהא שמו הגדול מבורך לעולם ולעולמי עולמים בחכמתו ובתבונתו ברא את כל העולם כולו וברא את השמים ואת הארץ עליונים ותחתונים. ויצר באדם כל מה שברא בעולמו. So, too, Hashem, in His wisdom and understanding, created the whole world, and he created the heavens and the earth, the upper realm and the lower ...


2

By "His creation being within Him", I assume you mean panentheism. Pantheism is the belief that the universe is god. This would be heretical. (Ask the court that excommunicated Spinoza.) Panentheism (with an extra "en" in the middle) is the belief that the universe is of God, but that God is more than just the universe. Panentheism is a fully accepted way ...


2

I know of a number of approaches to evolution vs creation in Jewish thought. As far as I can tell, it seems that an insistence on the Torah giving literal history with it being roughly 5,769 years since ex nihilo, became more popular after the scientific challenges of the past two centuries, not less. As though we dug in our heels in the face of so many ...


2

This is one of the topics that one should avoid discussing. See Mishna Chagiga 2:1, 11b in the Talmud: אֵין דּוֹרְשִׁין בַּעֲרָיוֹת בִּשְׁלֹשָׁה. וְלֹא בְמַעֲשֵׂה בְרֵאשִׁית בִּשְׁנַיִם. וְלֹא בַמֶּרְכָּבָה בְּיָחִיד, אֶלָּא אִם כֵּן הָיָה חָכָם וּמֵבִין מִדַּעְתּוֹ. כָּל הַמִּסְתַּכֵּל בְּאַרְבָּעָה דְּבָרִים, רָאוּי לוֹ כְּאִלּוּ לֹא בָּא לָעוֹלָם,...


1

Avodah zarah 3a (with steinzaltz): ואמר בעניין זה ר' שמעון בן לקיש, מאי דכתיב [מהו שנאמר]: "ויהי ערב ויהי בקר יום הששי" (בראשית א, לא), בה"א הידיעה? מלמד שהתנה הקדוש ברוך הוא עם מעשה בראשית תנאי זה, ואמר: אם ישראל מקבלין את תורתי בזמן מתן תורה — מוטב, ואם לאו [לא] — אני אחזיר אתכם לתוהו ובוהו; rabbi Shimon Ben lakish said on this topic: why is it ...


1

אם אין יראה, אין חכמה If there is no fear, there is no wisdom. (משנה אבות ג יז) וְעַתָּה֙ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל מָ֚ה יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ שֹׁאֵ֖ל מֵעִמָּ֑ךְ כִּ֣י אִם־לְ֠יִרְאָ֠ה אֶת־יְהֹוָ֨ה אֱלֹהֶ֜יךָ לָלֶ֤כֶת בְּכׇל־דְּרָכָיו֙ וּלְאַהֲבָ֣ה אֹת֔וֹ וְלַֽעֲבֹד֙ אֶת־יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ בְּכׇל־לְבָבְךָ֖ וּבְכׇל־נַפְשֶֽׁךָ׃ (דברים י:יב) All that ...


1

See Kuzari 5:20:14-16 where he states that the world is not being continuously "created". See also Moreh 1:73 principle 6 where he attributes the belief in constant creation to the Mutakallimun and rejects it. See also Footnote 178 in the Feldheim Korobkin Kuzari.


1

Comparing the traditional Jewish age of the universe with the scientific age of the universe is like comparing apples and oranges. To explain, let's start with a question: What makes our universe real, as compared to a universe described in a science fiction fantasy novel? To answer, we can draw a distinction that our universe is real because it is ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible